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Sin
Dictionaries
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Sin, Sinners
SIN, SINNERS. This entry explores the concept of sin—of human deviation from the expressed will and desire of God—as it is developed and presented in the OT and NT.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Sin
Sin. Evildoing seen in religious perspective, not only against humanity, society, others, or oneself, but against God. The concept of God, therefore, gives to the idea of sin its many-sided meaning. Other gods, conceived as capricious and characterless, exercised unlimited power in unbridled behavior;
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Iniquity
Iniquity[Heb ʿāwôn]; AV also PUNISHMENT (Gen. 4:13), MISCHIEF (2 K. 7:9), etc.; NEB also PUNISHMENT, RESPONSIBILITY, GUILT, PENALTY OF GUILT, etc.; [ʾāwen]; AV also WICKEDNESS (Job 11:11); NEB also MISCHIEF, TROUBLE, WRONG (Ps. 119:133), etc.; [ʿāwâ]; NEB DOES WRONG (2 S. 7:14), HAVE ERRED (Ps.
Transgression
Transgression An act of “going beyond” or violating a duty, command, or law. Thus the term connotes lawlessness, iniquity, fault, ungodliness, unrighteousness, and wrongdoing.“Transgression” is used by the AV and RSV primarily to translate Heb. pešaʿ. The NEB on the other hand, translates pešaʿ as
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Sin
SIN Evildoing that is not only against humanity, society, others, or oneself, but against God. The concept of God, therefore, gives to the idea of sin its many-sided meaning. Other gods, conceived of as capricious and characterless, exercised unlimited power in unbridled behavior; they engendered no
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Sin
sin, that which is in opposition to God’s benevolent purposes for creation. The Bible speaks of sin in broad and varied terms. Modern theologians might classify sins as ritual sins, moral sins, spiritual sins, political or social sins, etc.—but no such categories or labels are found within the Bible
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Sin
SINDefinitionMost definitions of sin are too restricted. For instance, a usual definition that sin is selfishness would mean that a father’s stealing food for a starving child would not be sin. Sin is lawlessness declares 1 Jn 3:4, but this is usually understood in too narrow a sense. The law against
Iniquity
INIQUITY. Sixteen Heb. and Gr. words are translated “iniquity” in the KJV. The more important are as follows: Heb. ˒āwen, “iniquity, vanity”; ˓āwel, “perversity, perverseness”; āwôn, “that which is crooked, perversity (most common), depravity, sin.” Gr. adikia, “unrighteousness”; anomia, “lawlessness.”
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sin
SinA reality signifying the broken relationship between God and humanity. The occasions by which this relationship breaks, the need to recognize this rupture, and the avenues for salvation are detailed in endless situations throughout the Scriptures.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sin
Sin. †In essence, the failure or refusal of human beings to live the life intended for them by God their creator. The biblical terminology for sin as an act (and its commission) as well as a human condition is extensive. Among the Old Testament words are Heb. ḥāṭā˒ (verb) “miss the mark, fail”
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Sin
SIN ἁμαρτίαI. The most general word for sin, and the one most frequently used in the NT, is hamartia. It usually occurs in the plural; but it also occurs a number of times in the singular, referring to the totality of sin, or sinning as such—see John 1:29; 8:21, 34; 9:41; 15:22; 16:8, 9; 1 John 1:8;
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Sin
Sin, guiltThere are more than thirty words in the NT that convey some notion of sin, and Paul employs at least twenty-four of them. He makes very little use of the “guilt” terminology in the psychological sense, but it may fairly be said that many of the things he says about sin include the thought
Key passages
Ge 3:6–7

When the woman saw that the tree was good for food and that it was a delight to the eyes, and the tree was desirable to make one wise, then she took from its fruit and she ate. And she gave it also to her husband with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew …

Ps 51:4

Against you, only you, I have sinned and have done this evil in your eyes, so that you are correct when you speak, you are blameless when you judge.

Is 59:1–2

Look! The hand of Yahweh is not too short to save, and his ear is not too dull to hear. Rather, your iniquities have been barriers between you and your God, and your sins have hidden his face from you, from hearing.

