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Shaphan (secretary)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Shaphan the Secretary
Shaphan the Secretary (שָׁפָן‎, shaphan). The secretary who delivered to King Josiah the Book of the Law that the high priest Hilkiah had discovered (2 Kgs 22:3–14; 2 Chr 34:8–20). The son of Azaliah and grandfather of Gedaliah, who supported the prophet Jeremiah (Jer 26:24) and was appointed governor
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Shaphan (Person)
SHAPHAN (PERSON) [Heb šāpān (שָׁפָן‎)]. 1. A person bearing the title of “secretary” or “scribe” (Heb hassōpēr) who served under Josiah, king of Judah (2 Kgs 22:3, 8, 9, 10, 12 = 2 Chr 34:8, 15, 16, 18, 20; 2 Kgs 22:14). In his eighteenth year (621 b.c.), Josiah commissioned Shaphan to distribute
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Shaphan
Shaphan. 1. Son of Azaliah and the father of Ahikam, Elasah, and Gemariah. He and his household favored Josiah’s reforms, supported the prophet Jeremiah, and complied with Babylonian hegemony.Shaphan served as the royal secretary to Josiah, king of Judah (640–609 bc). He read the book of the Law to
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Shaphan
1. Son of Azaliah. Shaphan was from a family of scribes and was a high ranking member of Josiah’s administration (2 K. 22:3, 8–10, 12, 14, 3; 2 Ch. 34:8, 15f, 18, 20). Josiah sent him to Hilkiah the priest in the year 622 b.c. with the instructions and funds for the repair and renovation of the temple.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Shaphan
SHAPHAN1. Son of Azaliah and the father of Ahikam, Elasah, and Gemariah. He and his household favored Josiah’s reforms, supported the prophet Jeremiah, and complied with Babylonian hegemony.Shaphan served as the royal secretary to Josiah, king of Judah (640–609 bc). He read the Book of the Law to the
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Shaphan
Shaphan (shay´fuhn; Heb., “rock badger, coney”).1 The head of a family of Judeans serving the court at the time of King Josiah (ca. 640–609 bce; 2 Kings 22:3–20; 2 Chron. 34:8–20). He was involved in relaying the book found in the temple to the king, on the basis of which the Josianic reforms were shaped.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Shaphan
SHAPHAN. A prominent official in the court of King Josiah, whose sons and grandsons were also involved in the events of the last days of Judah.Shaphan the “scribe” to Josiah, was in all probability the holder of that office which was at once private secretary to the king and secretary of state, for
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Shaphan
SHAPHAN. 1. The son of Azaliah who was state secretary (av ‘scribe’) to Josiah. Hilkiah reported to him the discovery of the book of the law in the Temple (2 Ki. 22:3; 2 Ch. 34:8–24). He read from this book before Josiah who sent him to the prophetess Huldah. Shaphan was father of at least three sons.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Shaphan
Shaphan (Heb. šāp̱ān)1. The son of Aziliah; a scribe to King Josiah (2 Kgs. 22:9; 2 Chr. 34:15). His grandfather Meshullam and three of his sons—Ahikam, Elasah, and Gemariah—were also scribes (2 Kgs. 22:3, 12; Jer. 29:3; 36:10). Shaphan’s grandson Gedaliah was appointed by Nebuchadnezzar as governor
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Shaphan
SHAPHAN A royal secretary under Josiah, king of Judah (2 Kgs 22:3, 8–10, 12; 2 Chr 34:8, 15–16, 18, 20). He was commanded by Josiah to distribute funds for the repair of the Temple in Jerusalem; while the work was being done, the book of the Law was discovered, and Shaphan brought it to Josiah. Josiah
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Shaphan
Sha´phan (coney), the scribe or secretary of King Josiah. 2 Kings 22:3, 14; 2 Chron. 34:8, 20. (b.c. 628.) He appears on an equality with the governor of the city and the royal recorder. 2 Kings 22:4; 2 Chron. 34:9.
See also
Relatives
Azaliah Father
Ahikam Son
Gemariah Son
Eleasah Son
Gedaliah Grandson
Meshullam Grandfather
Micaiah Grandson
Roles
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