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Musical Instruments
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Provides an overview of biblical references to musical instruments, which were used to signal events and accompany singing, as well as for social expression. Instruments can be divided into three general groups: strings, winds, and percussion.(Note: Since most biblical instruments do not have equivalent names in English, the translations provided below do not necessarily identify the instrument correctly, but simply indicate common renderings in English Bibles.)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Musical Instruments
Musical Instruments Provides an overview of biblical references to musical instruments, which were used to signal events and accompany singing, as well as for social expression. Instruments can be divided into three general groups: strings, winds, and percussion.(Note: Since most biblical instruments
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Music and Musical Instruments
MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. This entry contains two articles. The first surveys the subject of music in the broad sense, as it is depicted in the biblical text. The second focuses specifically on musical instruments mentioned in the Bible.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Music and Musical Instruments
Music and Musical Instruments. A natural expression of man which probably began with speech-singing and developed into songs, which were then accompanied by instruments. Music as we know it has become quite complex, a luxury and entertainment; music in antiquity, however, was a functional expression
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Musical Instruments
Musical Instruments The AV translation of Heb šiddâ wešiddôṯ in Eccl. 2:8. The meaning of the Hebrew phrase is uncertain; the NEB omits it (cf. mg), while the RSV renders “many concubines” (but cf. mg; CHAL, p. 361, supports RSV with “lady [concubine][?]”). For discussions of the various possibilities,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Musical Instruments
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Stringed, wind, and percussion instruments used to make music.In contrast to the detailed accounts of liturgical music in the OT, the descriptions of the musical instruments themselves are rather sparse. Because of the injunction of the second commandment, interpreted by the Hebrews
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Music, Musical Instruments
Music, Musical InstrumentsMusic and its tools of production, musical instruments, as mentioned in the Bible are among the most perplexing phenomena of the past. This stems from both the ephemeral nature of music itself and the indirect sources of study—written, archaeological-iconographical, comparative
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Musical Instruments
Musical Instruments. †Musical instruments mentioned in the Bible can be divided into three general groups: instruments with strings plucked by fingers or a plectrum, wind instruments, and percussion instruments, including those shaken or rattled. String instruments (a generic term is Heb. mēn; Ps.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Musical Instruments
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Since the dawn of civilization man has used musical instruments. Some have been found in excavations while others are known from Assyrian, Egyptian and other wall paintings and reliefs. Numerous musical instruments are mentioned in the Bible, which may indicate that music was important
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Musical instruments of the Hebrews
Musical instruments of the Hebrews. (There has been great obscurity as to the instruments of music in use among the Hebrews, but the discoveries on the monuments of Egypt and Assyria have thrown much light upon the form and nature of these instruments.I. Stringed instruments.—1. The harp or lyre. [See
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Musical Instruments of the Bible
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF THE BIBLE — mechanical implements or devices used to produce harmonious sounds. Musical instruments used by the Hebrew people were of three types: (1) stringed instruments, which used vibrating strings to make sounds; (2) percussion instruments, which were struck to produce musical
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS<mu’-zi-kal in’-stroo-ments> (שִׁדָּה וַשִׁדּוֹת‎ [shiddah we-shiddoth]): “I gat me .... musical instruments, and that of all sorts” (Eccl 2:8). Thus the King James Version and the American Standard Revised Version; the English Revised Version and the American Revised Version margin
INSTRUMENTS OF MUSIC
INSTRUMENTS OF MUSIC([שָׁלִישִׁים‎, shalishim]): Thus, the Revised Version (British and American) and the King James Version (1 Sam 18:6), the Revised Version margin “triangles” or “three-stringed instruments.”See MUSIC.
Key passages
Ge 4:21

And the name of his brother was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and wind instruments.

2 Sa 6:5

Now David and all the house of Israel were dancing before Yahweh, with all kinds of musical instruments made from ash trees, and with zithers, harps, tambourines, sistrums, and cymbals.

Sir 47:9

And he set singers before the altar also to make sweet melodies by their voice.

1 Mac 4:54

At the season on the day during which the nations defiled it, on that day, they dedicated it with songs and lutes and lyres and with cymbals.

1 Esd 5:2

And Darius sent along with them a thousand cavalry until they returned to Jerusalem with peace and with music of drums and of flutes.