Mesha (descendant of Caleb)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
MARESHAH (PERSON) [Heb mārēšâ (מָרֵשָׁה)]. Two individuals of the tribe of Judah.1. Firstborn of the family of Caleb and the father of Ziph and Hebron (1 Chr 2:42). The text is confused at this point, which is possibly due to dittography. The Hebrew has mêšaʿ, “Mesha.” However the RSV follows
MESHA (PERSON) [Heb mêšāʿ (מֵישָׁע); mêšāʾ (מֵישָׁא)]. 1. A Moabite king who, in the 9th century b.c., led a successful revolt against his Israelite oppressors. To students of the Bible, Mesha is one of the best known non-Israelite kings, since he is the principal in a famous inscription, the Moabite
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mesha (Person). 1. King of Moab in the 9th century bc. whose name is derived from a root meaning “to save or deliver.” According to 2 Kings 3:4, 5, Mesha was a sheep breeder who paid heavy tribute to Israel during the time of Ahab, but rebelled after Ahab’s death (2 Kgs 1:1). Later Jehoram the son of
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Mareshah (muh-ree´shuh).1 An important town in the Judean Shephelah, identified with modern Tell Sandahannah, located about twenty-five miles southwest of Jerusalem. Josh. 15:44 names Mareshah as one of Judah’s settlements. According to 2 Chron. 11:5–12, Rehoboam fortified this town, ca. 920 bce. Near
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
MARESHAH1. The first fortress city N of the great citadel of Lachish. Josh 15:44 enumerates it among the cities of the Shephelah of Judah. The earlier Amarna tablets knew it as a Canaanite city. Rehoboam fortified the site after Shishak’s invasion (2 Chr 11:5–8), and Asa defeated Zerah the Ethiopian
MESHA1. A king of Moab in the reigns of Ahab, Ahaziah, and Jehoram, kings of Israel. In the days of Omri and Ahab he had been subject to Israel, but after Ahab’s death, he rebelled (2 Kgs 1:1; 3:4–5) and eventually threw off the Israelite yoke when Jehoram succeeded to the throne after Ahaziah’s short
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
MESHA. 1. King of Moab, succeeding his father who had reigned for 30 years and worshipped *Chemosh (Moabite Stone, 2–3). He rebelled after Ahab’s death (2 Ki. 1:1; 3:5). Since an invasion of his territory by Judah, Israel and Edom failed, his breakaway may have occurred c. 853 bc while Ahab and Israel
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Mareshah (Heb. mārēšâ) (PERSON)1. The firstborn son of Caleb, father of Ziph and Hebron (1 Chr. 2:42 LXX; Gk. Marisa). Hebrew manuscripts offer no variants, reading instead “Mesha” as father of Ziph. The LXX emendation fails to overcome the intrusion of “the sons of Mareshah, the father of Hebron” (cf.
Mesha (Heb. mêšāʿ, mêšāʾ) (PERSON)1. King of the Transjordanian kingdom of Moab during the early 9th century b.c.e.; son of Chemosh-yati. According to 2 Kgs. 3:4 Mesha was a sheep breeder (Heb. nōqēḏ) and a vassal of the “king of Israel.” After the death of King Ahab of Israel in 850, Mesha
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Me´sha (freedom).1. The name of one of the geographical limits of the Joktanites when they first settled in Arabia. Gen. 10:30.2. The king of Moab who was tributary to Ahab, 2 Kings 3:4; but when Ahab fell at Ramoth-gilead, Mesha refused to pay tribute to his successor, Jehoram. When Jehoram succeeded
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
MARE´SHAH (ma-reʹsha; “summit, chief place”).1. A person named as the “father” of Hebron, among the descendants of Judah. From the position his name occupies he is supposed to be the brother of Mesha, Caleb’s firstborn (1 Chron. 2:42), about 1380 b.c.2. A son of, or, more probably, a city founded by,
ME´SHA (mēʹsha).1. A place in Arabia, the western limit of the children of Joktan (Gen. 10:30) and possibly identical with Massa and Mash. However that may be, there is frequent mention of the latter country in the cuneiform inscriptions. It corresponds roughly with the Arabia Petraea of the geographers.