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Phinehas (son of Eli)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Derived from the Egyptian Pe-nehasi, “the dark-skinned.” Son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron the high priest (Exod 6:25; 1 Chr 6:4, 50; Ezra 7:5). Praised for his zeal and protection of Israel’s purity. Plays a prominent role in four significant episodes in Israel’s formative period.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Phinehas, Son of Eleazar
Phinehas, Son of Eleazar (פִּינְחָס‎, pinechas). Derived from the Egyptian Pe-nehasi, “the dark-skinned.” Son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron the high priest (Exod 6:25; 1 Chr 6:4, 50; Ezra 7:5). Praised for his zeal and protection of Israel’s purity. Plays a prominent role in four significant episodes
Phinehas, Son of Eli
Phinehas, Son of Eli (פִּינְחָס‎, pinechas). Son of the priest Eli. His name is derived from the Egyptian word Pe-nehasi, meaning “the dark-skinned.” His brother’s name, Hophni, is also of Egyptian origin.Phinehas, Hophni, and Eli served as priests at the Israelite shrine in Shiloh. The narrative about
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Phinehas (Person)
PHINEHAS (PERSON) [Heb pı̂nĕḥās (פִּינְחָס)]. Var. PHINEAS. The name most likely derives from Eg nḥsj which meant “southerner” (the preformative adds the definite article “the”). “The southerner” was a term which referred to those people from south of ancient Egypt, such as the Nubians, and hence
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Phinehas
Phinehas. 1. Eleazer’s son, grandson of Aaron (Ex 6:25), and Abishua’s father (1 Chr 6:4, 50). During the high priesthood of Eleazer, Phinehas had charge over the keepers of the tabernacle (1 Chr 9:20), as did Eleazer his father when Aaron served as chief priest (cf. Nm 3:32). Phinehas, grieved by Israel’s
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Phinehas
2. The younger son of Eli and brother of Hophni (1 S. 1:3). Phinehas and Hophni outraged the public conscience in their contempt for the sacrificial laws, which prescribe the priest’s portion and insist that fat first be burned as the Lord’s own portion (1 S. 2:12–17), and also for their seeming practice
Phinehas
Phinehas finʹi-əs [Heb. pîneḥās, prob < Egyp pʾnḥsy, “the Nubian” or “the Negro” (see Cody, p. 70)]; PHINEAS [Gk. Phinees (1 Esd. 8:29; 4 Macc. 18:12), Pheinees (1 Esd. 8:2)]; AV Apoc. PHINEES; NEB Apoc. also PHINEAS.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Phinehas
PHINEHAS1. Eleazer’s son, grandson of Aaron (Ex 6:25), and Abishua’s father (1 Chr 6:4, 50). During the high priesthood of Eleazer, Phinehas had charge over the gatekeepers of the tabernacle (9:20), as did Eleazer his father, when Aaron served as chief priest (cf. Nm 3:32). Phinehas, grieved by Israel’s
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Phinehas
Phinehas (fin´ee-huhs).1 A priest, son of Eleazar, grandson of Aaron (Exod. 6:25; 1 Chron. 6:4, 20), and ancestor of Ezra (Ezra 8:2). Phinehas demonstrated his zeal for God during the wilderness period when Israelite men began having sexual relations with women of Moab and, so, became yoked to the Baal
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Phinehas
PHINEHAS1. Son of Eleazar (q.v.). After Aaron, he was the most noteworthy priest of the OT, the third high priest of the Aaronic line, gaining the position after the fatal Nadab-Abihu incident (Lev 10:1–3). Mentioned often in genealogies (Ex 6:23, 25; 1 Chr 6:4, 50; 9:20; Ezr 7:5; 8:2), and remembered
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hophni and Phinehas
HOPHNI AND PHINEHAS. The two sons of *Eli, ‘priests of the Lord’ at Shiloh (1 Sa. 1:3). Both names are Egyptian, meaning ‘tadpole’ and ‘the Nubian’ respectively. They are described as ‘worthless men; they had no regard for the Lord’ (1 Sa. 2:12). They abused their privileges as priests, claiming more
Phinehas
PHINEHAS. A name of Egyp. origin, P’-nḥsy, ‘the Nubian’; popular in Egypt during the New Kingdom (16th to 12th centuries bc). It is borne in the OT by three individuals.1. Son of Eleazar, and grandson of Aaron (Ex. 6:25; 1 Ch. 6:4, 50; Ezr. 7:5), with priestly descendants (Ezr. 8:2). He slew an Israelite
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Phinehas
Phinehas (Heb. pɩ̂nĕḥās; Egyp. pʾnḥsy)1. The son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron (Exod. 6:25), who settled at Gibeah (Josh. 24:33). Ps. 106:30–31 memorializes Phinehas for his righteous act of slaying Zimri for consorting with a Midianite woman in the Israelite camp (Num. 25:1–18). Moses sent Phinehas
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Phinehas
PHINEHAS The name of two priests in the Old Testament.1. The son of Eleazar and the grandson of Aaron (Exod 6:25; Num 25:7; Judg 20:28; 1 Chr 6:4, 50; Ezra 7:5). He was known for his zeal and fidelity to the worship of the Lord, which he demonstrated on the plains of Moab when Israel committed apostasy
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Phinehas
Phin´ehas (mouth of brass).1. Son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron. Ex. 6:25. He is memorable for having while quite a youth, by his zeal and energy at the critical moment of the licentious idolatry of Shittim, appeased the divine wrath, and put a stop to the plague which was destroying the nation.
See also
Relatives
Eli Father
Hophni Brother
Ichabod Son
Ahitub Son
Ahimelech Grandson
Ahijah Grandson
Roles
Related