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Purim is established
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Purim
Purim (פּוּרִים‎, purim). A Jewish festival commemorating the deliverance of the Jews in Persia from Haman’s plot against them (Esth 9:26–32). Called Mordecai’s day in 2 Maccabees 15:36. For more information, see these articles: Esther, Book of; Feasts and Festivals of Israel.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Pur
Pur. Hebrew word, meaning “lot,” from which the name of the Jewish festival Purim celebrating their deliverance from Haman was derived (Est 3:7; 9:24, 26).See Feasts and Festivals of Israel.
Purim
Purim. Hebrew name, meaning “lots,” for the Jewish festival celebrating their deliverance from Haman (Est 9:26–32).See Feasts and Festivals of Israel.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Purim
Purim pōōrʹim, pūʹrim [Heb. pûrîm—‘lots’ < Akk. pūrâ (cf. KoB, p. 756a) (Est. 9:26, 28f, 31f); Gk. Phrourai, Phrourim (Ad. Est. 11:1)]; AV Apoc. PHURIM; PUR pōōr [Heb. pûr—‘lot’] (Est. 3:7; 9:24, 26). A Jewish festival celebrated one month before Passover on 14 and 15 Adar, the final month of the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Pur
PUR* Hebrew word, meaning “lot,” from which the name of the Jewish festival Purim, celebrating their deliverance from Haman, was derived (Est 3:7; 9:24–26). See Feasts and Festivals of Israel.
Purim
PURIM Hebrew name, meaning “lots,” for the Jewish festival celebrating their deliverance from Haman (Est 9:26–32). See Feasts and Festivals of Israel.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Purim, Festival Of
Purim (pyoo´rim), Festival of, a minor holiday of the Jewish calendar based upon the account in the book of Esther. King Ahasuerus of Persia was persuaded by his minister, Haman, to destroy all the Jews in his kingdom on a day chosen by the drawing of lots (Heb. purim). The king’s Jewish wife, Queen
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Purim
PURIM. A feast of the Jews that is observed on the 13th and 14th of the month Adar (March in celebration of the deliverance of the Jews from the wicked plot of Haman. The story is recorded in the book of Esther 9:24–32). Haman had obtained permission from the king and had proclaimed that on the 13th
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Purim
PURIM. A Jewish festival celebrated during the 13–15th days of the month Adar. On this occasion the book of Esther is read, and traditionally the congregation in the synagogue shouts and boos whenever the name of Haman is mentioned. The book of Esther gives the origin of the festival. In the reign of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Purim
Purim (Heb. pûrɩ̂m)A springtime holiday in the Jewish liturgical calendar, falling on the 14th of Adar, that celebrates the defeat of Haman and the survival of the Jews in the book of Esther. The word Purim is a Hebraized Akkadian word meaning “lots,” and is thus linked to the lots (Heb. pûr) cast
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Purim
Purim [pōōˊĭm] (Heb. pûrîm “lots”; Akk. pūrû).† An Israelite feast celebrating Esther and Mordecai’s foiling of Haman’s attempt to destroy all the Jews of the Persian Empire. The name derives from Haman’s use of lots (Heb. pûr) to determine the day for the pogrom (Esth. 3:7; 9:24–28).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Purim
PURIM (Hebrew, from the Assyrian puru, meaning “a pebble or small stone used for casting lots”) A feast celebrating the deliverance of the Jews under Esther in the Persian realm (Esth 9:26–31). The name means “lots,” from the fact that the wicked Haman had determined by lot the day of destruction for
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Purim
Purim. A Jewish festival, celebrated in the spring (14 and 15 Adar), which commemorates the deliverance of the Jews from massacre under the Persian Empire (473 bc), as related in the Book of Esther (9:26 ff.). The observance included the public reading of the Book, as regulated in the Tractate ‘Megillah’
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Purim
Pu´rim (lots), the annual festival instituted to commemorate the preservation of the Jews in Persia from the massacre with which they were threatened through the machinations of Haman. Esther 9. It was probably called Purim by the Jews in irony. Their great enemy Haman appears to have been very superstitious,
Key passages
Es 9:20–32

Mordecai wrote down these things and he sent letters to all the Jews who were in all of the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far, to impose on them to keep the fourteenth day of the month of Adar, and the fifteenth day, every year, as the day that the Jews …

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