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Pig
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A pig, domestic or wild. Classified as unclean for food or sacrifice (Lev 11:7; Deut 14:8; Isa 65:4; Luke 15:15–16; 2 Macc 6:18–19). A herd of swine drowned in the Sea of Galilee when Jesus permitted demons to take possession of them (Luke 8:26–39). Jesus speaks of them figuratively when He says, “Do not throw your pearls before swine” (Matt 7:6). The prodigal son had to do the work of a Gentile when he became a swineherd (Luke 15:15–16). The wild boar of Psa 80:13 is the same as the domestic swine.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Swine
Swine (חֲזִיר‎, chazir; χοῖρος, choiros; ὗς, hys). A pig, domestic or wild. Classified as unclean for food or sacrifice (Lev 11:7; Deut 14:8; Isa 65:4; Luke 15:15–16; 2 Macc 6:18–19). A herd of swine drowned in the Sea of Galilee when Jesus permitted demons to take possession of them (Luke 8:26–39). Jesus
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Swine
Swine [Heb. azîr] (Lev. 11:7; Dt. 14:8; Prov. 11:22; Isa. 65:4; 66:3, 17); NEB also PIG; [Gk. choíros] Mt. 7:6; 8:30–32; Mk. 5:11–13, 16; Lk. 8:32f.; 15:15f); NEB PIG; SOW [Gk. hýs] (2 Pet. 2:22).Leviticus 11:7 and Dt. 14:8 forbid the Israelites to eat the flesh of swine. The ancient world varied
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Swine
swine. In the Bible, swine are “unclean animals,” because they have cloven hooves but no ruminant stomach (Lev. 11:7; Deut. 14:8). The pig was domesticated in Neolithic times (ca. 9000–4500 bce) from the wild boar (Sus scrofa), which still roams the Jordan Valley and the Jordanian highlands in great
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Swine
SwineEven though the pig is the best known of the biblically “unclean” animals, it is comparatively uncommon in the Bible (in the NT 8 of the 12 references occur in the Gadarene demoniac story). It is specifically forbidden as food in Lev. 11:7; Deut. 14:8, even though its hoof is cloven. Apparently
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Swine
Swine (Heb. azîr “wild boar”; Gk. hýs “sow,” choíros “pig”). The wild hog (Sus scrofa) was common in ancient Palestine and is still found there. It generally lived in swamps with dense undergrowth, most notably in the Jordan valley, but also in the forests of Mt. Carmel and the coastal plain,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Swine
SWINE Defined by the Law of Moses as unclean animals (Lev 11:7; Deut 14:8), swine could not be eaten (Isa 55:4; 66:17) or sacrificed (Isa 66:3). Abstaining from eating swine became especially important during the period of the Maccabees, when Antiochus IV Epiphanes imposed an aggressive program of Hellenization
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Swine
Swine (Heb. chazı̂r). The flesh of swine was forbidden as food by the Levitical law, Lev. 11:7; Deut. 14:8; the abhorrence which the Jews as a nation had of it may be inferred from Isa. 65:4 and 2 Macc. 6:18–19. No other reason for the command to abstain from swine’s flesh is given in the law of Moses
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Swine
Swine(Heb. hazir), regarded as the most unclean and the most abhorred of all animals (Lev. 11:7; Isa. 65:4; 66:3, 17; Luke 15:15, 16). A herd of swine were drowned in the Sea of Galilee (Luke 8:32, 33). Spoken of figuratively in Matt. 7:6 (see Prov. 11:22). It is frequently mentioned as a wild animal,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Swine
Swineswine, or pig, a stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammal, family Suidae. Swine are ‘unclean animals’ in the ot, because they have cloven hooves but no ruminant stomach (Lev. 11:7; Deut. 14:8). The prohibition against the pig as a food animal for Jews is probably rooted in religious prohibitions
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Swine
SwineThe law of Moses considers pigs “unclean” and not to be eaten by the people of Israel (Lev 11:7; Deut 14:8). While this puts them in a category containing many other creatures, in practice they were a prominent member of this category, since in many other parts of the ancient world pigs were kept
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SWINE
SWINE<swin> ([חֲזִיר‎ , chazir]; compare Arabic khinzir; [ὐ̂ς, hus], Septuagint and New Testament; compare Greek [συ̂ς, sus], and Latin sus; adjective [ὕειος, hueios], as a substantive, the Septuagint; [χοι̂ρος, choiros], Septuagint and New Testament): In both ancient and modern times domestic swine
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