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Mount Hermon
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
(Heb ןֹהֶרְמו הַר‎, nohermw har) The tallest mountain in ancient Israel; located on Israel’s northeast boundary. Mount Hermon also was called Sirion and Senir (e.g., Deut 3:9). Today it is also known by its Arabic names, Jebel esh-Sheikh or Jebel eth-Thalj.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Mount Hermon
Hermon, Mount (Heb ןֹהֶרְמו הַר‎, nohermw har) The tallest mountain in ancient Israel; located on Israel’s northeast boundary. Mount Hermon also was called Sirion and Senir (e.g., Deut 3:9). Today it is also known by its Arabic names, Jebel esh-Sheikh or Jebel eth-Thalj.
Sirion
Sirion (שִׂרְיוֹן‎, siryon). The name given by the Sidonians to Mount Hermon (Deut 3:9; compare Psa 29:6).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baal-Hermon (Place)
BAAL-HERMON (PLACE) [Heb baʿal ḥermôn (בַּעַל חֶרְמֹון)]. A border point on the land inhabited by the Hivites (Judg 3:3) and intended for the half-tribe of Manasseh on the E side of the Jordan River (1 Chr 5:23). The Deuteronomistic historian concludes that the sons of Manasseh failed to conquer the
Harmon (Place)
HARMON (PLACE) [Heb harmôn (הַרְמֹון)). A place to which the leading women of Samaria are to be carried away (Amos 4:3). All efforts to discover the place named in only this one text have failed. Many modern scholars will repoint the word to read Hermon (Wolff Joel, Amos Hermeneia, 207). Mt. Hermon
Hermon, Mount (Place)
HERMON, MOUNT (PLACE) [Heb har hermôn (הַר הֶרְמֹון)]. A mountain mentioned in the Bible as marking the N border of the territory conquered by Moses and Joshua E of the Jordan river (Josh 11:17; 12:1, 4–5), and the N border of the half tribe of Manasseh (1 Chr 5:23). Mt. Hermon is located above the
Senir (Place)
SENIR (PLACE) [Heb śĕnı̂r (שְׂנִיר)]. An alternative name applied to Mt. Hermon. Deut 3:8 locates the range of Israel’s conquests in Transjordan between the Arnon Valley (Wadi Mujib at a mid-point on the Dead Sea) on the S and Mt. Hermon to the N. The latter is stated in a note (v 9) to be called Senir
Sirion (Place)
SIRION (PLACE) [Heb śiryôn (שִׂרְיֹון)]. A name used by the Sidonians to refer to Mt. Hermon (Deut 3:9). Hermon, well known from biblical sources (M.R. 220300), is part of the Anti-Lebanon range. In a poetic description of the majestic power of God, Sirion is paralleled with Lebanon (Ps 29:6), and
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Baal-hermon
Baal-hermon. Hivite territory in Transjordan near Mt Hermon, not captured in the Israelite conquest. It was one of the regions God wanted to use to test the younger generation of Israel (Jgs 3:1–6). Baal-hermon may refer to a place on the mountain. It seems to be another name for Baal-gad (Jos 13:5).
Harmon
Harmon. Place mentioned by the prophet Amos to which the inhabitants of Bashan would be exiled (Am 4:3, kjv palace). Harmon occurs only once in the Bible, and there is no known place with such a name. There are problems with the text and numerous emendations have been proposed. Some Hebrew manuscripts
Hermon, Mount
Hermon, Mount. Mountain often mentioned as the northern extremity of the territory conquered by Joshua and Moses in Transjordan; it is also the northern boundary of the inheritance of the half-tribe of Manasseh as well as of Israel in general (Dt 3:8; 4:48; Jos 11:17; 12:1, 5; 13:11; Jgs 3:3; 1 Chr 5:23).
Hermonite
Hermonite. kjv mistranslation for Hermon (Mount) in Psalm 42:6. Mt Hermon, a sacred site since antiquity, lies on the northernmost boundary of Joshua’s conquest (Jos 12:5; 13:11).See Hermon, Mount.
Senir
Senir. Amorite name for Mt Hermon in Deuteronomy 3:9 and Song of Solomon 4:8.See Hermon, Mount.
Shenir
Shenir. kjv alternate spelling of Senir, the Amorite name for Mt Hermon, in Deuteronomy 3:9 and Song of Solomon 4:8.See Hermon, Mount.
