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Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Chicken. Common domestic fowl raised for its edible eggs and flesh.See Birds (Fowl, Domestic).
Greyhound. kjv mistranslation in Proverbs 30:31 (rsv strutting cock).See Birds (Fowl, Domestic).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Chicken There is no reference to chickens in the OT sufficiently clear to specify our common domestic bird. The many references to “fatted fowl” in these older records, in accordance with the text and the history of the other nations, were to pigeons, guineas, ducks, geese, and swans. The importation
Cock [Gk. aléktōr] (Mt. 26:34, 74f par); STRUTTING COCK [Heb. zarzîr moṯnayim; Gk. aléktōr emperipat̄́on] (Prov. 30:31); AV GREYHOUND. The Hebrew of Prov. 30:31 may be read “girt in the loins,”a possible reference to the greyhound or horse. Or zarzîr could be related to the Arab zarzūr, “starling”;
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
CHICKEN* Common domestic fowl raised for its edible eggs and flesh. See Birds (Fowl, Domestic).
GREYHOUND* kjv mistranslation in Proverbs 30:31 (nlt “strutting rooster”). See Birds (Fowl, Domestic).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
cock, a rooster (cf. Prov. 30:31). All biblical references are to a cock crowing, a typical signal of daybreak (Mark 13:35; cf. 3 Macc. 5:23). Jesus says that Peter will deny him three times before the cock crows (or crows twice), a prediction that is then fulfilled after Jesus is arrested (Matt. 26:34,
hen.1 A bird referred to as a “water hen” in Lev. 11:18; Deut. 14:16. It is declared unclean and prohibited for food.2 A mother of chicks mentioned by Jesus in Matt. 23:37; Luke 13:34. Jesus compares his concern for Jerusalem to a hen who wishes to gather her brood under her wings. See also fowls.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Cock. Matt. 26:34; Mark 13:35; 14:30, etc. The domestic cock and hen were early known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, and as no mention is made in the Old Testament of these birds, and no figures of them occur on the Egyptian monuments, they probably came into Judea with the Romans, who, as is well
Greyhound, the translation in the text of the Authorized Version, Prov. 30:31, of the Hebrew word zarzir mothnayin, i.e., “one girt about the loins.” Various are the opinions as to what animal “comely in going” is here intended. Some think “a leopard,” others “an eagle,” or “a man girt with armor,” or
Hen. The hen is nowhere noticed in the Bible except in Matt. 23:37; Luke 13:34. That a bird so common in Palestine should receive such slight notice is certainly singular.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Cock, the
COCK, THE. On tombs this is a Christian symbol of the resurrection, the herald of life after the night of death. It is also a symbol of vigilance. For the bird, see Animal Kingdom.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Greyhound(Prov. 30:31), the rendering of the Hebrew zarzir mothnayim, meaning literally “girded as to the lions.” Some (Gesen.; R.V. marg.) render it “war-horse.” The LXX. and Vulgate versions render it “cock.” It has been by some interpreters rendered also “stag” and “warrior,” as being girded about
Hencommon in later times among the Jews in Palestine (Matt. 23:37; Luke 13:34). It is noticeable that this familiar bird is only mentioned in these passages in connection with our Lord’s lamentation over the impenitence of Jerusalem.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Cockcock, fowl whose crowing highlights the story of Peter’s denial of Jesus in all four Gospels (Matt. 26:34, 74–75; Mark 14:30, 72; Luke 22:34, 60–61; John 13:38; 18:27). Prov. 30:31 so translates a word of uncertain meaning. See also Fowl.
Henhen, common fowl mentioned in the Bible only in Matt. 23:37 and Luke 13:34. See also Fowl.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
ROOSTER — the adult male of the common domestic fowl. All four gospels tell how Jesus predicted Peter’s denial: “Assuredly, I say to you that this night, before the rooster crows [or crows twice, Mark 14:30], you will deny Me three times” (Matt. 26:34; also Luke 22:34; John 13:38).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CHICKEN<chik’-’-n>, <chik’-in> (Anglo-Saxon, cicen or cycen; Latin, Gallus ferrugineus; [ἀλεκτρυών, alektruon], masculine and fem.): A barnyard fowl of any age. The record is to be found in the books of the disciples, but Jesus is responsible for the only direct mention of chickens in the Bible.
COCK<kok> ([ἀλέκτωρ, alektor]; Latin gallus): There is no reference in the Old Testament to domesticated poultry, which was probably first introduced into Judea after the Roman conquest. See CHICKEN. The cock is several times mentioned in the New Testament and always with reference to its habit
HEN (2)
HEN (2)([ὄρνις, ornis]): Mentioned in the accounts of the different disciples in describing the work of Jesus (Mt 23:37; Lk 13:34).
Compton’s Encyclopedia
chickenOne of the most widely domesticated fowls is the chicken. It is raised worldwide for its meat and eggs. The chicken belongs to the group of domesticated birds called poultry, which also includes turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea fowl, and pigeons. The scientific name of the domestic chicken is Gallus
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