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Pharaoh (Hophra)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Pharaoh
Pharaoh (פַּרְעֹה‎, par'oh; Φαραώ, Pharaō; Egyptian: pr-ʿ3, “great house”). A common title in the Bible for the king of Egypt.
Pharaoh Hophra
Pharaoh Hophra (פַּרְעֹה חָפְרַע‎, par'oh chophra'). Also known as Apries. The fourth pharaoh of the Egyptian 26th dynasty. Reigned 589–570 bc. Named Ḥʿʿ-yb-Re in ancient Egyptian, from which his Hebrew name חָפְרַע‎ (chophra') and usual Greek name Ἁπρίης (Hapriēs) are derived. In the Septuagint he is
Pharaoh of the Exodus
Pharaoh of the Exodus (פַּרְעֹה‎, par'oh; Φαραώ, Pharaō). An unknown Egyptian pharaoh who came into conflict with Moses about the slavery of the Israelites, according to Exodus 5–14. He is often identified as Ramesses II, but this is uncertain. (For more information on Ramesses II, see this article: Ramesses
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hophra (Person)
HOPHRA (PERSON) [Heb ḥopraʿ (חָפְרַע)]. The king of Egypt who opposed Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, in the days of the prophet Jeremiah (Jer 44:30; cf. 37:5). In Egyptian, his name was Ḥʿʿ-ib-rʿ, “Happy-hearted is Re” (Gk Apriēs), which should not be confused with his birthname, w3ḥ-ib-rʿ (Gk
Pharaoh
PHARAOH. Egyptian Pr-ʿ (pronounced something like *pārĕṓ), literally (the) “Great House;” a later designation of the king of Egypt.The monarch who sat on the throne of Egypt was traditionally accorded a number of names and titles encompassing his divine and terrestrial roles in the scheme of things:
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hophra
Hophra. Son of Psammis, ruler over Egypt from 589–570 bc. during the 26th dynasty, called Pharaoh Hophra in Jeremiah 44:30. He is also referred to as Apries (Herodotus II.161; Diodorus 1.69) or Onophra (Manetha; Septuagint Jer 51:30). Although he is alluded to several times during the divided kingdom
Pharaoh
Pharaoh. Ruler over Egypt also known as “the King of Upper and Lower Egypt.” He lived in a palace known as the “great house,” which was the symbol of his authority. The Egyptian word for the palace was applied to the kings of the New Kingdom (c. 1550–1070 bc). As king, the pharaoh personified the rule
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hophra
Hophrahof’r« [Heb. ḥop̱raʿ; Gk. Houaphrē; Egyp Haʿaʿibrēʿ; Waḥibrēʿ]. The Apries of the Greeks (e.g., Herodotus ii.169), the fourth king of the 26th Dynasty, who ruled 589–570 b.c. Heb. Ḥop̱raʿ is derived from Egyp (Wa)ḥibrēʿ, the king’s personal name.In 589 b.c., Zedekiah of Judah broke his
Pharaoh
Pharaoh fāʹrō, fāʹrā-ō [Heb. parʿōh; Gk. pharaṓ; Egyp pr-ʿ3—‘great house’]. The common OT title for the kings of ancient Egypt. It derives from a phrase used for the royal palace and court until the New Kingdom when, in the mid-18th Dynasty, it came to be used of the king himself. It first so occurs
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hophra
HOPHRA Son of Psammis, ruler over Egypt from 589–570 bc during the 26th dynasty. Called Pharaoh Hophra in Jeremiah 44:30, although he is alluded to several other times during the divided kingdom period (Jer 37:5; 43:8–13; Ez 29:1–3; 31:1–18).He came to power after the death of his father, and in 589
Pharaoh
PHARAOH Ruler over Egypt also known as “the King of Upper and Lower Egypt.” He lived in a palace known as the “great house,” which was the symbol of his authority. The Egyptian word for the palace was applied to the kings themselves during the New Kingdom (c. 1550–1070 bc). As king, the pharaoh personified
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Pharaoh
