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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Sacraments Ritual actions undertaken by the Christian Church that are understood as visible signs of invisible divine grace.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
SACRAMENTS. One of certain religious acts, ceremonies, or practices distinguished from all others in Christian rites as having been observed or recognized by Christ and given a certain character by Him. According to some, sacraments were instituted by Christ as the visible means by which divine grace
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
SACRAMENTS. The word ‘sacrament’ (Lat. sacramentum) in its technical theological sense, when used to describe certain rites of the Christian faith, belongs to the period of the elaboration of doctrine much later than the NT. The Vulgate in some places thus renders Gk. mystērion (Eph. 5:32; Col. 1:27;
Catholic Bible Dictionary
SACRAMENT Defined by theologians as a sign and instrument of grace. Sacraments are liturgical rites instituted by Jesus Christ as channels of his salvation to the world. Catholicism has come to recognize seven sacraments, all of which have their foundation in the texts of the New Testament, although
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Seven Sacraments, the
Seven Sacraments, the. Since the 12th cent. the RC Church has held the number of the sacraments to be seven, namely *Baptism, *Confirmation, *Eucharist, *Penance, Extreme *Unction, *Ordination, and *Matrimony. Though the beginnings of these rites can all be traced back to very much earlier times,
Blessed Sacrament
Blessed Sacrament. A term used of the Sacrament of the Eucharist, and applied both to the service itself and more esp. to the consecrated elements.
Sacrament. The word is derived from the Lat. sacramentum, which was used to translate the Gk. μυστήριον (‘mystery’) in the Lat. NT; sacraments are thus means by which Christians partake in the ‘mystery of Christ’ (cf. Col. 1:26 f.; Eph. 3:4, 9; 6:19, etc.). The fundamental mystery is the *Incarnation
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Ordinances, Christian
ORDINANCES, CHRISTIAN. These are “outward rites prescribed by Christ to be performed by His Church” (Charles Ryrie). For most evangelical Protestants, ordinances are symbolic in nature and neither contain in themselves nor convey to others the grace of God. Many, however, call ordinances sacraments,
SACRAMENT (Lat. sacramentum, a military “oath” of enlistment). The term applied to baptism and the Lord’s Supper, which are generally believed to have been instituted for the perpetual observance of the Christian church and placed among its means of grace. As signs they represent in action and by symbols
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
SacramentsVisible holy signs and seals instituted by God so that by their use God may make us understand more clearly the promise of the gospel and put God’s seal on that promise. This is to grant us forgiveness of sins and eternal life, by grace alone, because of the one sacrifice of Jesus Christ on
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Sacramentssacraments, religious rites that confer special graces. Before the word ‘sacrament’ came to have religious connotations, it was used in a secular sense in the Roman world to refer to money deposited in a lawsuit by both parties. The party who lost the suit forfeited the money to sacred purposes.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
SACRAMENT — a formal religious act in which the actions and materials used are the channels by which God’s grace is communicated, either actually or symbolically. The word “sacrament” is not used in most English versions of the Bible. It comes from the Latin sacramentum, which was the word for a soldier’s
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Sacraments. “Not mere marks of profession among men, but signs and testimonies of God’s will toward us, set forth to excite and confirm faith in those who use them” (Aug. Conf. XIII.). “A sacrament is a ceremony or work, in which God tenders us that which the promise annexed to the ceremony offers” (Apology).
Elements. A technical term with reference to the sacraments, always indicating the earthly, visible, tangible sacramental object. Thus, in the Lord’s Supper, the elements are bread and wine; in Baptism, the element is water. The Body and Blood of Christ, or the Holy Spirit and the Word, in the two sacraments
Key passages
Ac 2:38–42

And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized, each one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is for you and for your children, and for all those who are far away, as many as the Lord our God calls …

1 Co 11:25–27

Likewise also the cup, after they had eaten, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes. So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks …