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Outer garment
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A sleeveless upper garment worn over the coat, which reaches to the ankles. Worn by both men and women (2 Sam 13:18) as well as high priests, who placed it beneath the ephod (Exod 28:31; 1 Sam 15:27; Job 1:20; 2:12; Isa 59:17). In the New Testament, a cloak is a garment tied at the neck (Matt 17:2; 26:65; Luke 6:29), worn especially by travelers to protect them from the weather (2 Tim 4:13). For further information on clothing in ancient times, see this article: Clothing.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cloak
Cloak A sleeveless upper garment worn over the coat, which reaches to the ankles. Worn by both men and women (2 Sam 13:18) as well as high priests, who placed it beneath the ephod (Exod 28:31; 1 Sam 15:27; Job 1:20; 2:12; Isa 59:17). In the New Testament, a cloak is a garment tied at the neck (Matt 17:2;
Clothing, Generic
Clothing Overview of the apparel, headdresses, footwear, and special garments worn by men and women in biblical times.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Dress and Ornamentation
DRESS AND ORNAMENTATION. Dress provides important social and cultural information concerning status, power, group identity, manufacture, and trade. The significant role played by clothing in ancient society is apparent in the biblical writers who use dress metaphorically to make ethical exhortations
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cloak
Cloak. Translation of several words referring to outer garments.See Fashion and Dress.
Fashion and Dress
Fashion and Dress. Clothing, especially as related to Bible times. Clothing mentioned in the Bible is usually referred to in such general terms as “inner garment,” “outer garment,” or “tunic.” Few descriptions give specific details of costumes or clothing, and it is therefore necessary to rely on paintings,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cloak
Cloak [Heb. kesuṯ] (Dt. 22:12); AV VESTURE; [śalmâ] (24:13); AV RAIMENT; [miṭpaḥaṯ] (Isa. 3:22); AV WIMPLE; [beg̱eḏ] (Jer. 43:12); AV GARMENT; NEB CLOTHES; [Gk. himátion] (Mt. 5:40; Lk. 6:29); NEB COAT; AV CLOKE; [phailónēs (2 Tim. 4:13), próphasis (fig, 1 Thess. 2:5)]; AV CLOKE; PURPLE
Fisher’s Coat
Fisher’s Coat This expression is found in the AV of Jn. 21:7 where the RSV has “clothes” and the NEB “coat.” John here, after representing Peter as “naked” (Gk. gymnós), pictures him as girding on his “coat” (ependýtēs), literally “outer garment,” and not specifically a “fisher’s coat.” See Coat;
Garments
Garments Ever since the fall humans have made and worn clothing (Gen. 3:7, 21) for modesty, protection, and status. Although this study of the biblical words for clothing covers a period of more than a thousand years, it is made easier because fashions in the ancient world did not change constantly,
Linen; Fine Linen; Linen Garment
Linen; Fine Linen; Linen Garment[Heb šēš] (e.g., Ex. 26–28, 35–36, 38–39), baḏ (e.g., Lev. 6:10 [MT 3]; 1 S. 22:18), pištâ, pēšeṯ (pl pištîm) (e.g., Dt. 22:11), sāḏîn (e.g., Jgs. 14:12f), bûṣ (e.g., 1 Ch. 4:21), ʾēṭûn (Prov. 7:16); Gk. sindṓn (e.g., Mt. 27:59), býssos (e.g., Lk.
