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Plow (plough)
Occupational Objects
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ear; Eared; Earing
Ear; Eared; Earing The Hebrew verbs ḥāraš (1 S. 8:12) and ʿāḇaḏ (Dt. 21:4; Isa. 30:24) are rendered by the AV “ear,” “eared,” an obsolete term meaning “to plow” (cf. RSV). The participle ḥārîš is rendered “earing” by the AV in Gen. 45:6 and Ex. 34:21 (RSV “plowing”). See Plow.
Plow
Plow [Heb. (vb.) ḥāraš (Dt. 22:10; 1 S. 8:12; Job 4:8; etc.), ʾāḇaḏ (Dt. 21:4); Gk. (noun) árotron (Lk. 9:62), (vb.) arotriáō (Lk. 17:7; 1 Cor. 9:10)]; AV also EAR (Gen. 45:6; Ex. 34:21; 1 S. 8:12); NEB also TILL (Dt. 21:4), “drive” (Ps. 129:3); PLOWER [Heb. ḥāraš (part)] (Ps. 129:3); NEB
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Plow
plow. Biblical texts include both literal and figurative references to the plow. In the agricultural cycle of the ancient Near East, plowing was a seasonal activity geared to preparation of the soil prior to planting. Practically, it could occur anytime in the rainy season (October–April) or in the dry
Plowshare
plowshare, a sharp iron blade attached to the beam of a plow. Lacking rudimentary iron technology, Israelites of the early monarchic period (ca. 1020–1000 bce) took plowshares for sharpening to the Philistines (1 Sam. 13:19–23). As instruments that can only be used in times of peace, they are contrasted
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ear
EAR1. The organ of hearing, our guarantee of God’s ability to hear (Ps 94:9). Sometimes the external ear alone is meant, as in the piercing of a Heb. slave’s earlobe for a sign of his choosing perpetual slavery (Ex 21:6; Deut 15:16 f.; Ps 40:6); also in the applying of blood on the right ear of the
Plow, Plowshare
PLOW, PLOWSHARE. After the sickle, which was made by placing sharpened flints like wedges in a bone or wooden haft, the plow was the most important agricultural instrument invented by primitive man. Proper instruction for the productive use of these instruments was considered to come from God (Isa 28:23–29).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Plow, Plowshare
Plow, PlowshareThe single-furrow plow was a straight pole (a thin trunk or long branch) that ran parallel to the ground. A yoke enabled the plowman to attach one end to a draft animal; a branch or arm projected down from the pole’s other end at an angle, with a plow point or plowshare secured at the
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Plow
PLOW A tool that cuts furrows in the ground for planting seed. Most plows of the biblical period were made either entirely or almost entirely of wood; some plows were tipped with iron. The larger varieties were designed with a wooden frame to which metal tips were attached, the whole machine being pulled
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Earing
Earing. Gen. 45:6; Ex. 34:21. Derived from the Latin arare, to plough; hence it means ploughing.
Plough
Plough. The ploughs of ancient Egypt consisted of a share—often pointed with iron or bronze—two handles, and a pole which was inserted into the base of the two handles. Ploughs in Palestine have usually but one handle, with a pole joined to it near the ground, and drawn by oxen, cows, or camels.Eastern
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Plow
PLOW. Egypt, probably legitimately, claims the honor of inventing the plow. It was entirely of wood, of simple form, as it is still in that country. It consisted of a share, two handles, and a pole or beam, the last being inserted into the lower end of the stilt, or the base of the handles, and was strengthened
Plowshare
PLOWSHARE. The iron tip of the plow where it enters the earth. To beat a plowshare into a sword is symbolic of war; the reverse of peace.In the KJV, NIV, and NASB plowshare appears in Isa. 2:4; Joel 3:10; Mic. 4:3 as the translation of Heb. ˒ēt. In the NASB and NIV the term appears in 1 Sam. 13:20–21
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Earing
Earingan Old English word (from the Latin aro, I plough), meaning “ploughing.” It is used in the Authorized Version in Gen. 45:6; Ex. 34:21; 1 Sam. 8:12; Deut. 21:4; Isa. 30:24; but the Revised Version has rendered the original in these places by the ordinary word to plough or till.
Plough
Ploughfirst referred to in Gen. 45:6, where the Authorized Version has “earing,” but the Revised Version “ploughing;” next in Ex. 34:21 and Deut. 21:4. The plough was originally drawn by oxen, but sometimes also by asses and by men. (See AGRICULTURE.)
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Plow
Plowplow, a farming implement used for breaking up the earth. Biblical texts include both literal and figurative use of the term. In the agricultural cycle of Palestine, plowing was a seasonal activity geared to preparation of the soil prior to planting. Practically, it could occur any time in the
Plowshare
Plowshareplowshare, a sharp iron blade attached to the beam of a plow. Lacking rudimentary iron technology, Israelites of the early monarchical period (ca. 1020-1000 b.c.) took plowshares for sharpening to the Philistines (1 Sam. 13:19–23). As instruments that can only be used in times of peace, they
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Plowshare
PLOWSHARE — the blade of a plow used for tilling the soil. In early times plows were constructed of wood; but with the development of metallurgy, metal tips were placed over the wood. The prophets Micah and Isaiah spoke of making plowshares from weapons as a sign of the peace to be accomplished in the
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
EARING
EARING<er’-ing> ([חָרִישׁ‎, harish]): The Hebrew word is twice translated “earing” in the King James Version (Genesis 45:6; Exodus 34:21). The Revised Version (British and American) rendering is “plowing”: “There shall be neither plowing nor harvest.” See also Deuteronomy 21:4; 1 Samuel
PLOW
PLOW<plou> ([חָרַשׁ, charash]; [ἀροτριόω, arotrioo]): No implement of the Bible is more frequently illustrated today than the plow. This is partly because there is every reason to believe that the plows still used throughout Egypt, Palestine, and Syria are counterparts of the ancient ones. The first
Compton’s Encyclopedia
plow
plowThe plow is the basic tool for growing crops. It is the first implement used in preparing a seedbed for crops. The plow is used to turn and break up soil, to bury crop residues, and to help control weeds. It can aerate the soil, make it more fertile, and help it retain moisture.Usually pulled and