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Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
City of the Sun
City of the Sun (עֵיר הַ הֶרֶס‎, eir ha heres; אָן‎, an; בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ‎, beith shemesh; בַּיִת שֶׁמֶשׁ‎, bayith shemesh). Better known as Heliopolis. A city in Egypt, north of modern Cairo. Joseph’s wife, Asenath, was a daughter of a priest of this city (Gen 41:45). Some manuscripts of Isaiah refer to it
Heliopolis
Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, Hēlioupolis). A city in Egypt, north of modern Cairo, now called Matariya. It is called Beth Shemesh (בַּיִת שֶׁמֶשׁ‎, bayith shemesh), “House of the Sun,” in Jer 43:13. It is called On (אָן‎, an) in Gen 41:45 and 46:20. Joseph’s wife, Asenath, was a daughter of a priest of On.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Aven (Place)
AVEN (PLACE) [Heb ʾāwen (אָוֶן)]. A Hebrew word meaning “idolatry,” “iniquity,” or “nothingness” used by the OT prophets as a derogatory substitute or wordplay in certain place names. Since the Hebrew words ʾôn (“power” or “riches”) and ʾāwen have identical consonants, Aven may be a derisive pun.
Beth-Shemesh (Place)
BETH-SHEMESH (PLACE) [Heb bêt šemeš (בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ‎), ʿı̂r šemeš (עִיר שֶׁמֶשׁ)]. The RSV has three towns with this name and the Heb MT has another.1. A town located in the NE Shephelah (M.R. 147128) in the Valley of Sorek and which played a small but significant role in Israel’s history. It was
Heliopolis (Place)
HELIOPOLIS (PLACE) [Heb bêt šemeš (בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ)]. A city of Egypt mentioned by Jeremiah in an oracle of doom directed against the Egyptians (Jer 43:13). The Hebrew here (lit. “house of the sun [which is in the land of Egypt]”) clearly echoes the Gk form Heliopolis, “city of Helios (the sun),” so
Sun, City of the (Place)
SUN, CITY OF THE (PLACE) [Heb ʿı̂r (עִיר‎) haḥeres (הַחֶרֶס)]. This phrase (only in Isa 19:18) is the translation of a variant reading found in some Heb mss and accepted by most modern translations (including RSV, NAB, NEB, TEV, NJB). However, most copies of the MT read “the city of destruction” (heres).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
On (Place)
On (Place). Hebrew name for Heliopolis, an Egyptian city (Gn 41:45, 50; 46:20).See Heliopolis.
City of Destruction
City of Destruction. kjv translation in Isaiah 19:18 (rsv, City of the Sun), generally understood as a reference to the Egyptian city Heliopolis.See Heliopolis.
Destruction, City of
Destruction, City of. Phrase in Isaiah 19:18 (kjv), generally taken as a reference to Heliopolis.See Heliopolis.
Beth-shemesh
Beth-shemesh. 1. Canaanite city on the northern border of Judah’s territory (Jos 15:10) and the southern border of Dan’s (before that tribe migrated north). Beth-shemesh means “the house (or temple) of Shamash,” the Canaanite sun god. As Ir-shemesh it was included in the list of cities of Dan (19:41).
City of the Sun
City of the Sun. Phrase in Isaiah 19:18, generally taken as a reference to the Egyptian city Heliopolis.See Heliopolis.
Heliopolis
Heliopolis. Ancient Egyptian city famed as a center for worship of the sun god Re. Heliopolis (“city of the sun”) was located in the Nile River delta region of Lower Egypt, a few miles northeast of modern Cairo. Heliopolis became important from about 2400 bc, with the emergence of Atum-Re as the cult
Sun, City of the
Sun, City of the. Phrase in Isaiah 19:18; generally taken as a reference to Heliopolis.See Heliopolis.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
On
On on [Heb ʾôn; Gk ōn; Egyp ɩwnw]. An Egyptian city, also called Heliopolis, center of the ancient cult of Atum-Re, the sun god. Its ruins have been excavated 16 km (10 mi) N of modern Cairo.After his rise to power in Egypt, Joseph married Asenath, daughter of “Potiphera priest of On” (Gen. 41:45,
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-Shemesh beth-shemʹish [Heb. bêṯ šemeš—‘house of (the solar deity) Shemesh,’ rather than ‘house of the sun,’ which would require haš-šemeš].The name of four places mentioned in the OT, principally Beth-shemesh in Judah.
