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Sanhedrin
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
(Greek συνέδριον, synedrion; Hebrew סַנְהֶדְרִין‎, sanhedrin). The supreme council in charge of Jewish affairs in Roman Palestine.While the exact makeup and nature of the Jewish governing body in first-century Palestine is uncertain, the varying depictions of the Sanhedrin reveal a group consisting of priests and religious teachers who meet to decide on legal matters with religious, political, and social ramifications.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Sanhedrin
Sanhedrin (Greek συνέδριον, synedrion; Hebrew סַנְהֶדְרִין‎, sanhedrin). The supreme council in charge of Jewish affairs in Roman Palestine.While the exact makeup and nature of the Jewish governing body in first-century Palestine is uncertain, the varying depictions of the Sanhedrin reveal a group consisting
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Sanhedrin
SANHEDRIN. The sanhedrin in Jerusalem, as it appears in the gospels, Josephus, and rabbinic literature, has been understood alternately as the high priests’ political council, the highest legislative body in Jewish Palestine, the supreme judicial court, the grand jury for important cases, the council
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Sanhedrin
Sanhedrin. Supreme judicial council of Judaism with 71 members, located in Jerusalem. It figures prominently in the passion narrative of the Gospels during Jesus’ trial and appears again in Acts as the judicial court which investigates and persecutes the growing Christian church.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sanhedrin
Sanhedrin san-hēʹdrin [Gk. synédrion < syn—‘with’ + hédra—‘sitting place,’ hence “place of those who sit together”; cf. postbiblical Heb. sanheḏrîn]. The Jewish court in Jerusalem from the Persian through the Roman period; it had both religious and political powers and comprised the elite (both priestly
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Sanhedrin
SANHEDRIN* Supreme judicial council (nlt “high council”) of Judaism with 71 members, located in Jerusalem. It figures prominently in the Passion narratives of the Gospels as the body that tried Jesus, and it appears again in Acts as the judicial court that investigated and persecuted the growing Christian
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Sanhedrin
SANHEDRIN. Originally. Gr. term used to indicate such separate bodies as assemblies, councils, and courts of justice in Hellenistic and rabbinical literature. Some scholars have held that in every instance the same body of legalists is indicated. But the contradictions between the Hellenistic and rabbinical
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Sanhedrin
SANHEDRIN, the transcription used in the Talmud for Gk. synedrion (from which Heb. sanhedrîn is a loan-word). Both before and at the time of Christ, it was the name of the highest tribunal of the Jews which met in Jerusalem and also for various lesser tribunals. In evv the term is often translated ‘council’.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sanhedrin
SanhedrinThe hebraized form of Gk. synédrion, meaning “a counsel or assembly.” Sanhedrin is first used in the Mishnah (ca. a.d. 200) as the name of a tractate and occasionally as a term for courts (the ordinary Mishnaic Hebrew word for court is bêt dɩ̂n, lit., “house of judgment”). The use of “Sanhedrin”
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sanhedrin
Sanhedrin [săn hēˊdrən] (Gk. synédrion “seated together,” presbytérion, gerousía, boulḗ).† A council in Jerusalem that functioned as the central judicial authority for Jews. The Sanhedrin is mentioned in the New Testament as the body that sought Jesus’ arrest (Matt. 26:47; RSV “elders” John
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Sanhedrin
SanhedrinThe supreme Jewish religious, political and legal council in Jerusalem in NT times. The term was also used of the smaller courts governing the affairs of the Jewish communities throughout Palestine and the Diaspora.1. Terminology2. Theories3. Origin and History4. Membership5. Powers and
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Sanhedrin
SANHEDRIN The Jewish supreme court, which gathered in Jerusalem before and during the New Testament period. The Greek term synedrion, which is used for the Sanhedrin in the NT, was also used for assorted lesser tribunals. The Sanhedrin served as the highest authoritative body for the Jews as well as
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Sanhedrin
SANHEDRINThe sanhedrin was the supreme Jewish religious, political and legal council in Jerusalem in NT times. The term was also used of the smaller courts governing the affairs of the Jewish communities throughout Palestine and the Diaspora.1. Terminology2. Theories3. Origin and History4. Membership