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Mount Sinai
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The place of God’s theophany to the generation of the exodus, and the place where the Ten Commandments were given to the IsraelitesMount Sinai is the location where Israel received the Ten Commandments from God after the departure from Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It remains a critical location in the history of Israel and a key component of their national identity.The name Sinai refers not only to the mountain, but to the region surrounding the mountain. The name Sinai (סיני‎, syny) is of uncertain origin, though it likely derives from the moon god Sin who was worshiped by the desert peoples (Elwell and Beitzel, “Sinai, Sina”). There are a number of mountains in the Sinai wilderness, and Mount Sinai is also called Horeb (e.g., Exod 3:1; 33:6; Deut 1:6, 19; 4:10, 15; 5:2; 1 Kgs 8:9; 19:8; Mal 4:4). Some scholars have suggested that since the name “Horeb” is preferred by the Deuteronomist, it refers to a different mountain and tradition that was later conflated with the Sinai narratives. Sinai is the more general term—“the mountain in the wilderness of Sinai”—and Horeb the more specific, regional term (Craigie, Book of Deuteronomy, 91).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Mount Sinai
Sinai, Mount (הַר סִינָי‎, har sinay; ὄρος Σινᾶ, oros Sina). The place of God’s theophany to the generation of the exodus, and the place where the Ten Commandments were given to the IsraelitesMount Sinai is the location where Israel received the Ten Commandments from God after the departure from Egypt
Horeb, Mount
Horeb, Mount (חֹרֵֽבָה‎, chorevah). Another name for Mount Sinai (סִינַי‎, sinay), more commonly used in Deuteronomy than Exodus (e.g., Deut 1:2, 6, 19; compare Exod 33:6).
Sinai, Wilderness of
Sinai, Wilderness of (מִדְבַּ֥ר סִינָֽי‎, midbar sinay). The desert region in the vicinity of Mount Sinai (Exod 19:1–2). During the time Israel spent in the region of Mount Sinai, the area where they were camped is referred to as the “wilderness” (or “desert”) of Sinai (Num 1:1; 10:12). This region is
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Sinai, Mount (Place)
SINAI, MOUNT (PLACE) [Heb sı̂nay (סִינַי)]. The hill or mountain (har) in the wilderness of Sinai at which Israel entered into a covenant with Yahweh after the release from Egyptian bondage, and where Moses received laws and instruction for the people before continuing on the wilderness journey.A. In
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Sinai, Sina
Sinai, Sina. Name of the mountain where God met Moses and gave him the Ten Commandments and the rest of the Law. The name applies not only to the mountain itself but to the desert around it (e.g., Lv 7:38) and to the entire peninsula embraced by the two arms of the Red Sea known as the Gulf of Suez and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sinai
Sinai sīʹnī, sīʹnə-i [Heb. sînay; Gk. A Sina, B Seina], AV also SINA (Acts 7:38). The name of the sacred mountain before which Israel encamped at the time of the lawgiving and the establishing of the covenant relationship. The Hebrew is sometimes qualified by the words har, “hill” or “mountain,”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Sina, Sinai
SINA*, SINAI Name of the mountain where God met Moses and gave him the Ten Commandments and the rest of the law. The name applies not only to the mountain itself but to the desert around it (Lv 7:38), as well as the entire peninsula embraced by the two arms of the Red Sea known as the Gulf of Suez and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Horeb, Mount
Horeb (hor´eb), Mount, the name for Mount Sinai used in some portions of the Pentateuch, namely, those that scholars identify as the Elohist (or E) material. This material exhibits certain distinctive tendencies: “Elohim” for God rather than the Tetragrammaton, YHWH (rendered “the Lord” in the nrsv);
Sinai
Sinai (si´ni; derivation uncertain, perhaps related to the Mesopotamian moon god Sin).1 The Sinai Peninsula, a large, wedge-shaped block of territory that forms a land bridge between Africa and Asia. Sinai is bounded on the west by the Suez Canal and Gulf of Suez, while the Negev and Gulf of Aqabah
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Horeb
HOREB. The name of the mountain at which Moses received the first theophany (Ex 3:1). Here also the covenant was made and the law given (Deut 5:2). The name Horeb is used synonymously with Sinai (q.v.). Traditionally the mountain is thought to be the SW of the Sinai peninsula, but some modern scholars
Sina
SINA. Designation of Sinai in the KJV of Acts 7:30, 38 following the Gr. form of the word. The ASV and RSV have “Sinai” (q.v.).
Sinai
SINAI. The Sinai peninsula is an inverted triangle between the two arms of the Red Sea, with the Gulf of Suez on the W and the Gulf of Aqabah on the E. The base of the triangle is approximately 150 miles long and forms a barrier between Palestine and Egypt. The whole triangle is referred to as the Wilderness
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Horeb
Horeb (Heb. ḥōrēḇ, ḥôrēḇ)The name for the mountain of God in a number of biblical traditions, elsewhere called Mt. Sinai. Although in the book of Exodus the name Sinai is used most frequently, Horeb appears in Moses’ encounter with the burning bush (Exod. 3:1), at the waters Massah and Meribah
Sinai
Sinai (Heb. sɩ̂nay)The name for both a wilderness area and the mountain at which the people of Israel made a covenant with God. It has also been used to refer to the peninsula lying between Egypt and Palestine. Mt. Sinai is called Horeb in many of the biblical traditions, particularly in Deuteronomy
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Horeb, Mount
HOREB [hôrˊĭb] (Heb. ḥōrēḇ, ḥôrēḇ “wilderness, desolate region”), MOUNT.† The mountain of God, also called Sinai; critical scholars assign those passages using the name Horeb to the Elohist and Deuteronomist strata of the Pentateuch.It was here that Moses experienced the theophany of the
Sinai, Mount
SINAI [sīˊnī] (Heb. sînay; Gk. Seina, Sina), MOUNT.† A mountain of epochal importance in Israelite religion, also called Horeb. At Mt. Sinai Moses received his call from God (Exod. 3:1) and the people of Israel received the law and the covenant (chs. 19–20). Mt. Sinai was again a place of theophany
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Sinai
SINAI A large peninsula lying between Egypt and Palestine. Triangular in shape, bordered by the two arms of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Elath on the east and the Gulf of Suez on the west, it was the scene of some of the most important events in the history of the Israelites. The northern part of the peninsula
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Sinai
SINAI The place where Israel entered into a covenant with God after leaving Egypt and where Moses received the Law from God (Exod 19:1–Num 10:11). Sinai is also called the “mountain of God” (Exod 3:1), the “mount of the Lord” (Num 10:33), and “Horeb” (Exod 33:6; Deut 1:6, 5:2; 1 Kgs 8:9; etc.). Upon
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