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Mud
Substances
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Clay
ClayUnbaked brick made of Nile mud and chopped straw stamped with the name and title of Ramses II (ca 1330 b.c.) (Trustees of the British Museum)True clay, which is a highly aluminous soil often mixed with impurities, is found in various locations in the Near East. The Hebrews distinguished between
Mire
Mire [Heb ṭîṭ—‘mud, wet clay’ (2 S. 22:43; Job 41:30 [MT 22]; Ps. 18:42 [MT 43]; 69:14 [MT 15]; Jer. 38:6; Mic. 7:10), ḥōmer—‘clayish mud’ (Job 30:19; Isa. 10:6), yāwēn—‘mud’ (Ps. 69:2 [MT 3]), rep̱eš—‘slime’ (Isa. 57:20), bōṣ—‘silt” ’ (Jer. 38:22); Gk bórboros—‘mud, slime’ (2 Pet. 2:22)];
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Clay
clay, a plastic (pliable) material composed of various types of earth combined with moisture. The earliest and most widespread use of clay by human beings appears to have been for the production of pottery. Clay was also formed into brick for the construction of houses and other buildings (e.g., Exod.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Fen
FEN. The Heb. word biṣṣâ is defined by BDB as a “swamp.” The KJV translates the word in Job 8:11 as “mire”: and in Job 40:21 as “fens.” Thus a fen denotes a miry bog or marsh.
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Clay
CLAY טיטI. In the Ugaritic texts a binomial deity: ẓẓ wkmṯ (KTU1.100:36; 1.107:16) is attested. Virolleaud read the first name as ṭṭ. He and other scholars connected the word with Heb ṭîṭ; Akk ṭidu(m), ṭiṭu, ṭiṭṭ/ddu; Aram ṭyn/ṭînā (DISO 110); Ar ṭîn ‘clay’, ‘mud’. It is the substance
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Clay
Clay. As the sediment of water remaining in pits or in streets, the word is used frequently in the Old Testament. Ps. 18:42; Isa. 57:20; Jer. 38:6, and in the New Testament, John 9:6, a mixture of sand or dust with spittle. It is also found in the sense of potter’s clay. Isa. 41:25. The great seat of
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Clay
ClayThis word is used of sediment found in pits or in streets (Isa. 57:20; Jer. 38:22), of dust mixed with spittle (John 9:6), and of potter’s clay (Isa. 41:25; Nah. 3:14; Jer. 18:1–6; Rom. 9:21). Clay was used for sealing (Job 38:14; Jer. 32:14). Our Lord’s tomb may have been thus sealed (Matt. 27:66).
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Clay
Clayclay, a plastic (pliable) material composed of various types of earth combined with moisture. The earliest and most widespread use of clay by human beings appears to have been for the production of pottery. That fact has made the identification of the age of various types of pottery a useful tool
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Clay
ClayAlthough clay played a much more central role in ancient Near Eastern life than it does today, it is still familiar enough that Jeremiah’s description of a local craftsman could easily apply to a modern studio artist (Jer 18:3–4 NASB). In addition to the many daily uses of clay vessels, artisans
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CLAY
CLAY<kla> (חֹמֶר‎ [chomer], חֲסַף‎ [chacaph], טִיט‎ [TiT], מֶלֶט‎ [meleT], עֲבִי‎ [̀abhi], מַעֲבֶה‎ [màabheh], עַבְטִיט‎ [abhTiT]; [πηλός, pelos], “wet clay,” “mud”): True clay, which is a highly aluminous soil, is found in certain localities in Palestine,and is used in making pottery. The Hebrew
Compton’s Encyclopedia
clay
claySoil particles that come from rock and have diameters smaller than 0.0002 inch (0.005 millimeter) are collectively called clay. Particles of clay, when mixed with the proper amount of water, cling together in a soft, sticky mass. A lump of wet clay is said to be plastic because it can be squeezed
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Clay
Clay. As the sediment of water remaining in pits or in streets the word is frequently used in the Old Testament (Isa. 57:20; Jer. 38:6; Ps. 18:42), and in the New Testament (John 9:6) the word is applied to a mixture of sand or dust with spittle. It is also found in the common sense of potter’s clay
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Clay
CLAY Basic building and artistic material consisting of various types of earth combined with water to form a material that could be molded into bricks for building, sculptures, pottery, toys, or writing tablets. A piece of clay marked by a signet ring gave proof of ownership or approval. The type of