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Rock
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Rock
Rock Rocks and rock imagery are used in a variety of ways throughout the Bible.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Rock
Rock [Heb. selaʿ (Nu. 20:8, 10f.; 24:21; etc.), ṣûr (Ex. 17:6; 33:21; etc.), ʾeḇen—‘stone’ (Gen. 49:24; Job 8:17), ḥallāmîš—‘flint’ (“flinty rock,” Dt. 8:15; Job 28:9), kēp̱ (Job 30:6; Jer. 4:29), ḥeseḏ—‘faithfulness’ (emended to selaʿ by RSV, Ps. 144:2)]; AV also STRENGTH, GOD (Isa. 44:8),
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Rock
rock. In lands such as those of the Mediterranean basin, rocks are plentiful. They are a danger to ships when near shore (Acts 27:29), but on land they can be used as places of refuge for both animals (Prov. 30:26) and human beings, to hide from either other human beings (1 Sam. 24:2) or God (Isa. 2:19,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Rock
ROCK. In the OT two Heb. words are regularly translated “rock,” sela˓, “crag, cliff” (see Sela; Petra) and ṣûr, “rocky wall, cliff; large piece of rock, boulder.” The Gr. word for both is petra. Sandstone formations are predominant in the region of Petra in Edom, and in parts of Galilee and Bashan
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Rock
ROCK. In the OT rock (Heb. sela‘; ṣûr) symbolizes the security and defence of a steep and inaccessible refuge (cf. Is. 32:2; 33:16). Similarly, it is used of an immovable foundation (cf. Ps. 40:2): to remove ‘the rock’ is equivalent to shaking the world (cf. Jb. 18:4). In an interplay of these symbols
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Rock
RockThe rocky terrain of Canaan provided the background for a rich imagery found in the Bible. From its obvious use for literal hardness (Jer. 5:3; 23:29; cf. Isa. 50:7), “rock” (Heb. selaʿ, ṣûr; Gk. pétra) also included the idea of stable and secure support, such as the stability that God gives
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Rock
Rock (Heb. sela˓, ṣûr; Gk. pétra).† Because of the rocky lands in which the people of the Bible lived (See Sela), it was natural that they used figures of speech referring to stones or rocky places. “Rock” has varied connotations, sometimes involving hardness (Jer. 5:3; 23:29), shade from the
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Rock
ROCK צור‎, סלעI. The name ‘Rock’ (ṣwr) is very common as a metaphor for God in the Hebrew Bible (e.g. 2 Sam 22:3 = Ps 18:3; a few times in Deut 32). Etymologically the original form of the word ṣwr will have been *ẓr, as may be concluded on the basis of the cognates in other Semitic languages (HALAT
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Rock
ROCK Mentioned often in the Bible as a metaphor for stability, solidity, and indestructibility. Usually it is a title given to the Lord, who is hailed as the everlasting Rock of Israel (2 Sam 23:3; Isa 26:4, 30:29). Having begotten Israel as his people (Deut 32:18), he marches to their aid as a rock
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Rock
Rock(Heb. tsur), employed as a symbol of God in the Old Testament (1 Sam. 2:2; 2 Sam. 22:3; Isa. 17:10; Ps. 28:1; 31:2, 3; 89:26; 95:1); also in the New Testament (Matt. 16:18; Rom. 9:33; 1 Cor. 10:4). In Dan. 2:45 the Chaldaic form of the Hebrew word is translated “mountain.” It ought to be translated
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Rock
Rockrock, a large chunk of stone. In lands such as those of the Mediterranean basin, rocks are plentiful. They are a danger to ships when storms drive them near shore (Acts 27:29), but on land they can be used as places of refuge for both animals (Prov. 30:26) and human beings, either to hide from
Key passages
Ps 18:1–3

And he said: “I love you, O Yahweh, my strength.” Yahweh is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, my God, my rock in whom I have taken refuge, my shield and the horn of my deliverance, my stronghold. I called upon Yahweh, who is worthy to be praised, and I was saved from my enemies. …

Mt 16:18

And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overpower it!

1 Co 10:4

and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.