Loading…

Looking to help your church and family stay connected to the Word while social distancing?
Check out our free church library, church online resources, and family resources.

Shoulder
Body and body parts
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Shoulder
Shoulder [Heb. šeḵem—‘neck and upper part of the back’ (Gen. 9:23; 24:15; Josh. 4:5; Ps. 81:6 [MT 7]; etc.), zerô (a)ʿ—‘arm, forearm’ (Nu. 6:19; Dt. 18:3; 2 K. 9:24), kāṯēp̱—‘shoulder blade, shoulder,’ ‘slope, side of mountain’ (Nu. 7:9; Josh 15:8, 10f.; Isa. 9:6 [MT 5]; 11:14; etc.); Gk. ó̄mos
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Shoulder
SHOULDER. The Gr. word for shoulder (ōmos) occurs from Homer down and was frequent in the LXX (47 times in the OT and Apocrypha, HR) and in contemporary writers (Jos Ant. iii. 7.2; 8.9). In the NT it occurs only in Lk 15:5 (the good shepherd lays the lost sheep on his shoulders) and in Mt 23:4 (figuratively
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Shoulder
SHOULDER. The neck, as the place to receive a burden (Gen. 21:14; 24:45; etc.). Twice (Num. 6:19; Deut. 18:3) it represents Heb. word for arm, the foreshoulder offered in sacrifice; cf. the right, or “heave” offering, i.e., “shoulder” (Ex. 29:27; Lev. 7:32–34; etc.). The shoulder, properly so called,
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Shoulder
SHOULDER — the place on the human body where the arm is joined to the trunk. The shoulder is spoken of both literally and figuratively in the Bible. Abraham placed a waterskin on Hagar’s shoulder before she departed for the Wilderness of Beersheba (Gen. 21:14). Rebekah bore a pitcher of water on her
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Shoulder
ShoulderIn the ancient Near East shoulders were used to bear objects. Clothing was draped over the shoulders, and the priest’s ephod hung on his shoulders. People carried large or heavy objects such as water jars on their shoulders (Gen 24:45), and shepherds would carry lambs draped across their shoulders
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SHOULDER
SHOULDER<shol’-der> ([שְׁכֶם‎, shekhem], [כָּתֵת‎, katheph], [זְרֹעַ‎, zeroa`] or [זְרוֹעַ‎, zerowa`], or [זְרוֹעָי‎, zeròah], [שׁוֹק‎, shoq]; [ὠ̂μος, omos], [βραχίων, brachion] (Sirach 7:31 only)): The meanings of the Hebrew words are rather varied. The first (shekhem) has perhaps the widest application.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 5, Q–Z
Shoulder
shoulder. This word is used in the Bible both literally and figuratively. In both cases the shoulder is usually shown as the part of the body bearing a burden. This is natural since it is the only part of the body with an appreciable horizontal portion. The ancients carried heavy objects such as water
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Shoulder
SHOULDER, shōl′dēr (שְׁכֶם‎, shekhem, כָּתֵף‎, kāthēph, זְרֹעַ or זְרוֹעַ‎, zea, זְרֹעָה or זְרוֹעָה‎, zerō‘āh, שׁוֹק‎, shōḳ; ὦμος, ō̇mos, βραχίων, brachíōn [Sir 7:31 only]): The meanings of the Heb words are rather varied. The first (shekhem) has perhaps the widest application. It is used
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
SHOULDER
SHOULDER [זְרֹעַzeroaʿ, כָּתֵףkathef, שְׁכֶםshekhem; ὦμος ōmos]. The shoulder is the upper part of the foreleg of a sacrificial animal, which part is to be given to the priest (Num 6:19; Deut 18:3; Josh 4:5). Shoulder also commonly refers to the human body part as it is used to carry heavy objects