Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A plant that produced perfumes and ointments that were very costly and precious (Song 1:12, 4:13–14). Jesus was anointed with nard (Mark 14:3; John 12:3–5).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
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Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
nard, a scented ointment or perfume imported from the Himalayas in alabaster boxes and opened on special occasions. In the Song of Solomon, it is used by a woman to enhance her sexual appeal and, indeed, appears to be employed during the act of lovemaking (1:12; 4:13, 14). In the nt, a woman (unnamed
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
NardAn ointment (Heb. nērd; Gk. nárdos) extracted from the Nardostachys jatamansi plant found in the Himalayas of India. The distance required to import the ointment to Palestine added to its value. The roots and stems of the plant are used to produce an aromatic oil that serves as a cosmetic, a perfume
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Nard [närd] (Heb. nērd, nerāḏîm; Gk. nárdos). An expensive ointment prepared from the roots and stems of the Nardostachys jatamansi Wall., a plant belonging to the family of the Valerianaceae. The plant, native to the Himalaya mountains in India, has several vertical stems with lanceolate leaves
Catholic Bible Dictionary
NARD A perfume extracted from the oil of the plant Nardostachys jatamans found in India and commonly referred to as spikenard in English. The perfume was expensive: it was used in cosmetics and as a medicinal stimulant (Song 1:12). It was also used in the preparation of bodies for the tomb; the woman
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Spikenard (Heb. nêrd) is mentioned twice in the Old Testament, viz., in Song 1:12; 4:13–14. The ointment with which our Lord was anointed as he sat at meat in Simon’s house at Bethany consisted of this precious substance, the costliness of which may be inferred from the indignant surprise manifested
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Spikenard—(Heb. nerd), a much-valued perfume (Cant. 1:12; 4:13, 14). It was “very precious”, i.e., very costly (Mark 14:3; John 12:3, 5). It is the root of an Indian plant, the Nardostachys jatamansi, of the family of Valeriance, growing on the Himalaya mountains. It is distinguished by its having many
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia