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Naphtha
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A flammable rock oil mentioned in deuterocanonical literature. Second Maccabees 1:36 calls it “nepthar” (νεφθάρ, nephthar), and states that it came from fire taken from the altar of Yahweh in Solomon’s Temple before the Babylonians destroyed the temple. The Song of the Three Young Men also states that the fiery furnace was stoked with naphtha (23).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Naphtha
Naphtha (Νεφθαι, Nephthai). A flammable rock oil mentioned in deuterocanonical literature. Second Maccabees 1:36 calls it “nepthar” (νεφθάρ, nephthar), and states that it came from fire taken from the altar of Yahweh in Solomon’s Temple before the Babylonians destroyed the temple. The Song of the Three
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Naphtha
NAPHTHA [Gk naphtha (ναφθα)]. A highly flammable substance mentioned twice in the Apocrypha. It was one of the substances used to heat the furnace into which Azariah (i.e., Abednego), Shadrach, and Meshach had been cast (LXX Addition to Daniel v 23). It was also the common name (Gk naphthai) used for
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Naphtha
Naphtha nafʹthə [Gk náphtha] (Song Three 23; 2 Macc. 1:36); AV ROSIN, NEPHI. In Song Three 23 the term refers to an inflammable material, rock oil. 2 Macc. 1:36, however, interprets it as “purification.” See Nephthar.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Naphtha
Naphtha (Gk. náphtha)A flammable substance used to stoke the furnace into which Azariah/Abednego, Shadrach, and Meshach were thrown (Song of the Three 23); an ancient name for petroleum. It is described as a “thick liquid” (so NRSV) that caught fire after the sun shown on it, igniting Nehemiah’s sacrifice
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Naphtha
Naphtha [năfˊtə] (Gk. náphtha). An inflammable substance (Sg.Three 23), an ancient name for petroleum. It is described as a “thick liquid” that caught fire after the sun shone on it (2 Macc. 1:20–22). The term is linked with “purification” through a strained derivation from Heb. nip̱ṭār (1:36,
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