Sion
Sion. 1. kjv designation for Mt Hermon in Deuteronomy 4:48.See Hermon, Mount.2. kjv form of Zion in Psalm 65:1 and in the NT.See Zion.
Sirion
Sirion. Sidonian name for Mt Hermon (Dt 3:9; 4:48; Ps 29:6; Jer 18:14).See Hermon, Mount.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Baal-Hermon
Baal-Hermon bāl-hûrʹmən [Heb. ba‘al ḥermôn]. A place named in the description of the half-tribe of Manasseh (1 Ch. 5:23), E of the upper Jordan Valley and near Mt. Hermon. In Jgs. 3:3 “Mount Baal-hermon” is named as one of the limits of the Hivites. However, in Josh. 13:5, which seems to be a parallel
Harmon
Harmonhärˊmən [Heb. haharmônâ ] (Am. 4:3); AV PALACE; NEB DUNGHILL. The meaning of this hapax legomenon has been disputed from ancient times. The LXX translates it Gk. tó óros tó Remman, “the mountain of Remman.” The Targum has Aram ṭûrê harmênî, “the mountains of Armenia.” The AV apparently
Hermon, Mount
Hermon, Mount hûrʹmən, [Heb. har ḥermôn < ḥāram—‘devote’]. The highest peak of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, marking the southern end of that range. See Plate 21.This majestic mountain has three peaks, the highest of which is 2813 m (9232 ft). The name appears in the plural form in Ps. 42:6 (MT
Senir
Senir sēʹnər [Heb. śenîr; Gk. Sanir]; AV also SHENIR. According to Dt. 3:8f, the Amorite name for Mt. Hermon. But Senir and Hermon are named as two different mountains in Cant. 4:8, and both names also appear in 1 Ch. 5:23, which defines the boundaries of the half-tribe of Manasseh. Perhaps the apparent
Sirion
Sirion sirʹē-ən [Heb. śiryôn]; AV also SION (Dt. 4:48), FIELD (Jer. 18:14); NEB also SLOPES. The Sidonian (Phoenician) name for Mt. Hermon (Dt. 3:9), the southernmost major peak of the Anti-Lebanon Range. It has been suggested that Sirion was actually the name for the whole range, based on its usage
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Baal-Hermon
BAAL-HERMON Hivite territory in Transjordan near Mt Hermon, not captured in the Israelite conquest. It was one of the regions God wanted to use to test the younger generation of Israel (Jgs 3:1–6). Baal-hermon may refer to a place on the mountain. It seems to be another name for Baal-gad (Jos 13:5).
Harmon
HARMON* Place mentioned by the prophet Amos to which the inhabitants of Bashan would be exiled (Am 4:3, nlt mg). Harmon occurs only once in the Bible, and there is no known place with such a name. There are problems with the text and numerous emendations have been proposed. Some Hebrew manuscripts render
Hermon, Mount
HERMON, MOUNT Mountain often mentioned as the northern extremity of the territory conquered by Joshua and Moses in Transjordan; it is also the northern boundary of the inheritance of the half-tribe of Manasseh as well as of Israel in general (Dt 3:8; 4:48; Jos 11:17; 12:1, 5; 13:11; 1 Chr 5:23). Hermon
Hermonite
HERMONITE* kjv mistranslation for Hermon (Mount) in Psalm 42:6. Mt Hermon, a sacred site since antiquity, lies on the northernmost boundary of Joshua’s conquest (Jos 12:5; 13:11). See Hermon, Mount.
Senir
SENIR Amorite name for Mt Hermon in Deuteronomy 3:9 and Song of Songs 4:8. See Hermon, Mount.
Shenir
SHENIR* kjv alternate spelling of Senir, the Amorite name for Mt Hermon, in Deuteronomy 3:9 and Song of Songs 4:8. See Hermon, Mount.
Sion
SION*1. kjv designation for Mt Hermon in Deuteronomy 4:48. See Hermon, Mount.2. kjv form of Zion in Psalm 65:1 and in the NT. See Zion.
Sirion
SIRION Sidonian name for Mt Hermon (Dt 3:9; 4:48; Ps 29:6; Jer 18:14). See Hermon, Mount.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Baal-Hermon
Baal-hermon (bay´uhl-huhr´muhn, bah´uhl-huhr´muhn; Heb., “baal [lord] of Hermon”), a Hivite town (Judg. 3:3) on the north border of Manasseh’s tribal land (1 Chron. 5:23). Some scholars consider it identical to Baal-gad (Josh. 11:17; 12:7; 13:5). If so, it was situated somewhere on the western side of
Hermon, Mount
Hermon (huhr´muhn; Heb., “sacred” or “forbidden”), Mount, the three-peaked summit at the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Mount Hermon rises 9,230 feet above sea level and is the highest point in the entire Levant, 1,968 feet higher than any part of the Lebanon mountains and towering
Senir
Senir (see´nuhr), the Amorite name for Mount Hermon, according to an editorial note in Deut. 3:9. In Ezek. 27:5, Senir supplied fir planking (and Lebanon, a cedar mast) for the metaphorical ship Tyre—here Senir probably designates the entire Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Hermon and Senir appear together,
Sirion
Sirion (sihr´ee-uhn), the name used for Mount Hermon by the people of Sidon (Deut. 3:9; 4:48). Both Ps. 29:6 and Jer. 18:14 employ the word in a way that is parallel with Lebanon, which is consistent with reading it as a reference to Mount Hermon.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Baal-Hermon
BAAL-HERMON. A height near Mount Hermon on the N border of Manasseh, E of the Jordan. It was not captured by the Israelite conquest (Jdg 3:3; 1 Chr 5:23).
Hermon
HERMON. The name means “sacred mountain” or “consecrated place. (from ḥāram, in the hiph‘il, “to devote,” consecrate”), and probably derived its name from the Baal sanctuaries located there from ancient times, prior to the Exodus (Josh 11:17). It has been called Shenir or Senir by the Amorites, Sirion
Senir
SENIR, SHENIR. A peak or mountain, probably snow-capped, NE of Jordan, between Amana (q.v.) and Hermon (1 Chr 5:23; Song 4:8). Senir was famous for its fir trees used in shipbuilding (Ezk 27:5). This was also the name by which the Amorites called Mount Hermon (Deut 3:9); in Akkadian it was called Saniru.
Sirion
SIRION. One of the names of Mount Hermon by which it was called anciently by the Sidonians (Deut 3:9). Since in Ps 29:6 Sirion is mentioned together with Lebanon, it has been suggested that Sirion designates the Anti-Lebanon Range.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Harmon
HARMON. A place (rsv, Am. 4:3) otherwise not mentioned in OT (av interprets as ‘the palace’, from vss. lxx has ‘the mountains of Rimmon’, possibly the hill of *Rimmon (Jdg. 20:45, 47). Various emendations, ‘naked’ (‘armôṯ), ‘devoted to destruction’, have been suggested. More plausible is the suggestion,
Hermon
HERMON (Heb. ḥermōn, ‘sanctuary’). A mountain in the Anti-Lebanon Range, and easily the highest (2,814 m) in the neighbourhood of Palestine. It is called also Mt Sirion (Heb. Sion, Dt. 4:48), and known to the Amorites as S (h)enir (Dt. 3:9). Note, however, that Ct. 4:8 and 1 Ch. 5:23 explicitly distinguish
Senir
SENIR. According to Dt. 3:9, the Amorite name for Mt Hermon (śenîr; av Shenir); but in Ct. 4:8 and 1 Ch. 5:23, apparently one of the peaks in the ridge, the name being loosely applied to the whole. Manasseh expanded N to Senir (1 Ch. 5:23), and the slopes supplied fir (*Trees) for Tyrian ships, Lebanon
Sion
SION. A synonym for, or part of, Mt Hermon (Dt. 4:48, av; cf. rsvmg.). It is probably another form of ‘Sirion’ (Dt. 3:9); indeed, Pesh. reads ‘Sirion’ here, as also do rsv, neb. A different word from ‘Zion’.J. D. Douglas.
