An apostle of Jesus Christ and one of the three named pillars of the early church in Jerusalem. Peter was the first Christian missionary to the Gentiles, a Christian missionary to the Jews, and a Christian martyr in Rome. Also called Cephas.
Peter the Apostle (Πέτρος, Petros). An apostle of Jesus Christ and one of the three named pillars of the early church in Jerusalem. Peter was the first Christian missionary to the Gentiles, a Christian missionary to the Jews, and a Christian martyr in Rome. Also called Cephas.
SIMEON (PERSON) [Heb šimʿôn (שִׁמְעֹון)]. SIMEONITE. 1. The second son of Leah and Jacob and the full brother of Reuben, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah. Simeon is also the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory is found within the S limits of Judah. The etymology is obscure, but
SIMON (PERSON) [Gk Simōn (Σιμων)]. The name of a number of persons mentioned both in the Apocryphal literature of the OT as well as in the NT.1. Simon Chosamaeus (Gk Chosamaios), who provided a list of those who were found to have married foreign wives (1 Esdr 9:32; cf. Shimeon in Ezra 10:31).2. Simon
TWELVE, THE. In the gospel of Mark, the Twelve (hoi dōdeka; anathrous in Mark 3:14) are a group of disciples chosen by Jesus to be his special companions (Mark 3:14; 4:10; 11:11; 14:17). They were particularly instructed by Jesus (Mark 9:35; 10:32) and were sent by him to proclaim the coming of the
Peter, The Apostle. One of Jesus’ 12 disciples who rose to preeminence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards. There are actually four forms of his name in the NT: the Hebrew/Greek Simeon/Simon and the Aramaic/Greek Cephas/Petros. His given name was Simon bar-Jonah
Bar-Jona. Aramaic form of Simon Peter’s surname, meaning “son of Jonah” (Mt 16:17). Another variant of the name appears in John 1:42 and 21:15–17, where the best Greek texts have “son of John” rather than “son of Jona(s)” (kjv).SeePeter, The Apostle.
Simeon (Person). 1. Second of the 12 sons of Jacob (Gn 35:23; 1 Chr 2:1) and the second son borne to him by Leah (Gn 29:33). Simeon fathered six sons (Ex 6:15) and settled his family in Egypt with Jacob and his brothers (1:2). He was the founder of the Simeonites (Nm 26:12–14) and one of the 12 tribes
Simon. Greek form of a Hebrew/Aramaic name meaning “God has heard.”1. Son of Jona (Mt 16:17) or John (Jn 1:42), Andrew’s brother (v 40), and surnamed Cephas and Peter (respectively Aramaic and Greek, for rock, v 42) by Jesus. A fisherman of Bethsaida (Mk 1:16; Jn 1:44), he became an apostle of Jesus’
Peter [Gk. Petros, for Kēphas < Aram kêp̱āʾ]. A disciple of Jesus and apostle of the early Church.The NT literature gives prominent place to Peter, whose life and ministry fall conveniently into the three categories indicated by O. Cullmann’s comprehensive study, Peter: Disciple-Apostle-Martyr.
Bar-Jonahbăr-jōʹnə [GK. Bar-iōnas]. Simon Peter’s patronymic (Mt. 16:17). Bar is Aramaic for “son” (cf. Bar-timaeus, Bartholomew, etc.), and corresponds to Heb. bēn. This would indicate that Peter’s father’s name was Jonah. But in Jn. 1:42; 21:15–17, according to the best reading, his name is given
PETER, THE APOSTLE One of the 12 disciples; rose to prominence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards.There are actually four forms of Peter’s name in the New Testament: the Hebrew translated into Greek, “Simeon” to “Simon,” and the Aramaic translated into
BAR-JONA* Aramaic form of Simon Peter’s surname, meaning “son of Jonah” (Mt 16:17). Another variant of the name appears in John 1:42 and 21:15–17, where the best Greek texts have “son of John” rather than “son of Jona[s]” (kjv). SeeSimon Peter.
SIMEON (Person)1. Second of the 12 sons of Jacob (Gn 35:23; 1 Chr 2:1) and the second son borne to him by Leah (Gn 29:33). Simeon fathered six sons (Ex 6:15) and settled his family in Egypt with Jacob and his brothers (1:2). He was the founder of the Simeonites (Nm 26:12–14) and one of the 12 tribes
SIMON Greek form of a Hebrew/Aramaic name meaning “God has heard.” Nine men in the NT had this name:1. Son of Jona (Mt 16:17) or John (Jn 1:42), Andrew’s brother (v 40), and surnamed Cephas and Peter (respectively Aramaic and Greek, for “rock,” v 42) by Jesus. A fisherman of Bethsaida (Mk 1:16; Jn 1:44),
Peterpeter was a galilean and one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. His given name was Simon, but Jesus bestowed upon him the nickname “Peter” (GK., “rock”; Matt. 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14). He is sometimes referred to as Cephas, the Aramaic version of that name, which Jesus would no doubt have actually
Simeon (sim´ee-uhn; Heb., “to hear”).1 The second son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:33). Simeon and his brother Levi massacred the men of Shechem to avenge the rape of their sister, Dinah (Gen. 34, recalled in Jth. 9:1–4). Simeon was later held hostage in Egypt when Joseph sent the other brothers back
Simon (si´muhn).1 Simon Maccabeus, the son of Mattathias Hashmon and ruler of Judea 142–134 bce. Following in the tradition of his brothers Judas Maccabeus and Jonathan, he led the Jewish forces against the Seleucids and won independence for Judea, establishing the Hasmonean dynasty, which would endure
twelve, the, a group chosen by Jesus to accompany him and share his ministry. The twelve are listed in four different places in the nt, but the lists show some variance (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark 3:16–19; Luke 6:13–16; Acts 1:13–14; cf. John 6:70). The most significant difference is that Matthew and Mark both
PETER. One of the earliest and most prominent disciples of Jesus. Several names are given him: the Heb. name Simeon (Acts 15:14) and Gr. Simon, after a son of Jacob whose descendants became one of the tribes of Israel; Cephas (Jn 1:43) and Peter, both meaning “rock.” SeeSimeon; Simon; Cephas.Origin
SIMEON1. The second son of Jacob by his wife Leah (Gen 29:33), but not one of the major figures in Israel’s history. He is better known as a secondary figure in his association with his brother Judah. With his full brothers Reuben, Levi, and Judah, he became the leader in avenging the rape of his sister
SIMON. This name occurs in the Bible only in the NT, designating a number of different persons. Perhaps it is a contraction of the Heb “Simeon,” which occurs mostly in the OT, although occasionally in the NT. SeeSimeon.1. The best known Simon was the apostle, often called Peter; so named by Jesus (Mt
SIMEON. 1. The second son of Jacob by Leah (Gn. 29:33). Heb. šim‘on was derived from šāma‘, (‘to hear’), and its significance is given in Gn. 29:33. Simeon took part with Levi in the massacre of the men of Shechem for dishonouring their sister Dinah (Gn. 34). He also played a prominent part in the
SIMON. A later form of the OT name of Simeon (see Acts 15:14, where James uses the older form; also 2 Pet. 1:1, rv mg., neb).1. The chief disciple and apostle of Jesus, who was the son of Jonas (or John) and the brother of Andrew. Jesus gave him the name of *Peter.2. The ‘Canaanite’ (Mt. 10:4; Mk.
Peter (Gk. Pétros)Simon bar Jonah, nicknamed Cephas or Peter (Aramaic and Greek for “rock”) by Jesus. Since Simon was a common Jewish name and a number of others are mentioned in the Gospels and Acts, the nickname became the common designation for the man, although the Gospels report Jesus often calling
Bar-Jona (Gk. Bariōnás)Simon Peter’s patronymic (Matt. 16:17; cf. Heb. bar yônâ, “son of Jonah”). At John 1:42; 21:15–17 the disciple is called “son of John.” It is not clear if two different names are indicated or a single Hebrew name is rendered into Greek in two different ways.
Simeon (Heb. šimʿôn)1. The second son of Jacob (Gen. 35:23); the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory was within the southern limits of Judah (Josh. 19:1–9). Simeon and his brother Levi exacted treacherous and violent revenge for the rape of their sister Dinah by a local prince called Shechem
Simon (Gk. Sɩ́mon; Heb. šimʿôn)1. Simon, surnamed the Just (Gk. dikaios, also meaning “righteous”), who according to Josephus (Ant. 12.43) succeeded his father Onias in the high priesthood. This places him within the period of Ptolemy I’s rule over Judea (301–282 b.c.e.). A scholion to Megillat Taʿanit
Symeon (Gk. Symên)1. A prophet and teacher in the church at Antioch who was surnamed Niger and may have been, therefore, black (Lat. niger;Acts 13:1 RSV; NRSV “Simeon” ).2. Another name for Simon Peter (Acts 15:14; 2 Pet. 1:1 RSV).
Twelve, theThe central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely on their names (Matt.
Bar-Jona [bär jōˊnə]. Simon Peter’s patronymic (Gk. Bariōnas; cf. Heb. bar yônâ “son of Jonah”). While at Matt. 16:17 the disciple is called Bar-Jona, the son of Jonah, at John 1:42; 21:15–17 he is named the son of John (KJV “Jona”). It is not certain whether Peter’s father had two different
Twelve, the (Gk. hoi dó̄deka). The central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely
PeterPaul never refers to the apostle Peter by his original name of Simon (Simōn, as frequently in the Gospels) or Simeon (Symeōn, as in Acts 15:14 and the preferred text of 2 Pet 1:1). Only twice (Gal 2:7, 8) does he use the name Peter (Petros, or “Rock”) given to Simon by Jesus (Mt 16:17–18; Mk
PETER (Greek petros, “rock”) Simon Peter, apostle of Jesus Christ, leader of the Twelve, and chief shepherd of the early Christian Church. He is seen and heard frequently in the Gospels and Acts and is the alleged author of two New Testament epistles, 1 and 2 Peter (1 Pet 1:1; 2 Pet 1:1).
B. Peter and PaulThe title “Acts of the Apostles” was given to the book at least by the second century a.d., but the book focuses chiefly on two main apostles: Peter and Paul. The entire book can, in fact, be divided into two major sections, the first following the leadership of Peter (chaps. 1–12)
SIMEON The name of three men in the Bible.1. The second son of Leah and Jacob (Gen 35:23); the full brother of Reuben, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah; and the founder of the tribe of Simeon. His name in Hebrew is a play on the verb “to hear,” as indicated in the words of his mother, “Because
SIMON The name of a large number of men in the Bible.1. Also Simeon. The second son of Mattathias, the brother of Judas and Jonathan, and a key figure in the Maccabean revolt who established the Hasmonean Dynasty. Also known as Thassi, he was praised as a man “wise in counsel” (1 Macc 2:65) and went