The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Protestantism. The original ‘Protestatio’, from which the term derives, was a statement issued by five reforming princes and 14 cities of the Holy Roman Empire at the Diet of *Speyer in 1529. Divided among themselves and outnumbered by the Catholic powers, it seemed vital to produce a united declaration
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
Princeton Theology
Princeton TheologyAn American expression of the Reformed Protestant tradition that emanated from a group of nineteenth century Presbyterian theologians from Princeton Seminary. Three generations of scholars attuned to the WCF shaped many of the theological discourses in America’s Reformed communities.
Protestant Principle
Protestant PrincipleA phrase popularized by Paul Tillich. It is a commentary on the first commandment: “You shall have no other gods before me,” a protest against idolatry, or the worship of “false gods.” The human temptation is always to worship as absolute that which is only relative (political party,
The Dictionary of Historical Theology
Liberal Protestantism
Liberal ProtestantismThe term ‘liberal Protestantism’ admits of no simple definitions. Further, it has been used to describe both those Protestants whose relationship to Christian orthodoxy has been one of radical criticism, as well as those who, while considering themselves wholly orthodox, have sought
Scholasticism, Protestant
Scholasticism, ProtestantResearch on Protestant Scholasticism in the last few decades has reached the consensus that, in the past, the term ‘protestant scholasticism’ had been insufficiently defined, and that the definitions that had been given were often charged with value judgements. Recent historical
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Protestant; Protestantism. The severe measures decreed against Lutherans in the Edict of Worms, May 26, 1521, were modified by the decision of the first diet at Spires (Speyer) in 1526, that “each estate should act, in matters relating to the Edict of Worms, so as to be able to render a good account
A Catholic Dictionary
protestant. The origin of the name was as follows. At the first Diet of Spires (1526) a decree was agreed to, to the effect that, pending the convocation of a general council, every prince of the German Empire should be free to execute the imperial edict of Worms (1521, by which Lutner and his doctrine
Compton’s Encyclopedia
ProtestantismWorld distribution of Protestant denominations.Today the word Protestantism is used to refer to most Christian denominations and sects that do not form part of the Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox groups. Included within the framework
Protestant ethic
Protestant ethicThe term Protestant ethic was invented by the German sociologist Max Weber and used in the title of his classic book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1904–05). He concluded that Calvinism instilled strong values of hard work, thrift, and efficiency. Each individual
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Prot′estant. One of the party who adhered to Luther at the Reformation. These Lutherans, in 1529, “protested” against the decree of Charles V. of Germany, and appealed from the Diet of Spires to a general council. A Protestant now means one of the Reformed Church.Protestant Pope. Clement XIV.
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Protestantism (Causes and effects of).—By Protestantism we understand the belief of the Protestant Churches in all points wherein they differ from the faith of the Catholic Church. The name Protestant, first applied to the Lutherans who protested at the Diet of Spire in 1529, came to be applied to Lutherans
Art (Christian) and Protestantism.—Protestantism, says Cardinal Wiseman, presents no types of Christian art. It has destroyed the types of the past. It excludes as legendary all the most beautiful histories of the early saints; it has quenched all sympathy for the favorite themes of mediæval painting
Ireland (Protestantism in).—Christianity was introduced into Ireland especially by St. Patrick (see Art. Patrick). Ireland, at first independent, came gradually under the rule of England. The Protestant kings sought to subjugate and proselytize the whole island. The first seeds of the new heresy were
Orangemen.—1. Irish Protestants. The name was given about the end of the seventeenth century by Roman Catholics to the Protestants of Ireland, on account of their support of the cause of William III. of England, Prince of Orange. 2. A secret politico-religious society, instituted in Ireland in 1795.
Scotland (Protestantism in).—Protestantism was introduced into Scotland by John Knox, who, in 1542, began his career as a reformer by decrying Church and crown. Being expelled from Scotland, he spent some years at Geneva, where he became a thoroughgoing Calvinist. In the year 1559, he was recalled and
Global Dictionary of Theology: A Resource for the Worldwide Church
African Theology, Protestant
AFRICAN THEOLOGY, PROTESTANTIn 1973, when John Mbiti heralded the authenticity of African theology, many wondered whether there was an identifiable theology that could be branded as African. The riposte was that theology is a human enterprise, reflecting upon God’s relationship to human beings and the
Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition
Protestantism. A Christian tradition arising out of the Protestant *Reformation as distinct from the Roman Catholic and Orthodox traditions. The term itself originated at the Second Diet of Speyer in 1529, where Roman Catholic leaders met to address the unified front of protest against the church within
Dictionary of Theological Terms
ProtestantismThe Biblical system of faith and practice rediscovered by the Reformation* in the 16th century. The name was originally used in 1529 in the Diet of Spires when Luther’s supporters protested against the repeal of a more tolerant edict of 1526, but it soon came to have a wider significance.
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Protestantism. Most broadly, Protestantism denotes the whole movement within Christianity that originated in the sixteenth-century Reformation and later focused in the main traditions of reformed church life: Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist/Presbyterian), and Anglican-Episcopalian (although Anglicanism