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Meshech (region)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A region possibly named after Meshech, son of Japheth or his lineage.The name Meshech appears regularly in association with the names Javan and Tubal (1 Chr 1:5; Ezek 27:13). The Table of Nations in Gen 10, in which names often represent both people and places, lists Javan, Tubal, and Meshech among the sons of Japheth (Gen 10:2). According to Block, Meshech was a region in central Anatolia (Asia Minor), located to the west of Tubal (Block, The Book of Ezekiel, 72–73). His identification of Meshech and Tubal with kingdoms in the interior of Anatolia is based on references in Assyrian sources recording their various conflicts in the region. Ezekiel 27 lists Javan, Meshech, and Tubal among Tyre’s trading partners. These regions were apparently a source of human slaves for the Phoenician traders (Ezek 27:13).The place name “Meshech” also appears five times in relationship with the region of Tubal (Ezek 27:13; 32:26; 38:2–3; 39:1). The two appear to be vassal nations of Magog (see Ezek 38:2–3; 39:1), who also is listed among the names of Japheth’s sons (Gen 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5). Meshech and Tubal are also linked with Javan again in Ezek 27:13. Given these multiple connections between the regions of Meshech, Tubal, Javan, and Magog, an etymological connection is probable. It is likely that the inhabitants of these regions were thought to be the respective descendants of the sons of Japheth, son of Noah.The reference to Meshech in Psa 120:5 also suggests an association of the place with the descendants of Meshech, son of Japheth. In this lament, Meshech appears in parallel construction with “the tents of Kedar” (Psa 120:5) and with “those who hate peace” (Psa 120:6 ESV). The composer of the Psalm is uncomfortable being a peaceful foreigner in Meshech while those around him “are for war” (Psa 120:5–7). The text does not make it clear whether the inhabitants who share the region with Kedar are from the lineage of Japheth, but the characteristics are nonetheless compatible with those of Meshech’s descendants described in the book of Ezekiel.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Meshech
Meshech (מֶשֶׁךְ‎, meshekh). A region possibly named after Meshech, son of Japheth or his lineage.The name Meshech appears regularly in association with the names Javan and Tubal (1 Chr 1:5; Ezek 27:13). The Table of Nations in Gen 10, in which names often represent both people and places, lists Javan,
Tubal, Son of Japheth
Tubal, Son of Japheth (תֻּבַל‎, tuval). A descendant of Japheth (Gen 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Meshech (Person)
MESHECH (PERSON) [Heb mešek (מֶשֶׁך)]. Meshech is one of the seven sons of Japheth, Noah’s son, according to the Table of Nations in Gen 10:2 and the parallel genealogy in 1 Chr 1:5. The latter genealogy also lists another person with the same name as a son of Shem (1:17). In the Table of Nations (Gen
Tubal (Person)
TUBAL (PERSON) [Heb tūbal (תֻּבַל)]. One of the seven sons of Japheth, Noah’s son, according to the Table of Nations (Gen 10:2) and the parallel genealogy in 1 Chr 1:5. Descendants of Tubal and his siblings (Gomer, Magog, Madai, Yavan, Meshech, and Tiras) are located to the N of Israel, in Greece, Asia
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mesech
Mesech. kjv spelling of Meshech, Noah’s grandson, in Psalm 120:5.See Meshech #1.
Meshech
Meshech. 1. Son of Japheth and Noah’s grandson (Gn 10:2). His descendants are usually mentioned in connection with Tubal, Gog, or Magog (Ps 120:5, kjv Mesech; Ez 27:13; 32:26; 38:2, 3; 39:1). They are called Muski in Assyrian records and inhabited the mountains north of Assyria during the reigns of Tiglath-pileser
Tubal
Tubal. Fifth of the listed sons of Japheth in the table of nations (Gn 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5). Tubal later gains significance in the prophetic writings of Isaiah and Ezekiel as one of the nations which would be judged for threatening God’s people (Is 66:19; Ez 27:13; 32:26; 38:2, 3; 39:1). Tubal is typically
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tubal
Tubal toöʹbəl [Heb. tuḇal; Gk. thobel]. One of the sons of Japheth, son of Noah (Gen. 10:2 par 1 Ch. 1:5). Tubal represents a region in central Asia Minor called Tabal in Assyrian sources, where it is associated with Muški, biblical Meshech (cf. Ezk. 27:13; 32:26; 38:2f.; 39:1). Tabal and Muški constituted
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Mesech
MESECH* kjv spelling of Meshech, Noah’s grandson, in Psalm 120:5. See Meshech #1.
