The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle (Παῦλος, Paulos). The “apostle to the Gentiles” who spread the message about Jesus Christ throughout the ancient world through his missionary efforts. Several of his letters are included in the New Testament canon.
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues Examines scholarly topics related to the Apostle Paul, including:• the extent of the Pauline corpus;• the doctrine of justification by faith;• identification of Paul’s opponents;• Paul’s views regarding women;• the teachings of Paul and Jesus; and• cultural influences
Paul, New Perspective On
Paul, New Perspective On Paul, New Perspective on. A distinct scholarly viewpoint regarding the Apostle Paul’s attitudes toward Judaism, justification, righteousness, law, and salvation.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Paul (Person)
PAUL (PERSON) [Gk Paulos (Παυλος)]. An early Christian apostle who was perhaps the most important and creative figure in the history of the early Church, whose formulations of Christian faith as expressed in his epistles to fledgling churches have become part of the foundation for orthodox Christian
Saul (Person)
SAUL (PERSON) [Heb šāʾûl (שָׁאוּל)]. Two persons in the Bible bear this name. The first, Saul, son of Kish, became the first king of Israel (1 Samuel 9–31); he is the subject of this entry. The second, Saul of Tarsus, is discussed under the entry on PAUL.A. Name and Family BackgroundB. The Saulide
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Paul, The Apostle
Paul, The Apostle. Known as Saul of Tarsus before his conversion to Christianity and the most influential leader in the early days of the Christian church. Through his missionary journeys to Asia Minor and Europe, Paul was the primary instrument in the expansion of the gospel to the Gentiles. Moreover,
Saul. Name meaning “asked”, with the implication being “asked of God.” A name with a usage extending far back into prebiblical times, it is attested in third millennium texts from Tell Mardikh in Syria (ancient Ebla), and appears also to have been used in the second millennium in the city of Ugarit on
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle [Gk. Paulos]; in Acts before his conversion and for some time afterward, SAUL [Gk. Saulos, Saoul]. I. SourcesA. Acts of the ApostlesB. Pauline Epistles1. Paul As a Letter Writer2. Dating the EpistlesC. Acts and the Epistles Compared1. In Reference to Paul Himself2. In Reference
III. Assessment
III. AssessmentSaul’s life and character are treated in summary fashion by the Chronicler (1 Ch. 10:13f): “So Saul died for his unfaithfulness; he was unfaithful to the Lord in that he did not keep the command of the Lord, and also consulted a medium, seeking guidance, and did not seek guidance from
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Paul, the Apostle
PAUL, THE APOSTLE Prominent leader of the first-century church; apostle to the Gentiles; author of 13 NT epistles.PreviewFamily and Cultural BackgroundEducationSaul the PersecutorConversion and CallingPreparation for MinistrySent Out from AntiochTraveling with BarnabasThe Council of
SAUL Name meaning “asked,” with the implication being “asked of God.” A name with a usage extending far back into prebiblical times, it is attested in third-millennium texts from Tell Mardikh in Syria (ancient Ebla) and appears also to have been used in the second millennium in the city of Ugarit on
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Paulpaul the apostle was the most effective missionary of early Christianity and the most prominent of the church’s early theologians. Almost half of the books of the nt are attributed to him. Whatever else is said about Paul, he does not appear to have been “typical.” He was not “a typical Jew,” “a
Saul (sawl).1 A Benjaminite from the mountain village of Gibeah who became Israel’s first king. According to biblical tradition Saul was divinely appointed in response to a popular demand for a king, but he was not long in favor with God, who rejected him for disobedience. He spent much of his reign
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
PAULBackgroundModern studies of Paul once again are emphasizing the fact of his Jewishness. Of the various strands within his cultural milieu, this seems basic. Writers such as W. D. Davies, Paul and Rabbinic Judaism (1948); J. Munck, Paul and the Salvation of Mankind (1959); H. J. Schoeps, Paul: The
SAUL1. Saul of Shaul of Rehoboth, one of the early kings of Edom (Gen 36:37–38; 1 Chr 1:48–49).2. The son of Kish of the tribe of Benjamin, the first king of Israel. Since the days of Moses God had governed Israel through the priests and judges specially endowed with power and ability. When Samuel,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
SAUL (Heb. šā’ûl, ‘asked’, i.e. of God). 1. King of ancient Edom, from Rehoboth (Gn. 36:37). 2. A son of Simeon (Gn. 46:10; Ex. 6:15; Nu. 26:13).3. First king of Israel, son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin. The story of Saul occupies most of 1 Sa. (chs. 9–31) and depicts one of the most pathetic
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Paul (Gk. Paúlos)Except for Jesus, no one influenced the development of early Christianity more than Paul. He was the foremost apologist for the gentile mission, and the most eloquent defender of the centrality of Jewish traditions, Scriptures, deity, and morality for his predominantly gentile churches.
Saul (Heb. šāʾûl)A Benjaminite, the son of Kish from the town of Gibeah, who became the first king of Israel. His story begins with his anointing by the prophet Samuel in 1 Sam. 9 and ends with his death by his own hand in 2 Sam. 1.The story of Saul as it now stands incorporates traditions with
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Paul [pôl] (Gk. Paulos).† A leading persecutor of Christians who became the Christian apostle to the Gentiles, known through his letters and the Acts of the Apostles.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Chronology of Paul
Chronology of paulPauline chronology is concerned to establish the sequence and (where possible) the dates of events in Paul’s life. It is an area which has attracted much complex theorizing: this article will attempt simply to set out the parameters of the problem as clearly as possible.1. Sources
Jew, Paul the
Jew, paul theIn recent years a significant change has taken place in Pauline scholarship. During the first half of the twentieth century the dominant “history of religions” school emphasized a Hellenistic approach to Paul: Paul was understood to be a Hellenized Jew of the Diaspora. For example, R. Bultmann
Old Testament in Paul
Old testament in paulAlthough many Jews in the first century saw the Christian gospel as antithetical to their faith, Paul regarded his message as the fulfillment of God’s promises to Israel. His letters are therefore filled with OT references used to clarify and defend the gospel. This feature, unquestionably,
James and paulSince the Reformation James and Paul have often been viewed as having contradictory theologies, one focusing on works (see Works of the Law) and the other on grace. An examination of the critical texts shows, however, that in reality the two men used similar terms differently in separate
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Paul of Tarsus
PAUL, OR SAUL OF TARSUS One of the greatest theologians, writers, and missionaries in the history of the Church. Paul had a decisive role in the spread of the Christian faith and was known as the apostle to the Gentiles (Rom 11:13).Paul’s letters make up approximately one-third of the New Testament.
B. Peter and Paul
B. Peter and PaulThe title “Acts of the Apostles” was given to the book at least by the second century a.d., but the book focuses chiefly on two main apostles: Peter and Paul. The entire book can, in fact, be divided into two major sections, the first following the leadership of Peter (chaps. 1–12)
SAUL (Hebrew, “the one asked for”) The first king of Israel. Saul was anointed king by Samuel (1 Sam 10:1), although ultimately he lost God’s favor through disobedience. Saul was the son of Kish and a member of the tribe of Benjamin (1 Sam 10:21). His sons were Jonathan, Ish-bosheth (or Ishbaal), Malchishua,
Saul of Tarsus
SAUL OF TARSUS The Jewish name of Paul, who was born in Tarsus. As with King Saul in the Old Testament, he belonged to the tribe of Benjamin (Rom 11:1; Phil 3:5).