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Pharisees
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Members of a Jewish party that exercised strict piety according to Mosaic law. The Pharisees were a sect within early Judaism, becoming active around 150 bc and enduring as a distinct party until being subsumed into the Rabbinic movement around ad 135.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Pharisees
Pharisees (Φαρισαῖος, Pharisaios). Members of a Jewish party that exercised strict piety according to Mosaic law. The Pharisees were a sect within early Judaism, becoming active around 150 bc and enduring as a distinct party until being subsumed into the Rabbinic movement around ad 135.
Pharisees, Critical Issues
Pharisees, Critical Issues Surveys modern scholarship on the New Testament’s portrayal of the Pharisees. Since the Gospels focus on the ministry, teaching, and passion of Jesus, they provide only anecdotal evidence of the Pharisees. Scholarly investigation—especially of extrabiblical sources—seeks a
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Pharisees
PHARISEES [Gk Pharisaios (Φαρισαιος)]. Recent research on the Pharisees has paradoxically made them and their role in Palestinian society more obscure and difficult to describe. The three ancient sources—Josephus, the NT, and rabbinic literature—have very limited information which is difficult to interpret.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Pharisees
Pharisees. Religious sect active in Palestine during the NT period. The Pharisees are consistently depicted in the Gospels as Jesus’ antagonists. It is commonly held that the Pharisees represented mainstream Judaism early in the 1st century and that they were characterized by a variety of morally objectionable
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Pharisees
Pharisees fə-rīʹdə [Gk. pharisaíoi]. A prominent religious party in Judaism during the late Second Temple period (ca 100 b.c.a.d. 70), the party most frequently mentioned in the NT. I. Name II. DescriptionA. “Traditional” ViewB. Pharisees in JosephusC. Pharisees in the NTD. Pharisees in Rabbinic
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Pharisees
PHARISEES Religious sect active in Palestine during the NT period. The Pharisees are consistently depicted in the Gospels as Jesus’ antagonists. It is commonly held that the Pharisees represented mainstream Judaism early in the first century and that they were characterized by a variety of morally objectionable
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Pharisees
Pharisees (fair´uh-seez), a group of particularly observant and influential Jews, mainly in Judea, from the second century bce to the first century ce. The meaning of the name itself is obscure. It may mean “separate ones” in Hebrew, referring to their observance of ritual purity laws in ways that separated
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Pharisees
PHARISEES. The term Pharisee is believed to be derived from the Heb. verb pārash. “to divide or separate.” Hence, the Pharisees were the “separated ones,” but the origin of this Jewish group and of the name they bore is uncertain. The “separation” of which their name speaks could be separation in general
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Pharisees
Pharisees (Gk. Pharisaɩ́oi)An important group within Judaism of the late Second Temple period (2nd century b.c.e.–1st century c.e.). Because we have no surviving text written by a committed Pharisee and no archaeological finds that mention them, the reconstruction of the Pharisees’ aims and views must
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Pharisees
Pharisees [fărˊə sēz] (Gk. Pharisaíoi).† One of the parties or movements within Judaism of the late Second Temple period (ca. 150 B.C.-A.D. 70). The Pharisees were noted most for their exact observance of the Jewish religion, their accurate exposition of the law, their handing down of extrabiblical
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Pharisees
PhariseesThe Pharisees appear in our sources as a distinct party in Judaism of the late Second Temple period, with their own vision of what Israel’s* standing as God’s covenant people entailed. Characteristic of the Pharisaic position was their adherence to a body of traditional material (Gk paradosis)
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Pharisees
PHARISEES (Hebrew, “separated ones”) A religious sect or party within Judaism that flourished from the second century b.c. to the first century a.d. In the early first century a.d., there were over six thousand Pharisees, according to Josephus (Ant. 17.42). The name is linked to the Hebrew term meaning