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Sharuhen
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Sharuhen
Sharuhen (שָׁרוּהֶן‎, sharuhen). One of the 17 cities allotted to the tribe of Simeon (Josh 19:6) following the conquest of the promised land (Josh 6–12).
Shaaraim
Shaaraim (שַׁעֲרַיִם‎, sha'arayim). A town assigned to the tribe of Judah (Josh 15:36). After the death of Goliath, the Philistines fled toward Shaaraim (1 Sam 17:52).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Sharuhen (Place)
SHARUHEN (PLACE) [Heb šārûḥen (שָׁרוּחֶן)]. A site in SW Palestine mentioned in Josh 19:6 in a list of cities belonging to Simeon (Josh 19:2–8). In pre-Israelite times, Sharuhen must have been a major town, since it is mentioned a few times in Egyptian texts (Aḥituv CTAED, 171). When Pharaoh Ahmose
Shaaraim (Place)
SHAARAIM (PLACE) [Heb šaʿărayim (שַׁעֲרַיִם‎)]. 1. A town in the Shephelah district of Judah (Josh 15:36). It is listed after Soco and Azekah, and before Adithaim and Gederah. After the defeat of Goliath by David, the Philistines fled “on the Shaaraim road” on their way to Gath and Ekron (1 Sam 17:52).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Sharuhen
Sharuhen. Alternate name for Shaaraim, a city in Simeon’s territory, in Joshua 19:6.See Shaaraim #2.
Shaaraim
Shaaraim. 1. One of 14 cities in the lowland region of the territory allotted to Judah’s tribe for an inheritance, listed between Azekah and Adithaim (Jos 15:36, kjv Sharaim). Shaaraim was the direction in which the fleeing Philistines tried to escape from the pursuing Israelites following David’s slaying
Sharaim
Sharaim. kjv spelling of Shaaraim, a city in Judah’s territory, in Joshua 15:36.See Shaaraim #1.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sharuhen
Sharuhen [Heb. šārûḥen] (Josh. 19:6). According to the MT of Josh. 19:6, this was a town of Simeon. The parallel text in Josh. 15:32 has Shilhim (Heb. šilḥîm). The Shishak list has š-r-ḥ-m (?) (no 125), which tends to support the latter as the correct reading, since the Egyp r could represent
Shaaraim
Shaaraim shā-əa-rāʹim [Heb. šaʿarayim—‘two gates’; Gk. Sakarim]; AV also SHARAIM (Josh. 15:36). An unknown site in the Shephelah or western foothills of Judah mentioned after Socoh and Azekah. According to 1 S. 17:52, after David killed Goliath the Israelites pursued the Philistines past Shaaraim
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Sharuhen
SHARUHEN Alternate name for Shaaraim, a city in Simeon’s territory, in Joshua 19:6. See Shaaraim #2.