Beth-shemesh (of Egypt)
4. Jeremiah mentions a Beth-shemesh (translated “Heliopolis” in RSV) in the land of Egypt (Jer. 43:13). Since the Gk. hēlioúpolis means “city of (the) sun,” this is a logical identification. See On.W. S. LaSor
City of the Sun
City of the Sun [Heb. ʾir haḥeres] (some Heb, MSS, Symm, Vulg., RSV, NEB); or CITY OF DESTRUCTION [Heb. ʾîr haheres; Gk. Polis-asedek] (MT, Aq, Th, LXX, AV). A city of Egypt (Isa. 19:18). Jewish quarrels concerning the temple that Onias built in Egypt may have been responsible for the altering of
Heliopolis
Heliopolis hē-li-opʹə-lis [Heb. bêṯ šemeš—‘house of (the solar deity) Shemesh’; Gk. hēlíou pólis—‘city of the sun’] (Jer 43:13); AV NEB, BETH-SHEMESH. The reference here is to the Egyptian city On, also called the City of the Sun (Isa. 19:18) and Aven (Ezk. 30:17; see Aven 3). Heliopolis was
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
On (Place)
ON* (Place) Hebrew name for Heliopolis, an Egyptian city (Gn 41:45, 50; 46:20). See Heliopolis.
City of Destruction
CITY OF DESTRUCTION* kjv translation in Isaiah 19:18 (nlt “City of the Sun”), generally understood as a reference to the Egyptian city Heliopolis.See also Heliopolis.
Destruction, City of
DESTRUCTION*, CITY OF Phrase in Isaiah 19:18 (kjv), generally taken as a reference to Heliopolis. See Heliopolis.
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH1. Canaanite city on the northern border of Judah’s territory (Jos 15:10) and the southern border of Dan’s (before that tribe migrated north). Beth-shemesh means “the house of Shamash,” the Canaanite sun god. As Ir-shemesh, it was included in the list of cities of Dan (19:41). Beth-shemesh
City of the Sun
CITY OF THE SUN Phrase in Isaiah 19:18, generally taken as a reference to the Egyptian city Heliopolis. See Heliopolis.
Heliopolis
HELIOPOLIS Ancient Egyptian city famed as a center for worship of the sun god Re. Heliopolis (“city of the sun”) was located in the Nile River delta region of Lower Egypt, a few miles northeast of modern Cairo. Heliopolis became important from about 2400 bc, with the emergence of Atum-Re as the cult
Sun, City of the
SUN, CITY OF THE Phrase in Isaiah 19:18; generally taken as a reference to Heliopolis. See Heliopolis.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-shemesh (beth-sheh´mish; Heb., “house of sun”), the name of four cities that appear to have been centers for a sun cult.1 A city in the Valley of Sorek, sixteen miles southwest of Jerusalem, modern Tell er-Rumeileh (Ain Shems), on the highway to Ashdod and the Mediterranean. The city was established
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
On
Part of the unfinished palace of Omri, which he started at Tirzah before moving to Samaria. HFVON1. The son of Peleth, who joined the rebellion of Korah against Moses (Num 16:1).2. The Egyptian city of On, known to the Greeks as Heliopolis. It was located at the present site of Matariyeh, a suburb
Destruction, City of
DESTRUCTION, CITY OF. In Isa 19:18, by employing the phrase ˓ı̂r haheres, “the City of Destruction” (NASB), the prophet seems to be making a deliberate punning allusion to ˓ı̂r harḥeres, “the City of the Sun,” a designation for the Egyptian city of On (q.v.), which the Greeks called Heliopolis. On the
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH. The name Beth-shemesh means “house of the sun (god),” reflecting the fact that the pre-Israelite Canaanites had shrines to many deities in the land of Canaan. Many of these names continued into Israelite times. At least four places named Beth-shemesh are mentioned in the OT.1. A town in
Irhaheres
IRHAHERES. A term which appears only in the Heb. text of (Isa 19:18), where it is stated that one of a certain five Egyptian cities will be called by this name or title. Though various interpretations may be found, the name usually is taken as a play on words relating to the city of Heliopolis (biblical
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
On
