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Shobach
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The commander of the Aramean (or Syrian) army of King Hadadezer during the time of King David (2 Sam 10:15–19; 1 Chr 19:16–19). Shobach invaded Israel but was defeated by David and his men. Shobach then died either from his battle wounds or execution. This led to the Arameans becoming subject to Israel.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Shobach
Shobach (שׁוֹפַךְ‎, shophakh; שׁוֹבַךְ‎, shovakh). The commander of the Aramean (or Syrian) army of King Hadadezer during the time of King David (2 Sam 10:15–19; 1 Chr 19:16–19). Shobach invaded Israel but was defeated by David and his men. Shobach then died either from his battle wounds or execution.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Shobach (Person)
SHOBACH (PERSON) [Heb šōbak (שֹׁבַך)]. Var. SHOPHACH. Aramean army general leading the forces of Hadadezer (2 Sam 10:16 and 18). According to the “Ammonite War Narratives” of 2 Samuel 10 (= 1 Chronicles 19), once Joab defeated the Ammonite-Aramean coalition (2 Sam 10:13–14), Hadadezer mustered his
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Shobach
Shobach. Commander of the army of Hadadezer, king of Zobah, who led the Ammonite-Syrian campaign against Israel. David’s army killed Shobach and so completely destroyed his forces that the Ammonite-Syrian alliance was broken, and the kingdoms that were tributary to Hadadezer became subject to David (2
Shophach
Shophach. Alternate form of Shobach in 1 Chronicles 19:16, 18.See Shobach.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Shobach
Shobach shōʹbak [Heb. šôḇaḵ]. Commander of the Syrian forces of Hadadezer king of Zobah in a military campaign against King David (2 S. 10:16, 18). In the battle at Helam the Israelite forces soundly defeated the Syrians, and Shobach was mortally wounded. He is called Shophach in 1 Ch. 19:16, 18.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Shobach
SHOBACH Commander of the army of Hadadezer, king of Zobah, who led the Ammonite-Syrian campaign against Israel. David’s army killed Shobach and so completely destroyed his forces that the Ammonite-Syrian alliance was broken, and the kingdoms that were tributary to Hadadezer became subject to David (2
Shophach
SHOPHACH* Alternate form of Shobach in 1 Chronicles 19:16–18 (nlt mg). See Shobach.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Shobach
Shobach (shoh´bak), the commander of the eastern Aramean forces of Hadadezer, who marshaled troops to assault David. In the subsequent fight at Helam in the Transjordan Shobach’s forces were beaten decisively, and Shobach himself was mortally wounded. The defeat stymied further Aramean-Ammonite action
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Shobach
SHOBACH. Commander of the Syrian forces of Hadarezer, king of Zoba, in his military campaign against David. The Syrians were defeated and Shobach was killed in battle against David and his warriors at Helam. The Syrians who had been tributary to Hadarezer became subject to David (2 Sam 10:15–19). This
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Shobach
SHOBACH. The Aramaean general in command of the forces of Hadadezer, king of Aram, at the time of the war with Ammon (2 Sa. 10:16–18). He is not mentioned in the earlier operations at Rabbah when Joab and Abishai routed the Syrian army (vv. 10–14), but this could be due to the presence of the king self
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Shobach
Shobach (Heb. šôḇaḵ), SHOPHACH (šôp̱aḵ)The commander of the army of the Aramean king Hadadezer of Zobah. David’s army defeated Shobach’s forces at Helam, and David himself killed Shobach in the battle (2 Sam. 10:16–18 = 1 Chr. 19:16–18, Shophach).
Shophach
Shophach (Heb. šôp̱aḵ)An alternate name of Shobach (1 Chr. 19:16, 18).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Shobach
Shobach [shōˊbăk] (Heb. šôḇaḵ). The commander of the army of the Aramean king Hadadezer of Zobah in the time of David. When the Arameans (RSV “Syrians”) under Shobach fought against David’s army at Helam, they were defeated and Shobach died on the field of battle (2 Sam. 10:16–18). He is called
Shophach
Shophach [shōˊfăk] (Heb. šôp̱aḵ). An alternate name of Shobach (1 Chr. 19:16, 18).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Shobach
SHOBACH A Syrian general in command of Hadadezer’s forces (2 Sam 10:16–18; 1 Chr 19:16–18; where he is called Shophach) during the time of David’s war with the Ammonites. While marching to the aid of the Ammonites, Shobach was routed in the engagement with David at Helam in the Transjordan and was killed
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Shobach
Sho´bach (expansion), the general of Hadarezer king of the Syrians of Zoba, who was defeated by David. 2 Sam. 10:15–18. In 1 Chron. 19:16, 18 he is called Shophach. (b.c. 1034.)
Shophach
Sho´phach (expansion), Shobach, the general of Hadarezer. 1 Chron. 19:16, 18. (b.c. 1034.)
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