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Mule
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The offspring of a horse and a donkey. The Israelites were forbidden from breeding mules because they are a hybrid animal (Lev 19:19). However, in the monarchic period they were used as mounts for royalty and the rich (e.g., 2 Sam 18:9; 1 Kgs 1:33; 2 Kgs 5:17). Mules are mentioned among the wares of Phoenician traders in Ezek 27:14. Jewish tradition attributes the first breeding of mules to Anah, son of Zibeon, a Horite mentioned in Gen 36:24.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Mule
Mule (פֶּרֶד‎, pered). The offspring of a horse and a donkey. The Israelites were forbidden from breeding mules because they are a hybrid animal (Lev 19:19). However, in the monarchic period they were used as mounts for royalty and the rich (e.g., 2 Sam 18:9; 1 Kgs 1:33; 2 Kgs 5:17). Mules are mentioned
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mule
Mule. Offspring of a male ass and a female horse (2 Sm 13:29).See Animals.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Mule
Mule [Heb pereḏ (2 S. 13:29; 18:9; Ps. 32:9; etc.); fem. pirdâ (1 K. 1:33, 38, 44)]. The offspring of a mare bred by a donkey. The mule is a hybrid animal that is strong, patient, and surefooted. It is a more vigorous species than the reverse cross between a stallion and a donkey mare, which produces
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Mule
MULE Offspring of a male ass and a female horse (2 Sm 13:29). See Animals.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Mule
mule, the hybrid offspring of a donkey and a horse, normally a jackass and a mare. Although its lack of understanding was proverbial (Ps. 32:9), the mule’s strength, endurance, and docility made it ideal for transporting goods (2 Kings 5:17; 1 Chron. 12:40) and riding (Isa. 66:20). From their earliest
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Mule
MuleA member of the equid family, the offspring of a donkey and horse, or a donkey and onager (wild ass). Male (Heb. pereḏ) is distinguished from female (pirdâ) in the biblical text. As a hybrid, the mule is almost always sterile, yet exhibits qualities of size, strength, and endurance. For these
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Mule
Mule (Heb. pereḏ, pirdâ). The hybrid offspring of a female horse and a male ass. Since crossbreeding of animals was forbidden in Israel (Lev. 19:19), the Hebrews presumably obtained nearly all their mules from Gentiles (cf. 1 Kgs. 10:25). Mules were considered especially appropriate transportation
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Mule
MULE A cross between a horse and a donkey, the mule was used as a beast of burden (2 Kgs 5:17; 1 Chr 12:40; Isa 66:20). The mule was valued for its strength and prudence and was thus considered worthy to carry a king (2 Sam 18:9; 1 Kgs 1:38).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Mule
Mule, a hybrid animal, the offspring of a horse and an ass. “The mule is smaller than the horse, and is a remarkably hardy, patient, obstinate, sure-footed animal, living, ordinarily, twice as long as a horse.”—McClintock and Strong’s Cyclopedia. It was forbidden to the Israelites to breed mules, but
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Mule
Mule(Heb. pered), so called from the quick step of the animal or its power of carrying loads. It is not probable that the Hebrews bred mules, as this was strictly forbidden in the law (Lev. 19:19), although their use was not forbidden. We find them in common use even by kings and nobles (2 Sam. 18:9;
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Mule
Mulemule, the hybrid offspring of a donkey and a horse, normally a jackass and a mare. While its lack of understanding was proverbial (Ps. 32:9), the mule’s strength, endurance, and docility made it ideal for transporting goods (2 Kings 5:17; 1 Chron. 12:40) and riding (Isa. 66:20). From their earliest
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MULE
MULE<mul> (פֶּרֶד‎ [peredh] (1 Ki 10:25; 18:5; Ezr 2:66; Isa 66:20; Zec 14:15), the feminine פִּרַדָּה‎ [pirdah] (1 Ki 1:33, 38, 44), רֶכֶשׁ‎ [rekhesh], “swift steeds,” the King James Version “mules” (Est 8:10, 14), אֲחַשְׁתְּרָנִים‎ [’achashteranim], “used in the king’s service,”