Shaaraim
SHAARAIM1. One of 14 cities in the lowland region of the territory allotted to Judah’s tribe for an inheritance, listed between Azekah and Adithaim (Jos 15:36). Shaaraim was in the direction in which the Philistines tried to escape from the pursuing Israelites following David’s slaying of Goliath (1
Sharaim
SHARAIM* kjv spelling of Shaaraim, a city in Judah’s territory, in Joshua 15:36. See Shaaraim #1.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Sharuhen
Sharuhen (shuh-roo´huhn), an important Hyksos stronghold in the southwest Levant in the seventeenth and early sixteenth centuries bce, captured by the Egyptian king Ahmose (ca. 1560 bce) after a siege lasting three years. Sharuhen was held by an Egyptian garrison at the time of Thutmose III’s great victory
Shaaraim
Shaaraim (shay´uh-ray´im; Heb., “double gate”).1 A town of Judah in the Shephelah (Josh. 15:36; it was somewhere near Azekah in or near the Wadi es-Sant (1 Sam. 17:52).2 The Simeonite city of 1 Chron. 4:31. It may be the Sharuhen (modern Tell Fa‘ra) of Josh. 19:6.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Sharuhen
SHARUHEN. A town in territory of Simeon (Josh 19:6), modern Tell el-Far>ah, 18 miles SE of Gaza. About 1550 b.c., after expelling them from Avaris in the Delta, the Egyptians defeated the Hyksos here after a three-year siege (ANET, p. 233). Sir Flinders Petrie uncovered. 23 foot thick brick wall around
Shaaraim
SHAARAIM, SHARAIM1. A city in the Shephelah or “lowland” of Judah (Josh 15:36) mentioned in close association with Socoh and Azekah. After the defeat of Goliath the Philistines fled along the Shaaraim road on their way to Gath and Ekron (1 Sam 17:52). It is unidentified.2. One of the towns of Simeon
Sharaim
SHARAIM. One of the cities in the Shephelah of Judah (Josh 15:36), spelled Shaaraim (q.v.) in 1 Sam 17:52 and 1 Chr 4:31.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Sharuhen
SHARUHEN. A Simeonite settlement (Jos. 19:6). Egyp. sources mention Srḥn, a Hyksos fortress which resisted Ahmose for 3 years c. 1550 bc, barring his way to further conquests; usually identified with Tell el-Far‘a, 24 km S of Gaza (Albright, BASOR 33, 1929, p. 7). Petrie’s brief excavation revealed
Shaaraim
SHAARAIM (Heb. ša‘araim). 1. On the line of the Philistine flight from Azekah, before the parting of the ways to Gath and Ekron (1 Sa. 17:52). This is compatible with Jos. 15:36. See GTT, p. 318. 2. In 1 Ch. 4:31, for *Sharuhen.J. P. U. Lilley.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sharuhen
Sharuhen (Heb. šārûḥen)A city in the tribal teritory of Simeon (Josh. 19:6, lacking in LXX), usually identified with Shilhim (15:32, assigned to Judah) and Shaaraim (1 Chr. 4:31). Sharuhen is mentioned in an Egyptian document from before the Israelite occupation (ANET, 233), where it is the first
Shaaraim
Shaaraim (Heb. šaʿărayim)1. A town in the Shephelah, or lowland, of Judah and part of that tribe’s inheritance (Josh. 15:36). It is located in the northern part of the valley of Elah, NW of Socoh and Azekah. After David conquered Goliath, the Israelites chased the Philistines from the valley of Elah
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sharuhen
Sharuhen [shə rōōˊən] (Heb. šārûḥen). A city in the tribal territory of Simeon (Josh. 19:6; lacking in LXX), usually identified with Shilhim (15:32; assigned to Judah) and Shaaraim (1 Chr. 4:31). Sharuhen is mentioned in an Egyptian document from before the Israelite occupation (see ANET,
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Farah, Tell El-(South); Sharuhen
FARAH, TELL EL-(SOUTH); SHARUHEN The site is some 14 miles south of Gaza and 16 miles west of Beer-Sheba, near the ancient Via Maris (Roads) connecting Egypt and Mesopotamia. W.M.F. Petrie identified Tell el-Farah with Beth-Pelet (Josh. 15:27; Authorized Version: ‘Beth-Palet’), but W.F. Albright’s identification
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Sharuhen
SHARUHEN A city in southern Palestine allotted to the tribe of Simeon (Josh 19:6). The town was mentioned in Egyptian sources as a Hyksos stronghold conquered by Pharaoh Ahmose I (r. 1550–1525 b.c.) after a siege of three years. It was later used by the Egyptians as a base of operations in Palestine,
Shaaraim
SHAARAIM The name of two towns mentioned in the Old Testament.1. A town in the western hills of Judah (Josh 15:36); it was mentioned in relation to the flight of the Philistines after David killed Goliath (1 Sam 17:52). The precise location of Shaaraim has not been identified.2. A town that was part
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