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Metal
Metals • Metals and Metallurgy • Metals of the Bible
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Minerals, Metals, and Precious Stones
Minerals, Metals, and Precious Stones. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance—normally an ore which must be mined and treated before the metal can be extracted. A metal is a chemical element such as iron or copper, which in its pure form is free from contamination by other materials. Metals in
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Minerals and Metals
MINERALS* AND METALS A “mineral” is a naturally occurring substance, normally an ore that must be mined and treated before the metal can be extracted. A “metal” is a chemical element such as iron or copper, which is free from contamination by other materials. Metals in a pure form generally do not occur
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Metals
metals, malleable materials of varying degrees of strength, hardness, and value. Biblical references to metals are frequent but allusive. Tubal-cain (Gen. 4:22) is known as a metalsmith. Canaan is described as “a land whose stones are iron and from whose hills you may mine copper” (Deut. 8:9; cf. Ezra
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Mining and Metals
MINING AND METALS. The theatre of OT history is the so-called ‘Fertile Crescent’ (i.e. Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and the Nile Delta). The alluvial plains of the Tigris-Euphrates and Nile valleys provide but little stone. Much of Assyria’s gypsum, indeed, comes from stone quarries near Mosul; and
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Metals, Metalworking
Metals, MetalworkingElements having a shiny luster that may be shaped to form tools and weapons. Stable metals such as gold and copper occur in a pure or native state. These metals were the earliest to be widely exploited. Most are chemically reactive and are found combined with nonmetals such as oxygen
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Metals
METALS From a study of the geological strata of Egypt, Syria and Asia Minor it is possible to map ancient mines of the Near East. Asia Minor was rich in iron and had some copper. Copper was also mined in northern Syria, in a region known to the authors of the El Amarna letters as the ‘Land of Copper’.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Metals
Metals. The Hebrews, in common with other ancient nations, were acquainted with nearly all the metals known to modern metallurgy, whether as the products of their own soil or the results of intercourse with foreigners. One of the earliest geographical definitions is that which describes the country of
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Metals
Metalsmetals, malleable materials of varying degrees of strength, hardness, and value. Biblical references to metals are frequent but allusive. Tubal-cain (Gen. 4:22) is known as a metalsmith. Palestine is described as ‘a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills you can dig copper’ (Deut.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Metals of the Bible
METALS OF THE BIBLE. The metals used in Bible times were gold (Gen. 2:11–12), silver (Gen. 13:2), bronze (Gen. 4:22; Ex. 25:3), copper (Deut. 8:9; Job 28:2), iron (Gen. 4:22; Lev. 26:19), tin (Num. 31:22), and lead (Ezek. 22:18, 20; 27:12).Gold was almost certainly the first metal known and used by
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
METAL
METAL<met’-al> (חַשְׁמַל‎ [chashmal]; [ἤλεκτρον, elektron]; the King James Version amber; Ezek 8:2, the Revised Version margin “amber”): The substance here intended is a matter of great uncertainty. In Egypt bronze was, called [chesmen], which may be connected with the Hebrew [chashmal]; the Greek
METALS
METALS<met’-alz> (Latin metallum, “metal,” “mine”; Greek [μέταλλον, metallon], “mine”): The metals known by the ancients were copper, gold, iron, lead, silver and tin. Of these copper, gold and silver were probably first used, because, occurring in a metallic state, they could be separated easily
Compton’s Encyclopedia
metal
metalA metal is a substance characterized by its strength and its ability to conduct heat and electricity, as well as by numerous other physical and chemical properties. At room temperature metals are solid (with the sole exception of mercury). Most metals have a silvery gray, shiny appearance; almost