Ro 5:12–14

Because of this, just as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death spread to all people because all sinned. For until the law, sin was in the world, but sin is not charged to one’s account when there …

Ro 6:23

For the compensation due sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

2 Co 5:21

He made the one who did not know sin to be sin on our behalf, in order that we could become the righteousness of God in him.

See also
Ge 2:8–4:15; Ge 6:1–12; Ge 13:1–18; Ge 15:1–21; Ge 18:16–33; Ge 20:1–18; Ge 29:31–30:24; Ge 39:1–23; Ex 9:13–10:20; Ex 20:1–21; Ex 29:1–21; Ex 32:1–35; Ex 34:1–9; Le 4:1–6:7; Le 6:24–30; Le 8:1–9:24; Le 14:1–32; Le 15:1–19:8; Le 19:19–37; Le 24:10–23; Le 26:14–46; Nu 5:5–6:21; Nu 8:5–26; Nu 12:1–16; Nu 14:11–25; Nu 14:39–45; Nu 15:22–31; Nu 16:20–40; Nu 18:1–7; Nu 19:1–22; Nu 21:4–9; Nu 22:22–40; Nu 28:11–15; Nu 29:7–40; Nu 32:1–27; Dt 1:34–46; Dt 9:1–29; Dt 15:7–11; Dt 23:15–24:4; Dt 31:14–32:18; Jos 7:10–26; Jos 24:1–28; 1 Sa 2:12–17; 1 Sa 2:22–36; 1 Sa 12:1–25; 1 Sa 14:24–46; 1 Sa 15:10–35; 1 Sa 19:1–24; 2 Sa 12:1–15; 2 Sa 19:19–23; 2 Sa 24:10–17; 1 Ki 8:22–53; 1 Ki 12:25–33; 1 Ki 13:11–14:18; 1 Ki 14:21–15:8; 1 Ki 15:25–16:28; 1 Ki 20:31–34; 1 Ki 21:17–29; 1 Ki 22:51–53; 2 Ki 3:1–27; 2 Ki 10:18–31; 2 Ki 13:1–13; 2 Ki 14:23–29; 2 Ki 15:8–12; 2 Ki 15:17–31; 2 Ki 16:1–20; 2 Ki 17:5–41; 2 Ki 21:1–18; 1 Ch 21:1–30; 2 Ch 6:12–42; 2 Ch 7:12–22; 2 Ch 12:13–16; 2 Ch 20:31–37; 2 Ch 28:9–21; 2 Ch 33:18–20; Ezr 9:1–15; Ne 1:1–11; Ne 9:1–38; Ne 13:4–31; Job 4:1–21; Job 8:1–22; Job 11:1–20; Job 13:20–15:35; Job 22:1–30; Job 24:1–25; Job 31:1–40; Job 33:1–33; Job 34:21–36:23; Ps 4:1–8; Ps 14:1–7; Ps 19:1–14; Ps 25:1–22; Ps 32:1–11; Ps 38:1–22; Ps 40:1–17; Ps 41:1–13; Ps 51:1–19; Ps 59:1–17; Ps 65:1–13; Ps 78:1–55; Ps 79:1–13; Ps 85:1–13; Ps 90:1–17; Ps 103:1–104:35; Ps 106:1–107:22; Ps 119:9–16; Pr 1:8–19; Pr 5:1–23; Pr 10:16; Pr 10:23; Pr 11:31; Pr 13:6; Pr 13:15; Pr 13:21–22; Pr 14:21; Pr 14:34; Pr 16:6; Pr 17:19; Pr 20:9; Pr 21:4; Pr 23:17–18; Pr 24:8–9; Pr 28:24; Pr 29:6; Pr 29:16; Pr 29:22; Ec 5:1–7; Ec 7:1–8:1; Ec 9:13–10:20; Is 1:2–31; Is 3:1–12; Is 5:8–6:13; Is 13:1–22; Is 22:1–14; Is 26:20–27:13; Is 