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Satan
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The Hebrew word שָׂטָן‎ (satan) means to oppose, obstruct, or accuse. The Greek term (σατάν, satan) literally means “adversary.” In the New Testament, it refers to a title or a name—(the) Satan. The term שָׂטָן‎ (satan) is rendered as diabolos in the Septuagint.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Satan
Satan The Hebrew word שָׂטָן‎ (satan) means to oppose, obstruct, or accuse. The Greek term (σατάν, satan) literally means “adversary.” In the New Testament, it refers to a title or a name—(the) Satan. The term שָׂטָן‎ (satan) is rendered as diabolos in the Septuagint.
Satan, Critical Issues
Satan in the Second Temple Period Surveys the development of depictions of Satan in the Second Temple period, focusing on his portrayed nature, influence, and origin.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Satan
SATAN. The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of the occurrences and an objective analysis of the various uses of the term “Satan” throughout the Bible, as well as within deuterocanonical, pseudepigraphical, and early rabbinic literature.A. In the Old Testament1. Meaning of Satan2. Terrestrial
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Satan
Satan. Spirit being who opposes God and seeks to frustrate his plans and lead his people into rebellion.Satan is seldom mentioned in the OT. The roots of the later idea are expressed in the image of the great monster God subdues (probably in creating the world as in Babylonian creation stories, called
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Satan
Satan sāʹtən [Heb. śāṭān—‘adversary’ < śāṭan—‘be/act as adversary’; Gk. Satan, Satanas]; NEB also ADVERSARY (Zec. 3:1f), DEVIL (1 Tim. 5:15). I. In the OTA. AdversaryB. Angelic Being II. In Intertestamental LiteratureA. Increased Interest in SatanB. Jewish ApocalypticC. Comparison with
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Satan
SATAN Spirit being who opposes God and seeks to frustrate his plans and lead his people into rebellion.Satan is seldom mentioned in the OT. He is pictured as an angel who acts as the heavenly prosecutor (Jb 1:6–12; 2:1–7; Zec 3:1–2). As such, he is called “the satan” or “the accuser,” and there is nothing
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Satan
Satan (say´tuhn; Heb., “adversary”). The figure of Satan is found in only three places in the Hebrew Bible and all of these are often thought to be postexilic in date (i.e., after 538 bce): Job 1–2; Zech. 3:1–2; and 1 Chron. 21:1.In the first two instances, Satan is depicted as a member of God’s court
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Satan
SATAN. The Heb. śāṭān, “adversary,” “accuser,” human or angelic (Ps 109:6, ASV, NASB, 29; Num 22:22), and Gr. Satan(as) is the leader of fallen spirits (Mt 12:24). More than other angels, Satan “excels in strength” (Ps 103:20; Jude 9), yet is spacially limited (Job 1:7) and can operate only by divine
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Satan
SATAN. The name of the prince of evil, Heb. śâṭān, Gk. Satanas, means basically ‘adversary’ (the word is so rendered, e.g., in Nu. 22:22). In the first two chapters of Job we read of ‘the Satan’ as presenting himself before God among ‘the sons of God’. It is sometimes said that in such passages Satan
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Satan
Satan (Heb. śāṭān)Lit., an adversary or plotter, one who devises means for opposing another. In the OT the term (usually accompanied by the article) is applied to both human and heavenly figures who have been assigned the role of blocking the way of the wrongdoer and to act as an agent of divine
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Satan
Satan [sāˊtən] (Heb. śāṭān). In Hebrew usage, any kind of human or supernatural “adversary” (so RSV), including one who attempted to block the way in a determined fashion (Num. 22:22; cf. vv. 32), an enemy one faced in battle (1 Sam. 29:4), an opponent to royal policy (2 Sam. 19:22 [MT
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Satan
SATAN שׂטןΣατάν, ΣατανᾶςI. The proper name ‘Satan’ is an Anglicization of the Hebrew common noun śāṭān. The noun śāṭān has been related etymologically to a variety of geminate, third weak and hollow verbs in Hebrew and in the cognate languages. These proposals include verbs meaning ‘to stray’ (Ar
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Demon, Devil, Satan
Demon, devil, satanFor Jesus and the Gospel writers the Devil, or Satan, is the chief enemy of Jesus and the establishing of the kingdom of God*. In his ministry, especially in his exorcisms, Jesus engages in the first stage of the defeat of Satan in casting out his evil minions. Jesus’ complete defeat
Key passages
Ge 3:1

Now the serpent was more crafty than any other wild animal which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God indeed say, ‘You shall not eat from any tree in the garden’?”

Job 1:6–12

And it happened one day that the sons of God came to present themselves before Yahweh, and Satan also came into their midst. So Yahweh said to Satan, “From where have you come?” Then Satan answered Yahweh and said, “From roaming on the earth and from walking about in it.” So …

Zec 3:1–2

And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of Yahweh; and Satan was standing on his right to accuse him. But Yahweh said to Satan, “Yahweh rebukes you, O Satan! Yahweh who has chosen Jerusalem rebukes you! Is this not a stick snatched from …

Mt 4:1–11

Then Jesus was led up into the wilderness by the Spirit to be tempted by the devil, and after he had fasted forty days and forty nights, then he was hungry. And the tempter approached and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, order that these stones become bread.” …

1 Pe 5:8

Be sober; be on the alert. Your adversary the devil walks around like a roaring lion, looking for someone to devour.

Re 12:9–10

And the great dragon was thrown down, the ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world. He was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. And I heard a loud voice in heaven saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of …

See also