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Smelting furnace
Occupational Objects
Dictionaries
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Kiln
KILN [Heb kibšān (כִּבְשָׁן)]. The Hebrew word for kiln comes from the root kābaš, “to subdue,” “bring into bondage,” and is used three times in the OT: Gen 19:28, Exod 9:8, 10, and Exod 19:18. In Gen 19:28, the smoke from the burning cities of Sodom and Gomorrah rose like the smoke from a kibšān.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Brickkiln
Brick, Brickkiln. Oblong block of shaped mud or clay that has been dried either by the sun or by burning in a kiln for use in building or paving, and the furnace in which bricks are burned and hardened. Brick was the most extensively used building material in the ancient biblical world, especially common
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Brickkiln
Brickkiln [Heb. malbēn]. Since Palestinian bricks were normally sun-dried in the OT period, the Hebrew word in 2 S. 12:31 is better translated “brick-mold” (AmerTr) than “brickkiln” (AV, RV, RSV, NEB; cf. Nah. 3:14, where RSV has “brick mold,” NEB “brick-work”). Making bricks was considered the task
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Brick, Brick Kiln
BRICK, BRICK KILN Oblong block of shaped mud or clay that has been dried either by the sun or by burning in a kiln for use in building or paving, and the furnace in which bricks are burned and hardened. Brick was the most extensively used building material in the ancient biblical world, especially common
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Brick-Kiln
BRICK-KILN. Oven for baking mud bricks. In the biblical East sun-dried mud bricks were always the cheapest and commonest building material, but were not specially durable (e.g. in rainy weather). Burnt *bricks were almost indestructible. They were used in Mesopotamia for facings, pavements, etc., in
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Kiln
KilnPrimarily an enclosure for firing pottery or burning lime (Heb. kiḇšān, in contrast with kûr, a smelting furnace for metals). Burnt lime was slaked and used for preparing mortar, plaster, and whitewash. Isa. 33:12 refers metaphorically to the process of burning lime. Thistles and thorns were
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Brickkiln
Brickkiln. Because bricks were usually sun-dried in Palestine, Heb. mallebēn is probably better translated “brickmaking” (so JB, NIV; see KoB, p. 527) at 2 Sam. 12:31, which recounts the task David imposed on the Ammonites captured at Rabbah. At Jer. 43:9 “pavement” (see NIV “brick pavement”;
Kiln
Kiln. †A container used to concentrate the heat from a fire in order to bake bread, fire pottery, or smelt ore. In ancient times such devices were made by coiling long, thin rolls of clay to form a large, open bowl, which was then inverted and a hole made in the top; the oven or kiln (Heb. tannûr
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Kiln
KILN — an oven or furnace used for hardening brick (Nah. 3:14). Brick kilns were rare in Palestine; some scholars believe, therefore, that in David’s time the reference is likely to a brick mold rather than to a brick kiln.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BRICK-KILN
BRICK-KILN<brik’-kil>, <-kiln> (מַלְבֵּן‎ [malben]): The Hebrew word is better translated by “brickmould.” In Syria the brickmould is still called milben. In Jeremiah 43:9 the American Standard Revised Version rendering is “brickwork” and the American Revised Version, margin “pavement.” 2 Samuel
Compton’s Encyclopedia
kiln
kilnAn oven for firing, drying, baking, hardening, or burning a substance, particularly clay products but at one time also grain and meal, is called a kiln. The brick kiln was a major advance in ancient building technology because it provided a stronger brick than the primitive sun-dried product. Modern
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Brick Kiln
BRICK KILN Oven, furnace, or heated enclosure used for processing bricks by burning, firing, or drying. Some Bible students believe that sun-dried bricks were used in Palestine; they would translate the word as “brick-mold” (Nah. 3:14 NRSV, NASB, TEV). Others give the neutral translation “brickwork” (NIV,
Kiln
KILN Oven, furnace, or heated enclosure used for processing a substance by burning, firing, or drying. The Hebrew word tannur is used to refer to both the oven used in the home for baking bread and the large pottery kiln. The “pavement of sapphire” (NASB) in Exod. 24:10 probably refers to a glazed tile
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Brickkiln
brickkiln. Also “brick-kiln.” This English term is used in the KJV and some other Bible versions three times, as a questionable rendering of the Hebrew noun malbēn H4861 (2 Sam. 12:31; Jer. 43:9; Nah. 3:14; the NIV translates these occurrences respectively as “brickmaking,” “brick pavement,” and “brickwork”).
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