ON. 1. A venerable city, Egyp. ’Iwnw (‘city of the pillar’), Gk. Heliopolis, now represented by scattered or buried remains at Tell Ḥiṣn and Maṭariyeh, 16 km NE of Cairo. From antiquity it was the great centre of Egyp. sun-worship, where the solar deities Rē‘ and Atum were especially honoured, and
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH (Heb. bêṯ šemeš, ‘house (temple) of the sun’), a name applied to 4 places in the Bible.1. An important city of Judah (2 Ki. 14:11; 2 Ch. 25:21) on its N border with Dan (Jos. 15:10), situated in a W-facing valley of the hill-country some 24 km W of Jerusalem and consequently commanding
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
On (Place)
On (Heb. ʾôn; Egyp. iwnw, inw) (PLACE)The Egyptian city Heliopolis (“city of the sun”). Located at the southern tip of the Nile Delta, On (modern Tell Hisn, in Matariyeh, a suburb NE of Cairo) was the capital of an Egyptian district and from Early Dynastic times to the Saitic dynasty the main cult
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-Shemesh (Heb. bêṯ šemeš)1. A city (lit., “house of the sun”) occupying a small rise near the juncture of the Sorek Valley and the fosse along the western base of the hill country formed by the Wadi Ghurab and Wadi en-Najil. The city was apportioned to the tribe of Dan, but never conquered and
City of the Sun
City of the SunA city located in the Egyptian Delta NE of modern Cairo It served as one of the important spiritual and religious centers of ancient Egypt, housing temples to the gods Re-Harachte and Atum. Their cults were characterized as cosmological, and its Heaven Feast was well known.Potiphera,
Heliopolis
Heliopolis (Gk. hēlɩ́ou pólis)1. The Egyptian city On, capital of the 13th nome of Lower Egypt and center for worship of the sun-gods Atum and Re (cf. Jer. 43:13).2. Greek name for Baalbek.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
On (Place)
ON (PLACE) [ŏn] (Heb. ˒ôn; Egyp. iwnw). The Egyptian city of Heliopolis (1) (lit. “house of the sun”; Jer. 43:13; KJV “Beth-shemesh”). Located at the southern tip of the Nile delta, the city was the capital of an Egyptian district and the cult center of the sun-deity Atum-Re, in honor of whom
Beth-Shemesh
Beth-Shemesh [bĕth shĕmˊĭsh] (Heb. bêṯ šemeš “house of [the sun-god] Shemesh”).
City of the Sun
City of the Sun (Heb. ˓îr haḥeres). A city in Egypt mentioned at Isa. 19:18, possibly Heliopolis, renowned as a center of worship of the sun. According to the oracle, this city is to experience salvation for its allegiance to the Lord of Israel, in whose worship it speaks the “language of Canaan,”
Heliopolis
Heliopolis [hēˊlĭ ŏpˊə lĭs] (Heb. bêṯ šemeš; Gk. hēlíou pólis “house of the sun [god]”).†
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH A town on the border of the territory of Judah, in the northeastern part of the Plain (Josh. 15:10). As Ir-Shemesh it is included among the cities of Dan (Josh. 19:41), and it is listed elsewhere as one of the cities of Judah that was given to the Levites (Josh. 21:16). It is also identified
Heliopolis; Baalbek
HELIOPOLIS; BAALBEK A city in the plain at the foot of the Anti-Lebanon, near the source of the Orontes. The ancient name Baalbek indicates a pre-Roman occupation, though no remains have been found and the earliest written sources are Roman. Attempts by various scholars to identify Baalbek with a town
Catholic Bible Dictionary
On
ON (Egyptian Iwnw, “city of the pillar”; Hebrew ʾōn, “house of the sun”; Greek Heliopolis, “city of Helios [the sun]”) A city in ancient Egypt identified with modern Matariyeh, a suburb of Cairo. The name was taken from the role the city played as a center for the worship of solar deities by the Egyptians,
Beth-Shemesh
BETH-SHEMESH (Hebrew, “house of the sun”) The name of three towns in Palestine.1. A town on the border between Judah and Dan (Josh 15:10), perhaps the same location as Ir-shemesh (Josh 19:41) in the territory of Dan. It was also a Levitical city (Josh 21:16; 1 Chr 6:59), but its chief fame was as the
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