Samuel anoints David
God told Samuel to go to Bethlehem and anoint one of Jesse’s sons as king. David was the one whom God chose.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Anoint; Anointing
Anoint; Anointing [Heb. māšaḥ (Ex. 28:41; 29:7, 36; 30:26, 30; 40:9ff; 1 S. 9:16; 15:1; 16:3, 12; etc.), dāšan (Ps. 23:5), sûḵ (Dt. 28:40; Ruth 3:3; Dnl. 10:3; Mic. 6:15), mišḥâ (Ex. 25:6; 29:7, 21; 30:25; Lev. 8:2, 10, 12, 30; etc.); Gk. aleíphō (Mt. 6:17; Mk. 6:13; 16:1; Lk. 7:38, 46;
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Anointing, Anointed
ANOINTING, ANOINTED. Persons and things were anointed, in the OT, to signify holiness, or separation unto God: pillars (cf. Gn. 28:18); the tabernacle and its furniture (Ex. 30:22ff.); shields (2 Sa. 1:21; Is. 21:5: probably to consecrate them for the ‘holy war’, see Dt. 23:9ff.); kings (Jdg. 9:8; 2
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ANOINTING The ritual act of pouring oil on a person or thing with the intention of making the anointed one sacred. In a practical, daily sense, anointing was part of the preparations for celebrations or festivals (Deut 28:40; Ruth 3:3; Jdt 16:10). In its deeper religious meaning, anointing served the
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
AnointingIn ancient Mediterranean cultures anointing was the act of pouring or smearing an oil or cream on a person for cosmetic, medical, magical, honorific or ritual purposes. Literary references to anointing make use of both its literal sense and an extended figurative sense, as one would expect
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
anointing. A ceremonial action performed on persons and things to separate them from profane use and obtain on their behalf the infusion of Divine grace. The ceremonial use of oil is common to many religions, e.g. Hinduism, the worship of ancient Greece and Rome, and many primitive peoples. In the OT
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Anointing, in Holy Scripture, is either, I. Material—with oil—or II. Spiritual—with the Holy Ghost. I. Material.—1. Ordinary. Anointing the body or head with oil was a common practice with the Jews, as with other Oriental nations. Deut. 28:40; Ruth 3:3; Micah 6:15. Anointing the head with oil or ointment
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
ANOINTING. Anointing the body with oil was an ancient and widespread custom common among Egyptians, Hebrews, and inhabitants of the Far East, as well as among Greeks and Romans. The purpose was, doubtless, to keep the skin supple and to moderate the evaporation that is so great in hot climates. In Scripture
ANOINTING (Gk. chrisma, “ointment,” “anointing”). The gift of the Holy Spirit as an efficient aid in getting a knowledge of the truth (1 John 2:20). Not that the work of Jesus was imperfect, but the Spirit helps us to understand the truth He taught and thus to glorify Him (John 16:14) in whom the full
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Anoint, Anointing
ANOINT, ANOINTING — to authorize, or set apart, a person for a particular work or service (Is. 61:1). The anointed person belonged to God in a special sense. The phrases, “the Lord’s anointed,” “God’s anointed,” “My anointed,” “Your anointed,” or “His anointed” are used of Saul (1 Sam. 26:9, 11), David
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
AnointingTo anoint literally means to pour or rub oil on a person or thing. Rooted in OT culture the practice of anointing in the Bible symbolizes various kinds of special recognition shown to places (Gen 28:18); temple and its furnishings (Ex 40:9–10); garments (Lev 8:30); kings (1 Kings 1:39; 2 Kings
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ANOINTING<a-noint’-ing>: A distinction was made by the ancient Hebrews between anointing with oil in private use, as in making one’s toilet ( סוּךְ‎ [cukh]), and anointing as a religious rite ( מָשַׁח‎ [mashach]).
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
A-nointʹing, the custom of pouring perfumed oils on persons, places and things. In the East it was of extensive use and wide application.1. Ordinary Anointing. With the Jews, as with other Oriental nations, it was a common practice to anoint the body or head (Deut. 28:40; Ruth 3:3; Mic. 6:15). Abstinence
Key passages
1 Sa 16:1–13

Then Yahweh said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn about Saul? I have rejected him from being king over Israel! Fill up your horn with oil and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have chosen a king for myself among his sons.” But Samuel said, “How can I go? …

See also
Ps 78:70–71; Ac 13:22;