Mantle
Mantle [Heb. ʾaddereṯ] (Gen. 25:25; Josh. 7:21, 24; 1 K. 19:13, 19; 2 K. 2:8, 13f.; Zec. 13:4); AV also GARMENT; NEB also CLOAK; [śimlâ, śalmâ] (Ex. 12:34; 22:27; Isa. 3:6f); AV RAIMENT, CLOTHING, CLOTHES; NEB CLOAK; [miṭpaḥaṯ] (Ruth 3:15); AV VAIL; NEB CLOAK; [meʿîl] (Ezr. 9:3, 5; Ps. 109:29;
Robe
Robe [Heb. meʿîl, kuttōneṯ (Gen. 37:3, 23, 31f.; 2 S. 13:18f.; Isa. 22:21), leḇûš (Est. 6:8–11; 8:15; Ps. 45:13 [MT 14]), beg̱eḏ (1 K. 22:10, 30; 2 Ch. 18:9, 29; Ps. 45:8 [MT 9]), ʾeḏer (Mic. 2:8), ʾaddereṯ (Jonah 3:6), riqmâ (Ps. 45:13 [MT 14]), middâ (Ps. 133:2), maḥalâṣâ (Isa. 3:22),
Wimple
Wimple A cloth that is worn over the head and around the neck. The AV uses this term to translate Heb. miṭpaḥaṯ in Isa. 3:22 (RSV, NEB, “cloak”). See Garments IV.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cloak
CLOAK Translation of several words referring to outer garments. See Clothing.
Clothing
CLOTHING Clothing mentioned in the Bible is usually referred to in such general terms as “inner garment,” “outer garment,” or “tunic.” Few descriptions give specific details of costumes or clothing, and it is therefore necessary to rely on paintings, pottery, decorations, statues, and bas-reliefs to
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Dress
dress. The biblical terms for dress, garments, clothes, robes, and various items of garb are general and often interchangeable. Fortunately, artistic representations from the Near East are helpful in providing more detailed information.The earliest forms of clothing were generally made from animal skins.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Dress
Hittite clothing of the post-empire period (after 1200 b.c.) as seen on a bas relief from Marash. LMDRESS. The types, of styles, and customs of the dress of Bible times have been preserved to a large extent by indications in the biblical record and by the archaeological findings of sculptures and
Stomacher
An ancient stone cup for watering sheep and goats at the well of Abraham in the Plains of Mamre. HFVSTOMACHER. The KJV term for the decorative covering worn on the upper front part of the body. The RSV calls it. “rich robe” (Isa 3:24).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Dress
DRESS. The OT does not give us a detailed description of the various kinds of dress which were worn in Palestine. However, the Egyp., Bab. and Hittite monuments enable us to get a good idea of the general dress. In the tomb of Khnumhotep at Beni-hasan (Egypt) we find a procession of Asiatics who arrive
Stomacher
STOMACHER. The somewhat misleading av translation of Heb. peṯîḡîl, a word of uncertain meaning which occurs only in Is. 3:24 as an antithesis for ‘a girding of sackcloth’. rsv ‘a rich robe’ seems to fit this requirement.J. D. Douglas.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Clothing
ClothingDespite the several hundred biblical references to clothing, translators face difficulties rendering accurately many of the Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek words for specific garments. As texts took shape over some 1000 years words took on new meanings, cloth-making technology improved, and fashions
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Clothing
Clothing. †Despite the extensive Hebrew and Greek vocabulary for various articles of clothing, dress among the peoples of Palestine and the ancient Near East was basically very simple, and fashions remained somewhat constant over the long period of time concerned.During the early centuries of Israel’s
Robe
Robe. †A reading used in English versions to represent a number of words (including Heb. me˓îl, keṯōneṯ, beg̱eḏ, ˒eḏer, ˒addereṯ, middab; Gk. stolḗ, himátion, esthḗs), generally for the main garment or an outer garment worn by a man or a woman, rich or poor, as a garment only for ceremonial
Stomacher
Stomacher. The KJV rendering of Heb. peṯîgîl (Isa. 3:24). RSV “rich robe” is more likely to be correct and better suits the contrast with “a girding with sackcloth.”
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Clothing And Footwear
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEARthe biblical period The Authorized Version uses several terms for clothing: apparel (1 Kgs. 10:5; 2 Chr 9:4; Zeph. 1:8); vestments (2 Kgs. 10:22), garments (Isa. 63:3); raiment (Ezek. 16:13; Job. 27:16), etc. As no clothing has survived from the pre-biblical period we must turn
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Clothing
CLOTHING In Genesis, clothing—worn to conceal nakedness—is a consequence of sin. Before the Fall, man and woman lived in a proper relationship with God and each other, and nakedness was not shameful (Gen 2:25). After the Fall, nakedness was shameful (Gen 3:7), and God himself made clothes for Adam and
See also
Topics & Themes