SIMON (PERSON) [Gk Simōn (Σιμων)]. The name of a number of persons mentioned both in the Apocryphal literature of the OT as well as in the NT.1. Simon Chosamaeus (Gk Chosamaios), who provided a list of those who were found to have married foreign wives (1 Esdr 9:32; cf. Shimeon in Ezra 10:31).2. Simon
TWELVE, THE. In the gospel of Mark, the Twelve (hoi dōdeka; anathrous in Mark 3:14) are a group of disciples chosen by Jesus to be his special companions (Mark 3:14; 4:10; 11:11; 14:17). They were particularly instructed by Jesus (Mark 9:35; 10:32) and were sent by him to proclaim the coming of the
Simon. Greek form of a Hebrew/Aramaic name meaning “God has heard.”1. Son of Jona (Mt 16:17) or John (Jn 1:42), Andrew’s brother (v 40), and surnamed Cephas and Peter (respectively Aramaic and Greek, for rock, v 42) by Jesus. A fisherman of Bethsaida (Mk 1:16; Jn 1:44), he became an apostle of Jesus’
3. Simon the Zealot (Cananaean). One of the twelve apostles called by Jesus. Only in Acts 1:13 does the RSV actually call him Simon the Zealot (Gk. Simōn ho zēlōtḗs; AV “Simon Zelotes”). Mt. 10:4 and Mk. 3:18 call him “Simon the Cananaean” (Gk. Simōn ho Kananaios; AV “Simon the Canaanite”; NEB
SIMON Greek form of a Hebrew/Aramaic name meaning “God has heard.” Nine men in the NT had this name:1. Son of Jona (Mt 16:17) or John (Jn 1:42), Andrew’s brother (v 40), and surnamed Cephas and Peter (respectively Aramaic and Greek, for “rock,” v 42) by Jesus. A fisherman of Bethsaida (Mk 1:16; Jn 1:44),
Simon (si´muhn).1 Simon Maccabeus, the son of Mattathias Hashmon and ruler of Judea 142–134 bce. Following in the tradition of his brothers Judas Maccabeus and Jonathan, he led the Jewish forces against the Seleucids and won independence for Judea, establishing the Hasmonean dynasty, which would endure
twelve, the, a group chosen by Jesus to accompany him and share his ministry. The twelve are listed in four different places in the nt, but the lists show some variance (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark 3:16–19; Luke 6:13–16; Acts 1:13–14; cf. John 6:70). The most significant difference is that Matthew and Mark both
SIMON. This name occurs in the Bible only in the NT, designating a number of different persons. Perhaps it is a contraction of the Heb “Simeon,” which occurs mostly in the OT, although occasionally in the NT. SeeSimeon.1. The best known Simon was the apostle, often called Peter; so named by Jesus (Mt
SIMON. A later form of the OT name of Simeon (see Acts 15:14, where James uses the older form; also 2 Pet. 1:1, rv mg., neb).1. The chief disciple and apostle of Jesus, who was the son of Jonas (or John) and the brother of Andrew. Jesus gave him the name of *Peter.2. The ‘Canaanite’ (Mt. 10:4; Mk.
Simon (Gk. Sɩ́mon; Heb. šimʿôn)1. Simon, surnamed the Just (Gk. dikaios, also meaning “righteous”), who according to Josephus (Ant. 12.43) succeeded his father Onias in the high priesthood. This places him within the period of Ptolemy I’s rule over Judea (301–282 b.c.e.). A scholion to Megillat Taʿanit
Twelve, theThe central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely on their names (Matt.
Twelve, the (Gk. hoi dó̄deka). The central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely
Simon, St, ‘the Less’, Apostle. One of the 12 Apostles, called in Mt. 10:4 and Mk. 3:18 ‘the Canaanite’ (AV) or ‘the Cananaean’ ( RV and RSV). The Greek word is probably a transcription of the Aramaic, meaning ‘zealous’, which would account for St *Luke’s translation ‘*zealot’ (Lk. 6:15, Acts 1:13),
Simons in the NT. Besides (1) Simon *Peter the Apostle, (2) *Simon ‘the Less’, Apostle, called ‘the Cananaean’ or ‘the Zealot’, (3) *Simon Magus, and (4) *Simon of Cyrene, there is mention in the NT of (5) Simon, one of the *Brethren of the Lord, who has been identified with (2) but is almost certainly