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Sea Monster
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A monster of the deep sea or a serpent, often subdued by Yahweh. The Hebrew word tannin is a common noun that can be used for any sort of snakelike creature, but two thirds of the occurrences reflect some sort of great sea creature or sea monster. Those usages frequently make the sea monster identification clear by using the term in parallel with one of the other words associated with the Chaoskampf motif, especially לִויָתָן‎ (liwyathan) (“Leviathan, sea dragon”), רַהַב‎ (rahav) (“sea monster”), יָם‎ (yam) (“sea”), and תְּהוֹם‎ (tehom, “the deep”). For example, tannin appears in context with yam (“sea”) in Job 7:12 and tehom (“the deep”) in Psa 148:7. Several times tannin is used in parallel with explicit names for sea monsters, such as Leviathan (Psa 74:13–14; Isa 27:1) and Rahab (Isa 51:9). Other times tannin is used in parallel with other words for common animals like snakes and lions (Psa 91:13; Deut 32:33). The term is significant when used with Leviathan (Psa 74:13; Isa 27:1) or “deep sea” because it points to both Canaanite beliefs about the terrors of the sea (compare Gen 1:21; Psa 148:7) and the theological concepts of creation and chaos. For more information, see the following articles: Dragon and Sea; Leviathan; Rahab the Sea Monster; Chaos.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Sea Monster
Sea Monster (תַּנִּין‎, tannin). A monster of the deep sea or a serpent, often subdued by Yahweh. The Hebrew word tannin is a common noun that can be used for any sort of snakelike creature, but two thirds of the occurrences reflect some sort of great sea creature or sea monster. Those usages frequently
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Sea Monster
Sea Monster. kjv rendering of jackal in Lamentations 4:3.See Animals (Dragon; Jackal).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sea Monster
Sea Monster [Heb. tannîn, pl tannînîm; LXX kḗtos, drákōn] (Gen. 1:21; Job 7:12; Ps. 148:7); AV WHALE, DRAGON; NEB also MONSTER OF THE DEEP, “water-spout.” In a number of texts the RSV translates tannîn by “serpent” (see Serpent; in the DSS tnyn occurs with this meaning, e.g., 1QH 5:10, 27; CD 8:9f.;
Monster;Sea Monster
Monster; Sea Monster[Heb tannîn] (Gen. 1:21; Job. 7:12; Ps. 148:7; Jer. 51:34); AV WHALE, DRAGON; NEB also SEA-SERPENT, WATER-SPOUT, DRAGON. See Dragon.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Sea Monster
SEA MONSTER* kjv rendering of “jackal” in Lamentations 4:3. See Animals (Dragon, Jackal).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sea Monster
Sea MonsterA large sea creature, real or mythological (also “dragon”/“serpent”). Significant are passages where Heb. tannɩ̂n is parallel or paired with terms like “Leviathan” (lwytn; cf. the Canaanite god Lotan; Ps. 74:13; Isa. 27:1) and/or where the context is “the sea/deep.” Such texts are comparative
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sea Monster
Sea Monster (Heb. tannîn, pl. tannînîm). In Hebrew usage, large sea creatures, whether real or mythological (Job 7:12; pl. Gen. 1:21; Ps. 148:7). Yahweh’s taming of the sea (generally regarded by the Israelites as a strange and dangerous place) and its great creatures became a theme in Israel’s
Whale
Whale (Gk. kḗtos). An aquatic mammal of the order Cetacea, at Matt. 12:40 identified as the “great fish” (so Jonah 1:17) that swallowed and transported the prophet Jonah. The KJV reads “whale” at Job 7:12 (RSV “sea monster”); Ezek. 32:2 (RSV “dragon”).
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Tannin
TANNIN תניןI. Tannin occurs in the OT in reference to a sea monster subdued or slain by →Yahweh (whether as a proper name or as a common noun meaning “sea monster” or “dragon” is unclear). The term is found also in the sense of “serpent” and (arguably) “crocodile”; further, it appears five times in
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Whale
Whale. As to the signification of the Hebrew terms tan and tannƒn, variously rendered in the Authorized Version by “dragon,” “whale,” “serpent,” “sea-monster,” see Dragon. It remains for us in this article to consider the transaction recorded in the book of Jonah, of that prophet having been swallowed
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Whale
WhaleThe Hebrew word tan (plural, tannin) is so rendered in Job 7:12 (A.V.; but R.V., “sea-monster”). It is rendered by “dragons” in Deut. 32:33; Ps. 91:13; Jer. 51:34; Ps. 74:13 (marg., “whales;” and marg. of R.V., “sea-monsters”); Isa. 27:1; and “serpent” in Ex. 7:9 (R.V. marg., “any large reptile,”
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Sea Monster
Sea Monstersea monster (Heb., tannin) a term that can mean simply ‘serpent’ (Exod. 7:9–12; Deut. 32:33; Ps. 91:13) but more commonly a monster of the deep (Gen. 1:21; Ps. 148:7) or even a dangerous sea dragon, one of the foes of God (Jer. 51:34; Isa. 27:1; 51:9; Ps. 74:13; Job 7:12). ‘Sea monster’
Whale
Whalewhale, an aquatic mammal of the order Cetacea. It is identified in Matt. 12:40 as the carrier of Jonah after he was cast into the sea, although the book of Jonah identifies it simply as a ‘great fish’ (Jon. 1:17-2:10). ‘Dragon’ (Ezek. 32:2) and ‘sea monster’ (Job 7:12) are rendered as ‘whale’
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SEA-MONSTER
SEA-MONSTER<se’-mon-ster>: Genesis 1:21 ([תַּנִּינִם‎, tanninim]), “sea monsters,” the King James Version “whales,” Septuagint ([τὰ κήτη, ta kete]), “sea-monsters,” “huge fish,” or “whales.” Job 7:12 ([תַּנִּין‎, tannin]), “sea-monster” the King James Version “whale,” the Septuagint
WHALE
WHALE<hwal>:1. [κη̂τος, ketos] (Sirach 43:25 (the Revised Version (British and American) “sea-monster”); The Song of Three Children verse 57 (the Revised Version (British and American) “whale”); Mt 12:40 (the Revised Version (British and American) “whale,” margin “sea-monster”; the King
Compton’s Encyclopedia
whale
whaleIt weighs as much as 20 elephants but lives beneath the sea. The blue whale is Earth’s largest animal. Larger than the largest of ancient dinosaurs, blue whales can grow to be more than 100 feet (30 meters) long and weigh nearly 150 tons. Not all whales are so large. The much smaller pilot whale
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Topics & Themes
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