Pharaoh (fair´oh; Egyptian, “great house”), the Hebrew word for the title held by the king of Egypt. Sometimes the word is used in the Bible without further designation, as though it were the Egyptian ruler’s name (e.g., Gen. 12:15–20). At other times it is used with a ruler’s name (e.g., “Pharaoh Hophra,”
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Pharaoh
PHARAOH. (Heb. pa˓rô; Gr. pharaō; Akkad. pi˓ru, pi˓rū; Egyptian pr—,” “the great house”). In the Old Kingdom period, as early as c. 2500 b.c., the palace was called “the great house.” It was not until the time of the 18th Dynasty, c. 1500 b.c., that it became the title of the person living in the
Pharaoh-Hophra
PHARAOH-HOPHRA. The fourth king of the 26th Dynasty of Egypt (Jer 44:30), who ruled at Sais in the Delta (588–569 b.c.), called Apries by the Greeks. Hophra continued the anti-Babylonia policy of his predecessors, and early in his reign marched to the assistance of King Zedekiah of Judah, causing the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hophra
HOPHRA. The pharaoh Ha‘a‘ibrē‘Waḥibrē; Gk. Apries, 4th king of the 26th Dynasty, who reigned for 19 years, from 589 to 570 bc. He was an impetuous king, over-ambitious to meddle in Palestinian affairs. The Heb. form ḥôp̱râ‘ is best derived from his personal name, (Wa)hibrē‘, precisely as with
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hophra
Hophra (Heb. ḥop̱raʿ; Egyp. wʒḥ-ib-rʿ; Gk. Apriēs)The fourth king of the 26th (Saite) Dynasty of Egypt (589–570 b.c.e.). Hophra (Apries) continued the policy of his father, Psammeticus II, by intervening in affairs in Palestine. In 588 b.c.e. Zedekiah rebelled against Babylon, perhaps with the help
Pharaoh
PharaohEgyp. pr-ʿʒ (lit., “Great House”), originally designating the royal palace of the king of Egypt. By the 18th Dynasty (ca. 1560–1320 b.c.) “pharaoh” designated not only the royal residence, but royal authority, personified in the king himself, much like “White House” might refer to the U.S. President’s
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hophra
Hophra [hŏfˊrə] (Heb. ḥop̱ra˓; Egyp. wƷḥ-ib-r˓ “the heart of Ra endures”; Gk. Apries).† An Egyptian pharaoh of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty, who ruled 589–570 B.C. Responding to King Zedekiah’s plea for assistance in his rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon (cf. Ezek. 17:11–21), Hophra
Pharaoh
Pharaoh [fârˊō] (Heb. par˓ōh; Gk. Pharaō; Egypt. pr-˓Ʒ “great house, palace”). Title of the Egyptian monarch. During the New Kingdom (fourteenth-tenth centuries B.C., roughly parallel to Moses and the Exodus), the title is used as if it were a personal name (e.g., Gen. 12:15–20; Exod. 6:11;
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hophra
HOPHRA A pharaoh of Egypt, the fourth king of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty, who succeeded Psamtik II (Psammetichos) in 589 b.c. He sought to oppose the advance of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and so supported King Zedekiah. He compelled the Babylonians briefly to lift their siege of Jerusalem (Jer 37:5–11),
Pharaoh
PHARAOH (Egyptian, “great house”) The title used for the king of Egypt from the time of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (ca. 1550–1295 b.c.). Initially the title “Pharaoh” was not used for the rulers of Egypt, but for the massive royal palace complex at Memphis from the third millennium b.c. Early in
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Pharaoh
Pha´raoh, the common title of the native kings of Egypt in the Bible, corresponding to P-ra or Ph-ra, “the sun,” of the hieroglyphics. Brugsch, Ebers, and other modern Egyptologists define it to mean “the great house,” which would correspond to our “the Sublime Porte.” As several kings are mentioned
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