30:1–17; Is 31:4–9; Is 33:10–24; Is 42:21–25; Is 43:22–28; Is 50:1–11; Is 52:13–53:12; Is 58:1–59:15; Is 61:1–11; Is 63:15–64:12; Je 2:26–37; Je 3:6–4:4; Je 5:1–31; Je 8:4–17; Je 11:1–17; Je 13:15–14:22; Je 15:10–18; Je 16:1–17:13; Je 18:18–23; Je 30:1–24; Je 31:23–40; Je 32:26–33:18; Je 36:1–10; Je 36:27–32; Je 40:1–16; Je 44:1–30; Je 50:1–20; La 1:1–2:22; La 3:22–42; La 4:1–5:22; Eze 2:1–3:27; Eze 7:1–27; Eze 11:1–13; Eze 14:1–23; Eze 16:44–59; Eze 18:1–32; Eze 20:33–44; Eze 21:1–27; Eze 23:36–49; Eze 24:15–27; Eze 28:11–19; Eze 32:17–33:20; Eze 39:21–29; Eze 43:1–12; Eze 44:10–31; Eze 45:18–25; Da 4:19–27; Da 9:1–27; Ho 4:1–10; Ho 8:1–10:15; Ho 11:12–14:9; Am 1:3–2:3; Am 3:1–4:5; Am 5:4–15; Mic 1:2–16; Mic 3:1–12; Mic 6:1–16; Mic 7:8–20; Hab 1:2–4; Hab 2:5–20; Zep 1:2–18; Zec 3:1–10; Zec 5:5–11; Zec 13:1–6; Mal 2:1–9; Mt 1:18–25; Mt 3:1–6; Mt 5:27–30; Mt 6:5–15; Mt 9:1–8; Mt 9:10–13; Mt 12:22–37; Mt 13:24–30; Mt 13:36–43; Mt 15:1–20; Mt 18:6–11; Mt 18:15–35; Mt 19:16–26; Mt 26:26–29; Mt 26:36–46; Mk 1:1–8; Mk 2:1–17; Mk 3:22–30; Mk 7:1–23; Mk 8:34–38; Mk 9:42–48; Mk 11:25–26; Mk 14:32–42; Lk 1:67–80; Lk 3:1–20; Lk 5:16–26; Lk 5:29–32; Lk 6:27–38; Lk 7:36–39; Lk 11:1–4; Lk 11:33–36; Lk 12:1–12; Lk 15:1–32; Lk 17:1–10; Lk 18:9–14; Lk 19:1–10; Lk 24:44–48; Jn 1:29–34; Jn 3:1–21; Jn 5:10–16; Jn 7:53–8:47; Jn 9:1–12; Jn 9:24–41; Jn 15:18–16:15; Jn 18:39–19:16; Ac 2:14–39; Ac 3:11–26; Ac 5:22–32; Ac 7:54–60; Ac 8:14–25; Ac 10:34–43; Ac 13:13–41; Ac 21:37–22:21; Ac 26:12–18; Ro 1:18–2:16; Ro 3:1–26; Ro 4:5–8; Ro 4:13–25; Ro 5:6–8:11; Ro 11:11–36; Ro 14:14–23; 1 Co 6:12–20; 1 Co 7:25–8:13; 1 Co 15:1–34; 1 Co 15:50–58; 2 Co 5:12–21; 2 Co 12:14–13:6; Ga 1:1–5; Ga 2:11–21; Ga 3:19–25; Ga 5:16–6:5; Eph 1:3–14; Eph 2:1–10; Eph 4:17–5:14; Col 1:9–18; Col 2:11–3:11; 1 Th 2:13–16; 1 Ti 1:12–17; 1 Ti 5:17–25; 2 Ti 3:1–9; Heb 1:1–4; Heb 2:10–18; Heb 3:7–19; Heb 4:14–5:4; Heb 7:20–28; Heb 8:7–13; Heb 9:6–10:4; Heb 10:11–18; Heb 10:26–39; Heb 11:23–29; Heb 12:1–11; Jas 1:12–18; Jas 2:1–13; Jas 4:13–17; Jas 5:13–20; 1 Pe 2:18–25; 1 Pe 3:18–4:11; 2 Pe 1:1–11; 2 Pe 2:4–17; 2 Pe 3:1–9; 1 Jn 1:5–2:14; 1 Jn 3:4–15; 1 Jn 4:7–11; 1 Jn 5:14–21; Jud 12–19; Re 1:4–8; Re 18:1–8;