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Sheep
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Known as “small cattle” in older English literature. This category also includes goats and distinguishes these animals from “large cattle” (i.e., cows). Sheep were the most numerous domestic animals in ancient Israel, and they are mentioned more than 500 times in the Bible. They feature prominently in ancient archaeological records, were vital to ancient economies, and figure as a significant cultural, literary, and religious trope. Despite thousands of ancient documents mentioning sheep, these animals were not usually included in artistic depictions (von Soden, Ancient Orient, 95).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Sheep
Sheep Known as “small cattle” in older English literature. This category also includes goats and distinguishes these animals from “large cattle” (i.e., cows). Sheep were the most numerous domestic animals in ancient Israel, and they are mentioned more than 500 times in the Bible. They feature prominently
Son of Man
Son of Man (ὁ ὑιὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, ho huios tou anthrōpou). A phrase frequently used by Jesus to describe Himself and His ministry.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Sheep, Shepherd
SHEEP, SHEPHERD. Shepherding was one of man’s earliest occupations. Flocks and herds, always a prominent feature in Palestine and other Near Eastern societies, consisted specifically of cows, sheep, and goats, but could also include horses, asses, and camels; the principal animal, however, owing to size,
Son of Man
SON OF MAN [Heb ben ʾādām (בֶּן אָדָם); Aram bar ʾĕnāš (בַּר אֱנָשׁ); Gk (ho) huios (tou) anthrōpou (ὁ υἱος του ἀνθρώπου)]. A Semitic expression that typically individualizes a noun for humanity in general by prefacing it with “son of,” thus designating a specific human being, a single member
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Son of Man
Son of Man. Messianic title used by Jesus to express his heavenly origin, earthly mission, and glorious future coming. It does not refer merely to his human nature or humanity, as some church fathers or contemporary scholars believe. Rather, it reflects on the heavenly origin and divine dignity of Jesus,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sheep; Shepherd
Sheep; Shepherd In the OT “sheep” most frequently translates Heb. ṣōʾn, a term also rendered “flock.” Other OT terms include keśeḇ (lit “young ram”; e.g., Lev. 1:10; 7:23; Nu. 18:17), keḇeś (lit “young ram”; e.g., Ex. 12:5), and śeh (lit “lamb,” “kid”; e.g., Ex. 22:1, 4, 9f.; Dt. 17:1). The primary
Son of Man
Son of Man The singular indeterminate form, Heb. ben-ʾāḏām, occurs one hundred seven times in the OT (e.g., Nu. 23:19; Job 16:21; Ps. 8:4 [MT 5]; Jer. 49:18, 33; 50:40; Ezk. 2:1), often translated “man”; the phrase occurs forty-eight times in the plural, thirty-two times in the indeterminate form
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Son of Man
SON OF MAN Messianic title used by Jesus to express his heavenly origin, earthly mission, and glorious future coming. It does not refer merely to his human nature or humanity, as some church fathers or contemporary scholars believe. Rather, it reflects on the heavenly origin and divine dignity of Jesus,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Sheep
sheep, a ruminant mammal related to the goat. Sheep are mentioned in the Bible more than five hundred times, and a large variety of terms are employed to describe the different breeds, ages, and genders. Although most of the references in the Hebrew Bible are literal, practically all references in the
Son of Man, Son of Man
son of man, Son of Man.1 An idiomatic way of speaking of a human being, or of humanity collectively. The Hebrew phrase is ben ’adam, which the nrsv often translates as “mortal(s).” Sometimes, the phrase ben ’adam is used in synonymous parallelism with “human being,” as when the psalmist asks, “What
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Son of Man
SON OF MAN. A translation of the Aram. bar˒enās and the Gr. huios tu anthrōpou. The expression has various meanings in Scripture depending on the context. In Ps 8:4 it means “man” generally; in Ezk 2:1 it emphasizes the difference between the human prophet and the Lord who speaks to and through him;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sheep
SheepAlong with goats, the most common domesticated animals during biblical times, evidenced linguistically in biblical and extrabiblical sources and supported by zooarchaeological finds at many sites. Biblical references to herding and to small cattle (Heb. ṣōʾn, miqneh) are numerous, including the
Son of Man
Son of ManA title derived from a Hebrew (ben ʾāḏām) and Aramaic (bar ʾĕnāš) idiom which designates a collective (humanity) or an individual within the collective (human being). Its use as a self-designation for Jesus in the four Gospels and uncertainty about whether it is a christological title
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sheep
Sheep (Heb. ṣō˒n; Gk. próbaton).† Grazing, cudchewing animals similar to goats (Genus Ovis; family Bovidae, which includes goats and cattle). Many terms are used in the Bible to specify types of sheep on the basis of age, sex, and breed. The Bible refers to sheep more than five hundred times;
Son of Man
Son of Man (Gk. ho huiós toú anthrṓpou).† Jesus’ favorite self-designation in the Synoptic Gospels. The appellative arises from Heb. ben-˒āḏām and Aram. bar ˒enāš “son of man,” a Semitic idiom for an individual human being or for mankind in general, particularly as distinguished from
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Son of Man
SON OF MAN בן אדם‎, בר אנשׁ‎, ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπουI. Son of man is a typical Semitic expression (‘son of …’= one of the species of) denoting an individual human being (Ps 8:4; Job 16:21). Paradoxically it comes to refer, in Jewish texts, to a heavenly figure who looks like a human being and, in New
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Shepherd, Sheep
Shepherd, sheepThe pastoral setting of a large portion of Ancient Near Eastern culture made motifs of sheep and shepherding apt descriptions of human and divine roles and relationships. The primary background for the Gospel references to shepherd and sheep lies in the OT where Israel* is the lost sheep
Son of Man
Son of manThe person whose name was Jesus (perhaps more closely defined as “Jesus of Nazareth” or as “Jesus the son of Joseph” [Jn 1:46; 6:42] to make clear which holder of the name was meant) is known by various forms of words in the Gospels and the NT generally. To some extent these forms of words
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Son of Man
SON OF MAN A title that Jesus frequently gave himself. His preference for the expression may be linked with its different possible meanings. At one level, “son of man” is nothing more than a Semitic way of referring to a human being—that is, one who shares in the limitations of a mortal human existence