Meshech
MESHECH1. Son of Japheth and Noah’s grandson (Gn 10:2). His descendants are usually mentioned in connection with Tubal, Gog, or Magog (Ps 120:5; Ez 27:13; 32:26; 38:2–3; 39:1). They are called Muski in Assyrian records and inhabited the mountains north of Assyria during the reigns of Tiglath-pileser
Tubal
TUBAL Fifth of the listed sons of Japheth in the table of nations (Gn 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5). Tubal later gained significance in the prophetic writings of Isaiah and Ezekiel as one of the nations that would be judged for threatening God’s people (Is 66:19; Ez 27:13; 32:26; 38:2–3; 39:1). Tubal is typically
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Meshech
Meshech (mee´shek).1 The sixth son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2). His name, like the names of the fourth son (Javan) and fifth son (Tubal), is also the name for an area.2 A region in Asia Minor. Meshech appears in Assyrian texts as Muski or Musku from 1200 bce onward. Its people were noted metallurgists and
Tubal
Tubal (too´buhl), one of the sons of Japheth (Gen. 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5) and the nation that viewed him as their eponymous ancestor. Geographically, the “descendants of Japheth” seem to be linked in the Bible to Asia Minor and adjacent European lands. This location is confirmed by Assyrian records that
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Meshech
MESHECH1. A son of Shem (1 Chr 1:17), probably a scribal error for Mash (q.v.; Gen 10:23).2. Sixth son of Japheth (Gen 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5), and ancestor of a people mentioned by Ezekiel and in Ps 120:5. The Mushki of the Assyrian inscriptions, first mentioned by Tiglath-pileser. (c. 1100 b.c.) and then
Tubal
TUBAL. The fifth son of Japheth (Gen 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5). The country traded with Tyre in slaves and brass (Ezk 27:13). At one time Gog ruled Tubal (Ezk 38:2–3) and Meshech (39:1). Isa 66:19 declared it shall hear of the grace of Yahweh. It is the Tabali of the Assyrian inscriptions. The country was located
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Meshech
MESHECH (MT mešeḵ; lxx Mosoch). One of the sons of Japheth (Gn. 10:2 = 1 Ch. 1:5) here and elsewhere associated with Tubal. 1 Ch. 1:17 names him as a descendant of Shem by Aram, while the parallel passage (Gn. 10:23) gives the name as Mash. One of these is, presumably, an error, and lxx Mosoch in Gn.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Meshech
Meshech (Heb. mešeḵ) (also MASH)1. one of the seven sons of Japheth (Gen. 10:2; 1 Chr. 1:5). According to the Table of Nations the descendants of Japheth dwelled in Europe and Asia. Meshech is mentioned in Akkadian sources as early as 1100 b.c.e., as Muški, a people noted for skill in metallurgy.
Tubal
Tubal (Heb. tuḇal)A son of Japheth listed in the Table of Nations (Gen. 10:2; 1 Chr. 1:5) and the nation purportedly descended from him. Tubal was located somewhere in eastern Asia Minor, perhaps Cilicia. It is linked with Javan (Ionia; Isa. 66:19; Ezek. 27:13) and Meshech (Phrygia; Isa. 66:19 LXX;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Tubal
Tubal [tōōˊbəl] (Heb. tuḇāl, tûḇāl). One of Japheth’s sons (Gen. 10:2; 1 Chr. 1:5). The name also designates a people regarded as his descendants (Ezek. 33:26), very likely the Tibarenoi (Akk. Tabal) who dwelled southeast of the Black Sea. Except at Isa. 66:19, Tubal is always mentioned together
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Tubal
TUBAL One of the seven sons of Japheth and a grandson of Noah (Gen 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5). The name was used as a geographical designation for a people who inhabited the Black Sea region and who traded in slaves and bronze with Tyre (Ezek 27:13; cf. Isa 66:19). In Ezek 38:2–3 and 39:1, Gog is named the “chief
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Mesech Meshech
Me´sech, Me´shech (drawing out), a son of Japhet, Gen. 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5, and the progenitor of a race frequently noticed in Scripture in connection with Tubal, Magog, and other northern nations. They appear as allies of Gog, Ezek. 38:2, 3; 39:1, and as supplying the Tyrians with copper and slaves.
Tubal
Tu´bal is reckoned with Javan and Meshech among the sons of Japheth. Gen. 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5. The three are again associated in the enumeration of the sources of the wealth of Tyre. Ezek. 27:13. Tubal and Javan, Isa. 66:19, Meshech and Tubal, Ezek. 32:26; 38:2–3; 39:1, are nations of the north. Ezek.