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Onias III
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Often referred to as Onias III. High priest until the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, at which time his brother Jason “obtained the high priesthood by corruption” (2 Maccabees 3:1; 4:7); son of Simon II (Josephus, Antiquities 12.225) and father of Onias of Heliopolis.Onias initially proved to be a successful high priest (2 Maccabees 3:1–3). The first major documented event in his tenure is his conflict with Simon (of the tribe of Benjamin). Due to his failure to win a dispute concerning the administration of the city market, Simon went to Apollonius, the general of the Syrian army, and claimed that there were riches within the Jewish temple that potentially could be taken as tribute. Apollonius either went himself (4 Maccabees 4:1–14) or sent an emissary named Heliodorus (2 Maccabees 3:1–28) to acquire the sum of money in the temple. Both accounts describe a miracle in which a heavenly apparition prevents any wealth being taken.When Antiochus IV Epiphanes ascended to the Seleucid throne, Onias was removed from the priesthood (2 Maccabees 4:7–8) and eventually murdered (2 Maccabees 4:30–35).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Onias the High Priest of 2 and 4 Maccabees
Onias the High Priest of 2 and 4 Maccabees (Ὀνίας, Onias). Often referred to as Onias III. High priest until the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, at which time his brother Jason “obtained the high priesthood by corruption” (2 Maccabees 3:1; 4:7); son of Simon II (Josephus, Antiquities 12.225) and father
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Onias (Person)
ONIAS (PERSON) [Gk Onias (Ὀνιας)]. The name of four persons of a priestly family in Hellenistic Palestine. “Onias” is the Greek form of the Hebrew name ḥônĕyû or ḥônı̂. This form is related to the name John (Heb y (ĕh)ôḥānan). The Oniads are traced back to Jehoiada, the high priest who returned
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Onias III
3. Onias III, son of Simon II and grandson of Onias II, high priest during the reign of Seleucus IV Philopator (187–175 b.c.). Onias III was a pious man (2 Macc. 3:1) who gained the respect even of Seleucus IV. But a disagreement between the high priest, who was pro-Ptolemaic, and Simon, the captain
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Onias
ONIAS Onias is the family name of four high priests in the intertestamental period. They were descendants of Zadok, the high priest in Solomon’s reign. Their lives spanned a period from the end of the fourth century bc down to the second. In their times the high priesthood was not only a religious office
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Onias
Onias (Gk. Onias)A recurrent name in a priestly family prominent in Palestine during the Hellenistic period from the rule of the Ptolemies into the Maccabean period. Of Zadokite lineage, this family of hereditary high priests is frequently referred to as the Oniads.1. Onias I, the son of Jaddua who
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Onias
Onias [ō nīˊəs] (Gk. Onias).† A common name among members of the wealthy high priestly family during the Maccabean period. The Oniads traced their descent from Zadok (cf. 1 Kgs. 2:35). Their primary opponents were the Tobiads, a family of merchants and the financial administrators of Jerusalem.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Onias
Oni´as, the name of five high priests in the period between the Old and the New Testament.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ONIARES
ONIARES<o-ni’-a-rez>, <o-ni-a’-rez>: 1 Macc 12:19 the King James Version = the Revised Version (British and American) ANIUS (which see).
ONIAS
ONIAS<o-ni’-as> ([Ὀνίας, Onias]): There were 3 high priests of the name of Onias, and a 4th Onias who did not become a high priest but was known as the builder of the temple of Leontopolis (Josephus, Ant, XIII, iii, 1–3). Only two persons of the name are mentioned in the Apocrypha - Onias I and Onias
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
Onias
Onias oh-ni’uhs (Ονιας, prob. short form of יְהוֹחָנָןH3380, “Yahweh is [or has been] gracious” [cf. Sir. 50:1 lxx and Heb.]; note also the later Heb. forms חניה‎, חוניו [see EncBib, 3:3503], and חוֹנִי [e.g., b. Ber. 19a]). The name of three persons who were high priests in the Maccabean period (see
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Oniares
ONIARES, ō̇-nīʹa-rēz, ō-ni-ā´rēz: 1 Macc 12:19 AV = RV Arius (q.v.).
Onias
ONIAS, ō̇-nīʹ as (Ὀνίας, Onías): There were 3 high priests of the name of Onias, and a 4th Onias who did not become a high priest but was known as the builder of the temple of Leontopolis (Jos, Ant, XIII, iii, 1–3). Only two persons of the name are mentioned in the Apoc—Onias I and Onias III.(1)
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Onias III
Onias IIIThere were several high priests named Onias during the pre-Maccabean and Hasmonean periods in Judea, but only one of importance, Onias III, is mentioned by name in the Apocrypha. He was the son of the high priest Simon II and was high priest during the reign of Seleucus IV Philopater (187–175
Onias
Onias [ō--us] (חוניו‎ = Ὀνίας, meaning unknown) (1) Onias I “the Just,” Judean high priest 320–290 bce, who contracted an alliance with King Arius of Sparta (1 Macc. 12:7) (2) Onias II, father of Simon (1) (Ecclus. [Sir.] 50:1) (3) Onias III, Judean high priest about 180 bce; replaced by his corrupt
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ONIAS
ONIAS oh-ni´uhs [Ὀνίας Onias]. Onias is the name of four individuals from a priestly family that served in Jerusalem from the late 4th to mid-2nd cent. bce. All but the last Onias held the office of high priest. According to Josephus (Ant. 11.347), the line is descended from Jaddua, who is mentioned
See also
Relatives
Jason Brother
Roles