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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Salt A chemical compound composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl) used to preserve, purify, and season food.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Salt [Heb. melaḥ] (Gen. 19:26; Lev. 2:13; Nu. 18:19; Jgs. 9:45; etc.); NEB also SALTPAN; [melēḥâ] (Job 39:6; Ps. 107:34; Jer. 17:6); AV BARREN LAND; BARRENNESS; NEB SALTING, SALT WASTE; [mālaḥ] (pual, Ex. 30:35; hophal, Ezk. 16:4); AV TEMPER; [ḥāmîṣ] (Isa. 30:24); AV CLEAN; NEB WELL-SEASONED;
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
salt. The preservative powers of salt made it a necessity in the ancient world, and seasoning properties made it most desirable. Job asks, “Can that which is tasteless be eaten without salt?” (6:6). Numerous references to the “Salt Sea” (Josh. 15:5; Deut. 3:17) and the Valley of Salt (2 Kings 14:7; 2
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
SALT A number of different uses of salt are disclosed in the Bible. A common association with food in the life of the ancient Near East is intimated by Job’s query. “Can that which is tasteless be eaten without salt?” (Job 6:6, RSV). It is sacred use is seen in connection with the ceremonial offerings
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
SALT. Whereas the Phoenicians obtained quantities of salt from the Mediterranean by evaporation in salt-pans, the Hebrews had access to an unlimited supply on the shores of the Dead Sea (Zp. 2:9) and in the hill of Salt (Jebel Usdum), a 15-square-mile (4,000 hectares) elevation at the SW corner of the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
SaltA crystallized compound chemically known as sodium chloride. It was used generously in the arid climate of the Near East where excess perspiration resulted in the loss of natural body salts. For the inhabitants of the Bible lands, salt (Heb. mĕlaḥ; Gk. hálas, háls) was necessary for life (Sir.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Salt (Heb. melaḥ; Aram. melaḥ; Gk. hálas, hála, háls).† An important preservative in the ancient world, considered essential for life (cf. Ep.Jer 6:28; Sir. 39:26). Moreover, tasteless food could be made more palatable with salt (cf. Job 6:6). Accordingly, the Seleucid Empire normally
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
SALT The use of salt goes back to early prehistoric times, and it has always been considered to be one of the vital elements of human food. The ancient world valued the savor it gave to food (Job 6:6) and it was consumed in considerable quantities (Ezra 6:9). It was also a necessary ingredient in sacrifices
Catholic Bible Dictionary
SALT A vitally important mineral found in great abundance in the Dead Sea region, in particular at the Hill of Salt, a six-mile-long cliff area where ever-changing pillars of salt are shaped by the winds (Zeph 2:9). Salt was used for seasoning and as a preservative (Matt 5:13; Mark 9:50; Col 4:6). Job
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
salt. Owing to its preservative quality salt was a sign of purity and incorruptibility, esp. among the Semitic peoples. As such, it served to confirm contracts and friendship, the covenant between Yahweh and Israel on *Sinai, e.g., being called a ‘covenant of salt’ in Num. 18:19. This symbolism, taken
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Salt. Indispensable as salt is to ourselves, it was even more so to the Hebrews, being to them not only an appetizing condiment in the food both of man, Job 11:6, and beast, Isa. 30:24, see margin, and a valuable antidote to the effects of the heat of the climate on animal food, but also entering largely
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
SALT. Not only did the Hebrews make general use of salt in the food both of man (Job 6:6) and beast (Isa. 30:24), but they used it in their religious services as an accompaniment to the various offerings presented on the altar (Lev. 2:13, “every grain offering of yours, moreover, you shall season with