Looking to help your church and family stay connected to the Word while social distancing?
Check out our free church library, church online resources, and family resources.

Mother of John and James
Mother of two sons named James and John. They were disciples of Jesus.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
James (Person)
JAMES (PERSON) [Gk Iakōbos (Ἰακωβος)]. It is unclear how many different persons bear this name in the NT, where it occurs 42 times (the majority of these are in Mark; the name never occurs in John). The name was evidently quite popular in the 1st century. Three persons bearing the name James are relatively
John (Person)
JOHN (PERSON) [Gk Iōannēs (Ἰωαννης)]. John was a common Jewish name during the Hellenistic age and was especially popular among the priesthood.1. The son of a priest named Simeon, from the clan of Joarib. He was the father of Mattathias and the grandfather of Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc 2:1; cf. 14:29
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
John (Person)
John (Person). 1. Father of Simon Peter and Andrew (Jn 1:40, 42; 21:15–17). According to Matthew 16:17, Peter’s father was named Jona (Jonas, Jonah). Either Jona was an alternate form of the name John or, more probably, two independent traditions existed regarding his name.2. Member of the high priestly
Jona. kjv form of John, father of Simon Peter and Andrew, in John 1:42.See John (Person) #1.
Jonas. 1. kjv form of Jonah in Matthew 12:39–41 and Luke 11:29–32.See Jonah (Person).2. kjv form of John, Simon Peter’s father, in John 21:15, 17.See John (Person) #1.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
JamesThe name of two or more persons who were active in the early Church. James is the English equivalent of Gk. Iakōbos, which in turn is derived from Heb. yaʾaqōḇ (Jacob).The forty-one instances of this name in the NT seem to refer to two or three persons. Nineteen clearly refer to James the
John (NT)
2. The apostle, the son of Zebedee and brother of James (see John the Apostle).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
John (Person)
JOHN (Person)1. Father of Simon Peter and Andrew (Jn 1:40–42; 21:15–17). According to Matthew 16:17, Peter’s father was named Jona (Jonas, Jonah). Either Jona was an alternate form of the name John or, more probably, two independent traditions existed regarding his name.2. Member of the high priestly
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
James (jaymz), the English equivalent of the Greek Jacobus, a common name in the first century.1 James, the son of Zebedee (Matt. 4:21; 10:2; Mark 1:19; 3:17) and brother of John (Matt. 17:1; Mark 3:17; 5:37; Acts 12:2), with whom he was called by Jesus to be one of the twelve (Matt. 4:21; Mark 1:19–20;
John (jahn).1 The father of Mattathias and grandfather of Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc. 2:1).2 The oldest son of Mattathias and brother of Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc. 2:2; 9:35–42).3 John the Baptist (Matt. 3:1). See John the Baptist.4 John the son of Zebedee, also called John the apostle (Mark 10:35). See
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
JONA. KJV form of John (Jn 1:42, RSV), used in order to harmonize with Barjona in (Mt 16:17).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
James (Gk. Iákōbos, from Heb. yaʿăqōḇ, “Jacob”)1. James the son of Zebedee. Among the first whom Jesus called as disciples (Mark 1:16–20 par.), James belonged with his (likely younger) brother John and Peter to the inner circle of Jesus’ disciples. In the four lists of the Twelve (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark
John (Gk. Iōánnēs)1. The father of Matthias and grandfather of Judas Maccabeus; son of the priest Simeon (1 Macc. 2:1).2. The oldest son of Matthias, surnamed Gaddi (2 Macc. 2:2). Sent to the Nabateans by his brother Jonathan to store the Maccabeans’ belongings, he was ambushed and killed by “the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jona [jōˊnə] (Gk. lōannēs).† John, the father of Simon Peter (John 1:42, KJV). See John 10; Bar-Jona.
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
James, St, ‘the Great’
James, St, ‘the Great’, Apostle. He was a son of Zebedee, elder brother of St *John, and with St *Peter and John he belonged to the privileged group of disciples who were present at the raising of Jairus’ daughter (Mk. 5:37), the *Transfiguration, and the Agony in *Gethsemane. James and John, acc.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
John, the same name as Johanan, a contraction of Jehohanan, Jehovah’s gift.1. One of the high priest’s family, who, with Annas and Caiaphas, sat in judgment upon the apostles Peter and John. Acts 6:6.2. The Hebrew name of the evangelist Mark. Acts 12:12, 25; 13:5, 13; 15:37.
Jo´na (a dove) (Greek form of Jonah), the father of the apostle Peter, John 1:42, who is hence addressed as Simon Barjona (i.e., son of Jona) in Matt. 16:17.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
JOHN (jon; Gk. ˒Iōannēs; from Heb. Yôḥānān, “Jehovah is gracious”). The name of the apostle (see article following); of the baptizer and forerunner (see article following) of Jesus Christ; and of several other biblical personages.1. The father of the apostle Peter (John 1:42; 21:15–17).2. One
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
John(1.) One who, with Annas and Caiaphas, sat in judgment on the apostles Peter and John (Acts 4:6). He was of the kindred of the high priest; otherwise unknown.(2.) The Hebrew name of Mark (q.v.). He is designated by this name in the acts of the Apostles (12:12, 25; 13:5, 13; 15:37).(3.) THE APOSTLE,
See also
John Son
James Son