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Source Criticism
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A method of biblical study that seeks to determine the literary sources behind a final text. It has sometimes been called “literary criticism” or “higher criticism,” as opposed to the “lower” textual criticism.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Source Criticism
Source Criticism A method of biblical study that seeks to determine the literary sources behind a final text. It has sometimes been called “literary criticism” or “higher criticism,” as opposed to the “lower” textual criticism.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Source Criticism
SOURCE CRITICISM. Formerly called “literary criticism” or “higher criticism,” source criticism is a method of biblical study which analyzes texts that are not the work of a single author but result from the combination of originally separate documents. This method has been applied to texts of the Old
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Source Criticism
Source Criticism. The attempt to explain the extensive duplications and disagreements among the Gospels through an examination of their literary histories and sources.
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
Sachkritik
SachkritikSachkritik is the German term regularly translated as “content criticism” in English. But Robert Morgan warns us that in the special context of Bultmann’s NT studies, this translation is only partially correct. He argues that it is “not totally wrong,” but nevertheless misses much of the point
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch
Source Criticism
SOURCE CRITICISMSource criticism concerns itself with earlier written documents used in the composition of biblical literature. Formerly called “higher” or “literary” criticism, it mainly applies to the Pentateuch, Isaiah and the Gospels, though not exclusively so. Traditionally the Pentateuch has been
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
SOURCE CRITICISM
SOURCE CRITICISM. 1. The phrase “source criticism” refers to the hypothesis that biblical authors and/or editors used sources when writing and/or compiling OT literature. Many biblical books contain citations to such sources: “Wherefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the Lord …” (Num 21:14); “These