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Old Testament A canon of Scriptures, recognized as authoritative, that comprises the first part of the Christian Bible and that includes the Hebrew Bible.
Old Testament, Title of
Old Testament, Title of The title “Old Testament” came into usage in conjunction with the title “New Testament.” For example, in the Cheltenham Canon (ca. ad 360, but only preserved in a list from a 10th-century Latin manuscript), the title “Old Testament” (vetus testamentum) is applied to the Hebrew