Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The temple to Yahweh constructed in Jerusalem during Solomon’s reign. Represented the Lord’s heavenly residence, His presence among the people of Israel, His holiness, and His creation. Played a central role in the ancient Israelite religious experience and identity.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Temples and Sanctuaries
TEMPLES AND SANCTUARIES. This entry consists of four articles that survey temples and sanctuaries in the ancient world of the Bible. The first focuses on temples in ancient Egypt, and the second focuses on temples in ancient Mesopotamia. The third focuses on temples in Syria and Palestine during the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
House of God
House of God. Common phrase used in the ancient Near Eastern world for a structure used to accommodate a deity or his servants. It referred in the OT to the tabernacle (Dt 23:18; 1 Kgs 8:11–20); the Solomonic temple (1 Kgs 12:27; Jer 20:1), to national shrines, or to pagan temples (Jgs 9:4; 2 Kgs 10:21).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
House of God
Temple [Heb. hêḵāl—‘palace,’ ‘temple’; bayiṯ—‘house’; Gk. hierón—‘holy place’; naós—‘temple’]. The divine “house,” where the deity is perceived as in some sense mysteriously present, and where his cultic worship is carried on.In the OT, RSV “temple” most frequently renders Heb. hêḵāl (or its
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
House of God
HOUSE OF GOD Common phrase used in the ancient Near Eastern world for a structure used to accommodate a deity or his servants. In the OT it referred to the tabernacle (Dt 23:18; 1 Chr 6:31–32), Solomon’s temple (1 Kgs 8:11–20; 12:27; Jer 20:1), national shrines, or pagan temples (Jgs 9:4; 2 Kgs 10:21).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
temples, religious structures, which were probably the most important and most visible institutions in the biblical world. Their prominence as architectural structures on the ancient landscape is a reflection of their integral role in the political and economic structure of ancient society. We think
The Templethe jerusalem temple was the center of Israelite national life in the biblical period, beginning with the monarchy (tenth century bce) and continuing until its final destruction by the Roman legions in 70 ce. Despite the fact that the temple’s existence for over a millennium was nearly continuous,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
TEMPLE. The principal Heb. word for “temple” is hêkāl, “palace, large building” (cf. 1 Kgs 21:1; Ps 45:8, 15; Isa 39:7). It is a loan-word from Akkadian ekallu, in turn borrowed from Sumerian E-GAL, “great house.” In addition to its references to the temple in Jerusalem the word is used of the sanctuary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
TempleA sacred, demarcated place. The English term derives from Lat. templum, a place set aside for the purpose of augury (Varro De ling. lat.; cf. “contemplate”). A Greek cognate, témenos, was a precinct, a piece of land marked off from common uses and dedicated to a god; the term now means the platform
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Temple (Heb. hêḵāl, bayiṯ; Gk. hierón, naós).† A building, generally thought of as the dwelling-place of a deity, in which the corporate worship of that deity is centered. The basic plan of many ancient Palestinian and Syrian temples consisted of two rooms adjoined end to end, with a single
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
TEMPLESpre-canaanite and canaanite period The first temples, shrines consecrated to the service of a god, probably date from as early as man’s first settlements. The earliest known temple in Palestine is that at Jericho (stratum IX), which is of the Neolithic period. It was an oblong structure, with
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
TempleThe Jerusalem Temple was a significant element in the religious, social and political setting of Jesus’ life and ministry. It comes to the forefront most prominently in Jesus’ cleansing of the Temple (see Temple Cleansing) and his words about its coming destruction (see Destruction of Jerusalem),