The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Music Surveys the role of music in the ancient Near East and in the Bible.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Music and Musical Instruments
MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. This entry contains two articles. The first surveys the subject of music in the broad sense, as it is depicted in the biblical text. The second focuses specifically on musical instruments mentioned in the Bible.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Music and Musical Instruments
Music and Musical Instruments. A natural expression of man which probably began with speech-singing and developed into songs, which were then accompanied by instruments. Music as we know it has become quite complex, a luxury and entertainment; music in antiquity, however, was a functional expression
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Music [Heb neg̱înâ] (Lam. 5:14); AV MUSICK; NEB STRINGS; [maśśāʾ—‘burden’] (1 Ch. 15:22, 27); AV MUSICK; NEB also SONG; [pl hiphil part of šāmaʿ—‘cause to hear’] (1 Ch. 16:42); AV “those that should make a sound”; NEB “player”; [šîr—‘sing’] (1 Ch. 25:6); AV SONG; NEB SINGING; [hamôn—‘noise’]
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
MUSIC A natural human expression that probably began with speech-singing and developed into songs, which were then accompanied by instruments. Music as we know it has become quite complex, a luxury and entertainment; music in antiquity, however, was a functional expression of daily life, work, and worship.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Musicsecular and sacred music played no less a role in the lives of the people of biblical times than it does in the modern era. It added to the pomp of national celebrations, bolstered soldiers’ courage, enlivened work and play, lent comfort in times of sadness, and provided inspiration in religious
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
MUSICHistory of MusicMusic is as old as the human race, and from the earliest days it has been employed in the service of religion. The Israelites regarded music as a proper vehicle for the expression of the gratitude and devotion which they felt to God. They were not, however, the only people who
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Music, Musical Instruments
Music, Musical InstrumentsMusic and its tools of production, musical instruments, as mentioned in the Bible are among the most perplexing phenomena of the past. This stems from both the ephemeral nature of music itself and the indirect sources of study—written, archaeological-iconographical, comparative
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Music. *Biblical references to music are numerous because of the essential role it played in all aspects of the life of the people of the Bible. While the music of worship is a major focus, music concerned with matters of everyday life is also represented.The origin of music, or at least instrumental
Catholic Bible Dictionary
MUSIC The traditional founder of music in the Bible was Jubal, “the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe” (Gen 4:21). His name is related to the Hebrew word yôbēl (meaning “ram’s horn,” Exod 19:13). Music, dance, and singing were all important elements in the cultural and liturgical life of
Dictionary of New Testament Background
MUSICInvestigation of the music of the early church has drawn on the efforts of liturgical scholars, musicologists and historians, as well as biblical scholars, in attempting to find out what the music of the earliest Christian church consisted of and where it came from. There are still many questions
Key passages
Ge 4:17–21

And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to Enoch. And when he built a city he named the city after his son, Enoch. And to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech. And Lamech took to himself …

1 Sa 16:15–18

So the servants of Saul said to him, “Look please, an evil spirit from God is tormenting you. Please, let our lord command your servants who are before you! Let them seek a man skilled in playing on the lyre. When the evil spirit from God is upon you, he can play on it and you will feel …

Ps 98:4

Shout joyfully to Yahweh, all the earth. Be cheerful and sing for joy and sing praises.

Eph 5:18–20

And do not be drunk with wine (in which is dissipation), but be filled by the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and singing praise in your heart to the Lord, giving thanks always for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to the God and …

Col 3:16

Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another with all wisdom, with psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God,

See also
Ge 4:16–24; Ge 31:22–42; Ex 15:1–21; Ex 32:1–35; Nu 21:10–32; Dt 31:14–32:47; Jos 6:1–27; Jdg 5:1–31; Jdg 11:34–40; 1 Sa 9:27–10:16; 1 Sa 16:14–23; 1 Sa 18:1–16; 2 Sa 1:17–27; 2 Sa 6:1–23; 2 Sa 19:31–39; 2 Sa 22:1–51; 1 Ki 1:28–53; 1 Ki 4:20–34; 1 Ki 10:1–13; 2 Ki 3:1–27; 1 Ch 6:31–48; 1 Ch 9:28–34; 1 Ch 13:1–14; 1 Ch 15:1–16:43; 1 Ch 23:1–32; 1 Ch 25:1–31; 2 Ch 5:2–6:2; 2 Ch 7:1–11; 2 Ch 9:1–12; 2 Ch 20:1–30; 2 Ch 23:12–21; 2 Ch 29:20–30:27; 2 Ch 34:8–28; 2 Ch 35:1–27; Ezr 2:36–70; Ezr 3:8–13; Ne 7:39–45; Ne 11:1–24; Ne 12:1–47; Job 21:1–34; Job 30:1–31; Job 35:1–16; Job 36:24–37:24; Ps 5:1–12; Ps 7:1–17; Ps 9:1–20; Ps 13:1–6; Ps 18:25–50; Ps 27:1–14; Ps 28:1–9; Ps 30:1–12; Ps 33:1–22; Ps 40:1–17; Ps 42:1–43:5; Ps 45:1–17; Ps 46:1–11; Ps 47:1–9; Ps 51:1–19; Ps 57:1–11; Ps 59:1–17; Ps 61:1–8; Ps 65:1–13; Ps 66:1–20; Ps 67:1–7; Ps 68:1–35; Ps 69:1–36; Ps 71:1–24; Ps 75:1–10; Ps 77:1–20; Ps 78:56–72; Ps 81:1–16; Ps 84:1–12; Ps 87:1–7; Ps 88:1–18; Ps 89:1–18; Ps 92:1–15; Ps 95:1–96:13; Ps 98:1–9; Ps 100:1–5; Ps 101:1–8; Ps 104:1–106:23; Ps 107:1–22; Ps 108:1–13; Ps 118:1–29; Ps 119:49–56; Ps 119:169–176; Ps 135:1–21; Ps 137:1–9; Ps 138:1–8; Ps 144:1–15; Ps 145:1–147:20; Ps 149:1–150:6; Pr 25:20; Pr 29:6; Ec 2:1–11; Ec 7:1–8:1; Is 5:8–30; Is 12:1–6; Is 14:3–11; Is 23:1–24:23; Is 26:1–19; Is 30:27–33; Is 35:1–10; Is 38:1–22; Is 42:10–13; Is 44:21–23; Is 49:1–13; Is 51:1–16; Is 52:1–12; Is 65:1–16; Je 30:1–31:14; Je 33:1–18; Je 48:34–47; Je 51:34–58; La 5:1–22; Eze 26:1–21; Eze 33:30–33; Eze 40:44–46; Da 3:1–18; Am 5:16–6:14; Am 8:1–14; Mic 2:1–5; Hab 3:17–19; Zep 3:14–20; Zec 2:6–13; Mt 9:18–26; Mt 11:16–19; Mt 26:30–35; Mk 14:26–31; Lk 1:39–56; Lk 7:31–35; Lk 15:11–32; Ac 16:25–34; 1 Co 14:6–19; 1 Co 14:26–40; Eph 5:15–21; Col 3:12–17; Heb 2:10–18; Jas 5:13–18; Re 5:8–14; Re 8:1–9:21; Re 11:15–19; Re 14:1–5; Re 15:1–16:1; Re 18:21–24;