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Shaddai
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A name for God used primarily in the books of Genesis and Job (e.g., Gen 17:1; 28:3; Job 5:17; 6:4, 14). In Genesis, the name appears five times in the compound “El Shaddai” (אֵל שַׁדָּ֥י‎, el shadday; Gen 17:1; 28:3; 35:11; 43:14; 48:3) and once as “Shaddai” (Gen 49:25; though this is likely a scribal error for an original “El Shaddai” since the majority of other textual witnesses read el shaddai). God is referred to as “Shaddai” over 30 times in the poetry of Job (e.g., Job 8:3, 5; 11:7; 13:3). The name is used most frequently in biblical poetry (Gen 49:25; Num 24:4, 16; Psa 68:15; 91:1; Isa 13:6; Joel 1:15). “Shaddai” is commonly translated into English as “the Almighty” or “God Almighty” (the latter for el shaddai), though this sense is likely derived from the Septuagint’s use of παντοκράτωρ (pantokratōr, “almighty”) to represent shaddai in Job. The origin and likely meaning of the Hebrew word remains uncertain, but the most widely accepted etymological connection is to an Akkadian word for “mountain” (šadû). For further information, see this article: Names of God in the Old Testament.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Shaddai
Shaddai (שַׁדַּי‎, shadday). A name for God used primarily in the books of Genesis and Job (e.g., Gen 17:1; 28:3; Job 5:17; 6:4, 14). In Genesis, the name appears five times in the compound “El Shaddai” (אֵל שַׁדָּ֥י‎, el shadday; Gen 17:1; 28:3; 35:11; 43:14; 48:3) and once as “Shaddai” (Gen 49:25; though
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Shaddai
Shaddai. Part of the Hebrew name “El Shaddai,” for God, meaning “God Almighty” (Ps 68:14).See God, Names of.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Shaddai
SHADDAI* Part of the Hebrew name El Shaddai for God, meaning “God Almighty” (Ps 68:14). See God, Names of.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Shaddai
SHADDAI. The transliteration of the Heb. word shadday regularly translated “almighty.” The root idea of the verb form ˒ăbôdâshādad from which it probably is derived means to deal violently; thus the derived substantive describes one who possesses such overwhelming power. The word itself does not
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Shadday
SHADDAY שׁדיI. Shadday is an abbreviation for ʾēl šad(d)ay, “God of the Wilderness”. The name occurs 48 times in the OT; the occurrence in Job 19:29 is disputed. The longer form is attested 7 times: Gen 17:1; 28:3; 35:11; 43:14; 48:3; Exod 6:3; Ezek 10:5; šadday on its own occurs 41 times: Gen 49:25;
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Shadda-i
Shad´da-i (the Mighty), an ancient name of God, rendered “Almighty” everywhere in the Authorized Version, is found in connection with êl, “God,” El Shaddai being then rendered “God Almighty.” By the name or in the character of El-Shaddai, God was known to the patriarchs, Gen. 17:1; 28:3; 43:14; 48:3;
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Shaddai
SHAD´DAI (shadʹī). An adjunct used with the Canaanite-Hebrew name for God, El. El Shaddai denotes the particular character in which God revealed Himself to the patriarchs (Gen. 17:1; 28:3; 35:11; 43:14; 48:3, see marg.). The name is consistently translated in the NIV as God Almighty. Exodus 6:2–3 specifically
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Shaddai
Shaddaithe Omnipotent, the name of God in frequent use in the Hebrew Scriptures, generally translated “the Almighty.”
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Shaddai
Shadʹda-i [mighty, powerful], an ancient name of God rendered “Almighty” everywhere in our Authorized Version. In all passages of Genesis except one (49:25), in Ex. 6:3 and in Ezek. 10:5 it is found in connection with êl, “God,” El-Shaddai being rendered “God Almighty,” or “The Almighty God.” By the
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Shaddai
SHADDAI (Shăʹ dī) Transliteration of Hebrew name for God, often translated “Almighty” following the earliest Greek translation. See Almighty; God of the Fathers; Names of God.
See also
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