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Ablution • Cleanse • Cleansing • Lustration • Purifications • Spiritual Cleansing • Spiritual Purification
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Purification, in its legal and technical sense, is applied to the ritual observances whereby an Israelite was formally absolved from the taint of uncleanness. The essence of purification, in all cases, consisted in the use of water, whether by way of ablution or aspersion; but in the majora delicta of
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Purificationthe process by which a person unclean, according to the Levitical law, and thereby cut off from the sanctuary and the festivals, was restored to the enjoyment of all these privileges.The great annual purification of the people was on the Day of Atonement (q.v.).But in the details of daily
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
PURIFICATION — the act of making clean and pure before God and people. The Mosaic Law provided instructions for both physical and spiritual purification. These laws and regulations were much more than sanitary instructions. The act of purification also involved religious and spiritual cleansing.The
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
CleansingThe biblical imagery of cleansing extends well beyond the approximately seventy-five appearances of the word in English translations. The context for this important biblical image is a complex portrayal of what is clean and unclean. To appreciate the image we must rid ourselves of many of our
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CLEANSE<klenz>: “Make clean,” “purify” being a frequent rendering of the original. It is found often (American Revised Version) instead of “purge,” “purify” (the King James Version), renders nearly the same roots, and has the same overlapping phases, as “clean.”
A Catholic Dictionary
purification, as distinct from ablution, is the pouring of wine into the chalice after the priest’s communion, the wine being drunk by the priest. This purification is not of ancient date. “Liturgical writers,” says Le Brun (“Explication de la Messe,” P. v. a. 9, § 3), “down to the treatise on the mysteries
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Purification:—The Purification of the Hebrews was the means employed for eradicating a legal impurity, that placed an obstacle on civil life, and even on family life, because the one who had contracted it ceased to be capable of communication with others. There were more cases of legal impurity for the
Purification (Feast of the).—A feast observed in the Catholic Church on February 2d, in commemoration of the purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary, according to the Jewish ceremonial, forty days after the birth of Christ. Also called Candlemas (which see).
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Pu-ri-fi-caʹtion. In its legal and technical sense this word is applied to the ritual observances whereby the Israelite was formally absolved from the taint of uncleanness. The essence of purification in all cases consisted in the use of water, whether by ablution or aspersion; but in the higher forms
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
PURIFICATION (1. καθαρισμός: of washings before and after meals, Jn 2:6; of baptism, a symbol of moral cleansing, 3:25; of the Levitical purification of women after childbirth, Lk 2:22; of cleansing of lepers, Mk 1:44, Lk 5:14. 2. βαπτισμός: of cleansing of vessels, Mk 7:8).—From the time of the Exile
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Purity, Purification
PURITY, PURIFICATION State of being or process of becoming free of inferior elements or ritual uncleanness. A basic goal of religion is to attain purity before the deity.Old TestamentFlawless The primary Hebrew root word for pure (tahar) often refers to pure or flawless gold (1 Kings 10:21; Job 28:19;
Holman Treasury of Key Bible Words: 200 Greek and 200 Hebrew Words Defined and Explained
CleanseHebrew expression: taherPronunciation: taw HAYRStrong’s Number: 2891Key VersesLeviticus 13:6; 2 Chronicles 29:15–16; Ezra 6:20; Psalm 51:7Two great kings in Judah, Hezekiah and Josiah, set out to “cleanse” God’s Temple during their respective reigns. Ezra used the Hebrew word taher in
Key passages
Jdt 4:2–3

Thus they were very exceedingly afraid because of his presence, and they were disturbed for Jerusalem and the temple of the Lord their God. For they had recently returned from the captivity, and just now all the people of Judah had gathered together, and the vessels, the altar, and the temple …

Jdt 16:18

When they came to Jerusalem, they worshiped God. And when the people were purified, they brought their burnt offerings and their freewill offerings and gifts.

1 Mac 4:36–54

But Judas and his brothers said, “Look, our enemies are broken. We should go up to cleanse the holy place and to dedicate it.” And the entire army assembled and went up to Mount Zion. And they saw our sanctuary stripped bare and the altar profaned …

1 Mac 13:47–48

And Simon made an agreement with them, and he did not fight them, and he moved them out from the city and cleansed the houses in which there were idols. And this is how he entered into it: with hymns and praises. And he removed from it all impurity and settled in it men who do the law, and he …

1 Mac 13:50

And they cried out to Simon to receive his right hand. And he gave it to them, and he removed them from there and cleansed the citadel from the defilement.

See also