Sirion
SIRION (Heb. śiryōn). The Canaanite name for *Mt *Hermon as used in the Bible by the Sidonians (Dt. 3:9; cf. Ps. 29:6) and found in the form šryn in the Ugaritic texts. See C. H. Gordon, Ugaritic Textbook, 1965, p. 495. (*Sion.)T. C. Mitchell.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Baal-Hermon
Baal-Hermon (Heb. baʿal ḥermôn)A place in the Lebanon Mountains occupied by the Hivites (Judg. 3:3) and assigned to the half-tribe of Manasseh (1 Chr. 5:23). It is likely a Hivite town or shrine on the slopes or in the foothills of the Hermon massif. Although the site of Baal-hermon has not been identified,
Harmon
Harmon (Heb. harmônâ)An unspecified site to which the women of Samaria were to be banished (Amos 4:3). The exact location is not known. Modern scholars repoint the Hebrew to read “Hermon” (i.e., Mt. Hermon, which lies beyond Bashan, in the general direction of Damascus; Amos 5:27). The LXX reads “the
Hermon
Hermon (Heb. ḥermôn), MOUNTThe southern portion of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range, extending 29 km. (18 mi.) on the northern border of Palestine. The heights overlook much of northern Israel and southern Syria, including the valley of Lebanon, the Gilead mountains, the Jordan Valley, and the Sea
Senir
Senir (Heb. kĕnɩ̂r)The Amorites’ name for Mt. Hermon (Deut. 3:9). At 1 Chr. 5:23 Senir and Mt. Hermon are distinguished (unless “and” should be taken as epexegetic “even”); furthermore, Senir is known to have been a name for the entire Anti-Lebanon range (as opposed to the single peak of Hermon; cf.
Sirion
Sirion (Heb. kiryōn)The Sidonian name for Mt. Hermon (Deut. 3:9; cf. 4:48, Heb. kɩ̂ʾōn). At Ps. 29:6b Sirion is the parallel for Lebanon in v. 6a, here perhaps designating the entire Anti-Lebanon range, of which Mt. Hermon is the southern part, or possibly both the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges. Jer.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Harmon
Harmon [härˊmən] (Heb. haharmônâ). An unspecified place of banishment (Amos 4:3; KJV “the palace”; JB “Hermon”). Otherwise unattested, it is the place to which the guilty women of Samaria would be cast forth. If they were to be punished while yet alive, it might have been a place of exile for
Hermon, Mount
HERMON [hûrˊmən], MOUNT (Heb. har ḥermônn “consecrated mountain”). The highest of the Antilebanon mountains, forming the southern spur of that range. Snow-capped much of the year, it bears the modern Arabic names Jebel el-Thalj (“mountain of the snow”) and Jebel el-Sheikh (“gray-haired mountain”).
Senir
Senir [sēˊnər] (Heb. śenîr). The Amorites’ name for Mt. Hermon (Deut. 3:9; KJV “Shenir”). At 1 Chr. 5:23 Senir and Mt. Hermon are distinguished (unless “and” should be taken as epexegetic “even”); furthermore, “Sanir” is known to have been a name for the entire Anti-lebanon range (as opposed to
Sirion
Sirion [sĭrˊĭ ən] (Heb. śiryōn).† The Sidonian name for Mt. Hermon (Deut. 3:9). Heb. śî˒ōn (KJV “Sion”; NIV “Siron”) is given as an alternative name of Mt. Hermon at Deut. 4:48, corrected by many to “Sirion” (so RSV, JB). At Ps. 29:6b Sirion is the parallel for Lebanon at v. 6a;
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Hermon (Place)
HERMON (MOUNT) A mountain range on the northern border of Palestine, marking the limit of the conquests of Moses and Joshua on the east of the Jordan and of the Israelite expansion (Deut. 3:8; 4:48; Josh. 11:17, etc.; Judg. 3:3). The Hermon rises above the valley of Lebanon (Josh. 11:17) and above the
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Baal-Hermon
BAAL-HERMON בעל חרמוןI. A location on the northern border of the allotments of the twelve tribes (Judg 3:3; 1 Chr 5:23). It seems that →Baal should be construed as the name of a god, i.e., ‘Baal of →Hermon’. Hermon is identical with Jebel esh-Sheikh, the southern peak of the Anti-Lebanon (Deut 3:8;
Hermon
HERMON חרמןI. Mount Hermon is mentioned several times in the Hebrew Bible (e.g. Deut 3:8; Josh 11:3, 17). The prominent mountain at the west-end of →Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon rises to a height of 2.814 m above sea-level. Its modern name is Jebel eš-Šeḫ “Mountain of the Hoar” or Jebel et-talǧ “Mountain
Sirion
SIRION שׂריוןI. According to some of our sources Mount Sirion/Siryon is part of the Hermon massif. Deut 3:9 gives it as the name of the mountain used by the Sidonians, but nevertheless the Amorite designation is Senir. This variant form of the name corresponds to the mountain Saniru being the refuge