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Nicanor (son of Patroclus)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Son of Patroclus. A Syrian general first under Antiochus IV Epiphanes and then under Demetrius I Soter who fought against the Jews in the Maccabean period. One of Demetrius’ “chief friends” (2 Macc 8:9).Nicanor held a high position in Lysias’ campaign against the Jews after the defeat of Seron, the commander of the Syrian army under Antiochus Epiphanes. First and Second Maccabees disagree about his status; he was either one of three generals under Lysias (1 Macc 3:38) or the chief general—assisted by Gorgias, who had more experience (2 Macc 8:9). In either case, Judas Maccabeus defeated him at Emmaus in 166 bc.Later, after Antiochus’ death, Lysias made peace with the Jews (1 Macc 6:55–63; 2 Macc 11:13–15). After Demetrius had killed Antiochus V Eupator and Lysias, Nicanor returned to Judaea, where he sent friendly messages to Judas Maccabeus, though it is unclear whether he was motivated by deceit or a desire for peace (compare 1 Macc 7:26–28 with 2 Macc 14:15–25).Nicanor eventually attacked the Jews at Caphar-Salama, and later at Adasa. He died in the latter battle (1 Macc 7:43). The Jews cut off his head and right hand (1 Macc 7:47; 2 Macc 15:30). They commemorated the victory each year on Nicanor’s Day, the 13th of Adar (1 Macc 7:48–49).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Nicanor of Syria
Nicanor of Syria (Νικάνωρ, Nikanōr). Son of Patroclus. A Syrian general first under Antiochus IV Epiphanes and then under Demetrius I Soter who fought against the Jews in the Maccabean period. One of Demetrius’ “chief friends” (2 Macc 8:9).Nicanor held a high position in Lysias’ campaign against the
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Nicanor (governor of Cyprus)
NICANOR (PERSON) [Gk Nikanōr (Νικανωρ)]. The name Nicanor appears several times in 1 and 2 Maccabees. It is difficult to determine whether there were two or three separate individuals bearing this name.1. The governor of Cyprus (2 Macc 12:2). Because this Nicanor has a relatively low rank, he is not
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Nicanor (son of Patroclus)
1. A friend and general of Antiochus IV Epiphanes; son of Patroclus (1 Macc. 3:38; 2 Macc. 8:9). Nicanor hated the Jews (1 Macc. 7:26f.).In 166 b.c. Lysias, regent of the western part of the Seleucidian domain (i.e., Syria), sent Nicanor and two other generals (Gorgias and Ptolemy) to put down the rebellion
Nicanor
2. One of the seven men selected by the early Church to serve tables in order to free the apostles for other responsibilities (Acts 6:5). See Seven, The.Bibliography.—Y. Aharoni and M. Avi-Yonah, Macmillan Bible Atlas (1968), pp. 188, 195; J. R. Bartlett, First and Second Books of the Maccabees (CBC,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Nicanor
NICANOR1. The son of Patroclus, “one of the king’s chief friends” (2 Macc 8:9) and a Syrian general under Antiochus IV Epiphanes and Demetrius Soter. This general may have been the supreme commander over Ptolemy and Gorgias in Lysias’s first campaign against Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc 3:38 ff.) during
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Nicanor
Nicanor (ni-kay´nuhr).1 A Syrian general assigned by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes to suppress the Maccabean uprising in Judea. The son of Patroclus, he one of the “king’s friends” (1 Macc. 3:38; 2 Macc. 8:9), He was associated with two other high officers, Ptolemy (the son of Dorymenes)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Nicanor
NICANOR. One of the seven men chosen as deacons to look after the needs of the Greek—speaking widows in the church in Jerusalem (Acts 6:5).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Nicanor
Nicanor (Gk. Nikánōr)1. One of four commanders whom Lysias sent against Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc. 3:38; 2 Macc. 8). Although 1 Maccabees suggests that Gorgias led this campaign (1 Macc 4:1), 2 Maccabees depicts Nicanor as the prominent figure. According to 2 Macc. 8 he sold captured Jews from the campaign
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Demetrius II Nicanor
DEMETRIUS II NICANOR The son of Demetrius I Soter; he was Seleucid king of Syria around 145–140 b.c. After his father was defeated by Alexander I Balas, Demetrius launched his own struggle for the throne (1 Macc 10:67–69) and found an ally in Ptolemy VI Philometor, king of Egypt, who gave him his daughter
Nicanor
NICANOR (Greek, “conqueror”) A commander in the Syrian army under Demetrius I and Antiochus IV who was known and much hated for his severe animosity toward the Jews. He took part in the campaign against Judas Maccabeus. With Gorgias, he was active in the battle of Emmaus and so shared in the Syrian defeat
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Nicanor
Nica´nor (conqueror).1. Son of Patroclus, 2 Macc. 8:9, a general who was engaged in the Jewish wars under Antiochus Epiphanes and Demetrius I. 1 Macc. 3:38; 4; 7:26, 49. (b.c. 160.)2. One of the first seven deacons. Acts 6:5.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Nicanor
NICA´NOR (ni-kāʹnor; Gk. “victorious”). A deacon of the church at Jerusalem (Acts 6:5).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Nicanor
Nicanorconqueror, one of the seven deacons appointed in the apostolic Church (Acts 6:1–6). Nothing further is known of him.
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