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Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Assyrian king who reigned 704–681 bc. Invaded Judah at least once during Hezekiah’s reign and moved the Assyrian capital to Nineveh.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
SENNACHERIB (PERSON) [Heb sanḥērı̂b (סַנְחֵרִיב)]. The king of Assyria (704–681 b.c.) mentioned in connection with the invasion of Judah during the reign of Hezekiah (2 Kgs 18:13–19:37 = Isa 36–37; 2 Chr 32:1–23). In Assyrian the name is spelled Sı̂n-aḫḫē-erı̄ba and means “the god Sin has substituted
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Sennacherib. King of the Assyrian empire from 705–681 bc. His name, meaning “sin has replaced brothers,” may refer to a specific family situation by means of which he, a younger son of Sargon II, came to succeed his father. Before the death of his father, Sennacherib acted as military governor of the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sennacherib sə-nakʹər-ib [Heb. sanḥērîḇ (2 K. 18:13); Akk. Sin-aḫḫê-eriba—‘[the deity] Sin has multiplied brothers.’ King of Assyria and Babylonia (705–681 b.c.), son of Sargon II and father of Esarhaddon. He besieged Jerusalem in the days of Hezekiah. Sennacherib left copious records of his
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
SENNACHERIB King of the Assyrian Empire from 705 to 681 bc. His name, meaning “son has replaced brothers,” may refer to a specific family situation by means of which he, a younger son of Sargon II, came to succeed his father. Before the death of his father, Sennacherib acted as military governor of the
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Sennacherib (suh-nak´uh-rib), king of Assyria 705–681 bce. He assumed the throne of the vast Assyrian Empire convulsed by uprisings on both its southern and western flanks following the death of his father, Sargon II. Babylon and its sometime ally Elam were perceived as the most immediate threat to his
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
SENNACHERIB. This king reigned over the Assyrian Empire 705–681 b.c. His predecessor, Sargon II (q.v.), had laid a good foundation and as a result the Assyrian army stayed at home for the first two years of Sennecherib’s reign. In this time the king devoted himself to rebuilding Nineveh (q.v.). He had
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
SENNACHERIB. Sennacherib (Heb. sanḥêrîb [but possibly pronounced śnhrîb as in Aram. papyri; JSS 21, 1976, p. 9]; Assyr. Sin-ah̬h̬ē-eriba, ‘Sin [moon-god] has increased the brothers’) ruled Assyria 705–681 bc. When his father, whom he had served as governor of the N frontier, was assassinated, Sennacherib
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sennacherib (Heb. sanĕḥērɩ̂ḇ; Akk. Sin-aḫḫē-rība)The king of Assyria (704–681 b.c.e.) who invaded Judah during the reign of Hezekiah. Sennacherib inherited a vast empire from his father Sargon II. While he had to mount some major campaigns, primarily to curb rebellions, nonetheless he was able
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sennacherib [sə năkˊər ĭb] (Heb. saneḥērîḇ; Akk. Sin-aḫḫē-rība “Sin [the moon-god] multiply brothers”).† King of the Assyrian Empire 705–681 B.C. Under Sennacherib’s uncle Shalmaneser V and father Sargon II the kingdom of Israel was ended (722–721 B.C.). Following a two-year campaign
Catholic Bible Dictionary
SENNACHERIB (Assyrian, “Sin [the moon-god] has increased the brothers”) The king of Assyria (r. ca. 705–681 b.c.), the successor of Sargon II. At the time of his accession, Sennacherib faced a series of serious rebellions among the various subjugated peoples in the Assyrian Empire and was compelled to
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Sennach´erib, or Sennache´rib (sin, the moon, increases brothers), was the son and successor of Sargon. [Sargon.] His name in the original is read as Tsinakki-irib, the meaning of which, as given above, indicates that he was not the first-born of his father. Sennacherib mounted the throne b.c. 702. His