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Parosh
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Ancestor (or head) of a family who returned to Judah from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:3; Neh 3:25; 7:8). Several passages in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah list the names of families or clans represented among the community of Jews who had returned to Judah from exile in Babylon (e.g., Ezra 2:3–39; 8:1–14; 10:25–43; Neh 7:8–42; compare 1 Esdras 5:9–25). These names are frequently used to identify which family group various members of the community belong to. It is often difficult to determine whether a reference to one of the family names is a general reference to the family or a specific reference to an individual member or leader of the family.Ezra 8:3 mentions that 150 men from the clan of Parosh, led by Zechariah, returned from exile with Ezra. Members of this family were among those found to have taken foreign wives but who agreed to divorce them per Ezra’s demand (Ezra 10:25). The leader of the family was also one of the men who signed the written agreement to keep the law during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Neh 10:14).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Parosh
Parosh (פַּרְעֹשׁ‎, par'osh). Ancestor (or head) of a family who returned to Judah from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:3; Neh 3:25; 7:8). Several passages in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah list the names of families or clans represented among the community of Jews who had returned to Judah from exile in
Hashabiah, Descendant of Parosh
Hashabiah, Descendant of Parosh (חֲשַׁבְיָהוּ‎, chashavyahu). A member of the family of Parosh in the postexilic Jewish community. Hashabiah was listed among those who agreed to Ezra’s demand to divorce his foreign wife (Ezra 10:25). The Masoretic Text of Ezra 10:25 reads “Malchijah” twice. This second
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Parosh (Person)
PAROSH (PERSON) [Heb parʿōš (פַּרְעֹשׁ); Gk phoros (φορος)]. Head of a family of Babylonian exiles who are listed as returnees under the leadership of Zerubbabel and others (Ezra 2:3 [= Neh 7:8 = 1 Esdr 5:9]) and later under Ezra (Ezra 8:3 [= 1 Esdr 8:30]). Some from this family married foreign wives
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Parosh
Parosh. Head of a family that returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel after the Babylonian exile (Ezr 2:3; 8:3, kjv Pharosh; Neh 7:8). One of his descendants, Pedaiah, participated in rebuilding the Jerusalem wall (Neh 3:25); other descendants are mentioned as having taken foreign wives (Ezr 10:25).
Pharosh
Pharosh. kjv spelling of Parosh, the ancestor of a postexilic family, in Ezra 8:3.See Parosh.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Parosh
Parosh pâr:osh [Heb. parʾōš—‘flea’ (cf. 1 S. 24:14)]; AV also PHAROSH (Ezr. 8:3).
Parosh
1. [Gk. Apoc. Phoros, B Phares (1 Esd. 8:30)]; AV PHOROS, PHAREZ; NEB PHOROS. Head of a family that returned from the Exile in part with Zerubbabel (Ezr. 2:3 par Neh. 7:8; 1 Esd. 5:9) and in part with Ezra (Ezr. 8:3 par 1 Esd. 8:30). Some members of the family had married foreign women and were required
Parosh
2. A chief who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah in the time of Ezra (Neh. 10:14).
Parosh
3. Father or ancestor of Pedaiah, who helped to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah (Neh. 3:25); possibly the same as 1 or 2.
Hashabiah (son of Parosh)
Hashabiah hash-ə-bīʹ̈ə [Heb. ašaḇyâ].1. Two Levites of the family of Merari (1 Ch. 6:45; 9:14).2. A Levite who dwelt in Jerusalem at the time of Nehemiah (Neh. 11:15).3. A son of Jeduthun (1 Ch. 25:3, 19).4. A Hebronite, chief of a clan of warriors who had charge of West Jordan in the interests
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Parosh
PAROSH Head of a family who returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel after the Babylonian exile (Ezr 2:3; Neh 7:8). One of his descendants, Pedaiah, participated in rebuilding the Jerusalem wall (Neh 3:25); other descendants are mentioned as having taken foreign wives (Ezr 10:25).
Pharosh
PHAROSH* kjv spelling of Parosh, the ancestor of a postexilic family, in Ezra 8:3. See Parosh.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Parosh
Parosh (pay´rosh; Heb., “flea”).1 The head of a family returning from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:5; Neh. 7:8) after being exiled under Artaxerxes (Ezra 8:3). Some members of the family had married foreign women (Ezra 10:26); a descendant, Pedadiah, led repairs near the Water Gate (Neh. 3:25–26).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Parosh
PAROSH. A man whose descendants returned from captivity partly with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:3) and partly with Ezra (Ezra 8:3, KJV, Pharosh). Some descendants took foreign wives (Ezra 10:25), some entered into the covenant Nehemiah presented (Neh 10:14), and one, Pedaiah (q.v. 4), helped repair the wall of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Parosh
Parosh (Heb. parʿōš)1. An Israelite whose descendants returned with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:3; Neh. 7:8) and Ezra from exile in Babylon (Ezra 8:3). Among the descendants of Parosh were some of the men who divorced their foreign wives (Ezra 10:25) and one of those who repaired the walls of Jerusalem (Neh.
Hashabiah
Hashabiah (Heb. ḥăšaḇyâ, ḥăšaḇyāhû)1. A Merarite Levite, the father of Malluch and son of Amaziah (1 Chr. 6:45 [MT 30]). He was an ancestor of Ethan, a temple musician during David’s reign.2. A Merarite Levite, the father of Azrikam (1 Chr. 9:14) and son of Bunni (Neh. 11:15). He was an
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Parosh
Pa´rosh (flea). The descendants of Parosh, in number 2172, returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel. Ezra 2:3; Neh. 7:8. Another detachment of 150 males, with Zechariah at their head, accompanied Ezra. Ezra 8:3. They assisted in the building of the wall of Jerusalem, Neh. 3:25, and signed the covenant with
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Parosh
PA´ROSH (paʹrōsh; “a flea”). The 2,172 descendants of Parosh who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:3; Neh. 7:8). Another detachment of 150 males, with Zechariah at their head, accompanied Ezra (Ezra 8:3). Seven of the family had married foreign wives (10:25). They assisted in the building
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Parosh
PAROSH [PAHR ahsh] (flea) — the founder of a family, 2,172 of whom returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:3; Pharosh, KJV; Neh. 7:8). Another group of this family returned from the Captivity with Ezra (Ezra 8:3).
See also
Relatives
Pedaiah Son
Benaiah Son
Malchijah Son
Zechariah Son
Eleazar Son
Mijamin Son
Izziah Son
Ramiah Son
Roles
Topics & Themes