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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Paradise (παράδεισος, paradeisos). A loanword from ancient Persian pairi-daeza which can mean “an enclosed space,” “park,” or “garden.” Associated with heaven, New Jerusalem, and Christ’s dwelling place.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
PARADISE. A loanword from Old Persian (pairi-daēza), which means “enclosure,” then “park” or “garden.” It appears in Late Biblical Hebrew as pardēs, only with profane meaning (Neh 2:8 [RSV: “forest”]; Cant 4:13 [RSV: “orchard”]; Eccl 2:5 [RSV: “park”]). The profane meaning continues in Mishnaic Hebrew
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Paradise. “Garden of God.” The Hebrews originally used a word which they applied not only to ordinary gardens but also to God’s garden in Eden (Gn 2; 3; Is 51:3; Ez 28:13). Comparatively late in their history, they adapted from the Persian language the word which afterwards became “paradise”; it appears
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Paradise parʹə-dīs [Gk. parádeisos (Lk. 23:43; 2 Cor. 12:4; Rev. 2:7; 2 Esd. 4:7; 6:2; 7:36, 123; 8:52)]; NEB also GARDEN (Rev. 2:7). Paradise is a Persian loanword (pairi-daēza) which was taken over by Hebrew (pardēs), Greek, and Aramaic (pardêsāʾ). The Persian word originally meant “an enclosure”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
PARADISE Term borrowed from Persian that means “garden of god.” The Hebrews originally used a word that they applied not only to ordinary gardens but also to God’s garden in Eden (Gn 2–3; Is 51:3; Ez 28:13). Comparatively late in their history, they adapted from the Persian language the word that afterward
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
paradise, a location or status of uninterrupted bliss. By the early second century bce, many Jews had come to believe in life after death. They sought concrete images with which to express that new faith as an extension of traditional ideas. Since God had placed the first couple in an idyllic park (the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
PARADISE. A place of happiness and bliss. The Heb. word pardēs is translated “forest” in Neh 2:8 and “orchard” in Eccl 2:5; Song 4:13. It is derived from an Old Persian word pairidaeza meaning a garden with a wall. See Plants: Orchard. Nowhere in the OT is the word pardēs used in an eschatological
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
PARADISE. Paradise is a loan-word from ancient Iranian (pairidaēza-) and means a garden with a wall. The Gk. word paradeisos is used for the first time by Xenophon for the gardens of the Persian kings. lxx translates gan’ēden of Gn. 2:8 by paradeisos.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
ParadiseOriginally a “walled enclosure” or a “wooded park-like garden” (O. Pers. pairi-daēza). In ancient Iran it referred primarily to a royal enclosed “park” with streams, trees, and hunting grounds. Many ancient sources indicate that royal paradises were located throughout the Persian Empire, perhaps
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Paradise (Heb. pardēs; Gk. parádeisos; from O.Pers. pairi-daēza “enclosure”).† A term introduced into Greek by Xenophon to indicate the game parks and pleasure gardens of Persian kings and nobles. By the third century B.C., it came to mean any park or garden. The three occurrences of pardēs
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Heaven, heavenlies, paradisePaul’s understanding of heaven and related themes must be placed within the wider context of his total eschatology (see esp. Lincoln 1981). As with other NT writers, Paul reveals a debt to, as well as a development of, both the OT and apocryphal and pseudepigraphical Jewish
Catholic Bible Dictionary
PARADISE (A loan word from Persian, “garden” or “park”) A “paradise” was an enclosed park usually attached to a royal palace; in it there would be trees, streams, pools, and even game animals. In essence, a paradise was a place of peace and beauty, so that the Greek word paradeisos was used in the Septuagint
Key passages
Ge 2:1–25

And heaven and earth and all their array were finished. And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. And God blessed the seventh day, and he sanctified it, because on it he rested from all his work …

Lk 23:43

And he said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise.”

2 Co 12:2–4

I know a man in Christ fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, or outside the body I do not know, God knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven, and I know this man—whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows—that he was caught up to paradise and heard …