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Roman Empire
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The imperial state to which most of the Mediterranean region was subject from 27 bcad 476, beginning with Augustus’ rise to the princeps and ending with the deposition of Romulus Augustulus. The New Testament books, some deuterocanonical literature, patristic writings, Jewish texts, and famous classical writings were composed under the Roman Empire. This article will primarily provide an overview of the Roman Empire’s history and its importance to early Christianity.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Roman Empire
Roman Empire The imperial state to which most of the Mediterranean region was subject from 27 bcad 476, beginning with Augustus’ rise to the princeps and ending with the deposition of Romulus Augustulus. The New Testament books, some deuterocanonical literature, patristic writings, Jewish texts, and
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Roman Empire
ROMAN EMPIRE. The final overthrow of the Roman Republic and the inauguration of the Roman Empire, in which power was concentrated in one man, was a process, not a single event, but the culminating event was the victory of Julius Caesar’s adopted son, Octavian, over his chief rival for power, Marcus Antonius
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Roman Empire
Roman Empire, the lands around the Mediterranean Sea and in Europe ruled by Rome. Although events recorded in the Hebrew Bible took place prior to the consolidation of Roman power, Rome’s influence was strong by the time of the Maccabean revolt (167 bce), and from that point until Rome assumed control
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Roman Empire
ROMAN EMPIRE. The term in its modern usage is neither biblical nor even classical, and does not do justice to the delicacy and complexity of Roman methods of controlling the peoples of the Mediterranean. The word imperium signified primarily the sovereign authority entrusted by the Roman people to its
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Roma
ROMA ῬώμηI. Roma occurs only as toponym and as the name for the capital of the Roman Republic or Empire in Biblical and related literature. As a personification of the city and the republic, Roma attained divine status outside the Bible.II. According to legends the toponym Roma originated from the
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Roman Empire
ROMAN EMPIRERome was a city in the west-central coastal area of Italy that rose from a small agricultural settlement in the eighth century b.c. to become a world power dominating the Mediterranean and beyond by the birth of Christ. The Roman Empire dominated the background of the ministry of Jesus and
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Roman empire
Roman empire1. The first historic mention of Rome in the Bible is in 1 Macc. 1:10, about the year 161 b.c. In the year 65 b.c., when Syria was made a Roman province by Pompey, the Jews were still governed by one of the Asmonæan princes. The next year Pompey himself marched an army into Judea and took
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Roman Empire
RO´MAN EMPIRE. The government of the Romans under the emperors, beginning with Augustus, as well as the territory controlled by the Romans.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Roman Empire
Roman EmpireRoman Empire, the lands around the Mediterranean Sea and in Europe ruled by Rome. While events recorded in the books of the ot took place prior to the emergence of Rome as the sole power in the Mediterranean basin, Rome’s influence was already strong at the time of the Maccabean revolt
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Roman Empire
ROMAN EMPIRE — the powerful pagan empire that controlled most of the known world during New Testament times.Rome was founded in 753 b.c. by Romulus, who became its first king. The little kingdom grew in size and importance, absorbing its immediate neighbors through the reign of seven kings, until the
A Catholic Dictionary
Empire, the Holy Roman
empire, the holy roman. The empire founded by Charlemagne with the aid of the Roman Pontiffs had come to nothing through the degeneracy of his descendants. In 962 it was revived, through the coronation of Otho I. King of Germany, by Pope John XII., and this was called the transfer of the empire from